Pasay

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City of Pasay
Highly urbanized city
(From top, left to right): SM Mall of Asia, EDSA corner Taft Avenue, Mall of Asia Arena, Resorts World Manila, TwoE-comCenter, NAIA Terminal 2, view of Pasay
(From top, left to right): SM Mall of Asia, EDSA corner Taft Avenue, Mall of Asia Arena, Resorts World Manila, TwoE-comCenter, NAIA Terminal 2, view of Pasay
Official seal of City of Pasay
Seal
Nickname(s): The Premier Gateway to the Philippines, The Travel City, The Travel Capital of The Philippines, Home of the Aliwan Fiesta, Festival Capital of Metro Manila, Asian City, Trading Center of the Philippines
Motto: Aim High Pasay!
Map of Metro Manila highlighting Pasay City
Map of Metro Manila highlighting Pasay City
City of Pasay is located in Philippines
City of Pasay
City of Pasay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°00′E / 14.550°N 121.000°E / 14.550; 121.000Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°00′E / 14.550°N 121.000°E / 14.550; 121.000
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts Lone District of Pasay City
Incorporated December 2, 1863 (town)
Incorporated June 21, 1947 (city)
Barangays 201
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonino G. Calixto (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Marlon A. Pesebre (United Nationalist Alliance)
 • Representative Emi G. Calixto-Rubiano (Liberal)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area[2]
 • Total 18.50 km2 (7.14 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 392,869
 • Density 21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1300–1309
Area code 2
Website www.pasay.gov.ph

Pasay, officially the City of Pasay (Filipino: Lungsód ng Pasay), is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the north by the country's capital, the City of Manila, to the northeast by Makati City, to the east by Taguig City, and Parañaque City to the south.

Pasay City was one of the original four cities of Metro Manila. Due to its proximity to Manila, it quickly became an urban town during the American Occupation.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Pasay" is of uncertain origin, although there are several theories:

  • Paz may have been the name of a hacienda owner's daughter, who was bewailed by her brokenhearted lover at her death as "Paz-ay!". This became the name of the hacienda and in turn came to be known simply as Pasay.[4]
  • The city's name may also come from pasaw, a plant with an exotic aroma, that used grow abundantly there. Spanish botanist, Antonio Pineda, visited a place called Basal to collect pasaw.[4]
  • The most credible explanation is that Pasay was named after Princess Dayang-dayang Pasay of the Namayan Kingdom, who inherited lands now comprising modern-day Makati, Pasay and Baclaran.[4]
  • 'Pasay' may have been derived from Samudera Pasai. It was an Islamic sultanate on the north coast of the island of Sumatra that existed from the late 13th century to the early 16th century. In the year 1524 a rival kingdom, Aceh, conquered the kingdom. Several groups of Pasai inhabitants escaped from the conquered kingdom and found their way to the island of Luzon. There, they established a small settlement that would later be known as Pasay, after the settlers’ place of origin, the Kingdom of Pasai.[5]

Pasay's name may also have originated from the Spanish Paso hay meaning "there is a pass". This referred to the paths cleared among the grass leading to the southern portions from Manila.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In 1727, the ancient pre colonial name of the Pasay settlement was changed to Pineda in honor of Don Cornelio Pineda, a Spanish horticulturist who requested for guardias civiles for protection from indigenous rebellion. The name Pineda, along with Pasay, was used as the name of the place until the early 20th century.[citation needed]

On May 21, 2006, SM Mall of Asia was opened in Bay City as then the 2nd largest mall in the Philippines.

Geography[edit]

Pasay City zones and barangays

Pasay City covers a total land area of 18.50 square kilometres (7.14 sq mi), making it the third smallest political subdivision in the National Capital Region and fourth in the whole country. It borders City of Manila to the north, Parañaque to the south, Makati and Taguig to the northeast, and Manila Bay to the west.

The city can be divided in 3 distinct areas: the city's urban area with an area of 5.505 square kilometres (2.125 sq mi); the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) complex, which include the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) and the Villamor Airbase, with an area of 9.5 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi); and the reclaimed land from Manila Bay with an area of 4.00 square kilometres (1.54 sq mi).[2]

Pasay is composed of seven (7) districts, subdivided into twenty (20) zones, with a total of 201 barangays. The barangays don't have names but are only designated with sequential numbers. The largest zone with an area of 5.10 square kilometres (1.97 sq mi) is Zone 19, which covers barangays 178 and 191. The smallest zone with an area of 10 hectares (25 acres) is Zone 1, covering Barangays 1 to 3 and 14 to 17.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pasay
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 368,366 —    
1995 408,610 +1.96%
2000 354,908 −2.98%
2007 403,064 +1.77%
2010 392,869 −0.93%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Populated Places/Barangays in Pasay:

Local government[edit]

Elected officials (2013–2016):

  • Mayor: Antonino Calixto
  • Vice Mayor: Marlon Pesebre
  • Congresswoman: Imelda Calixto-Rubiano
  • Councilors 1st District:
    • Grace Santos
    • Jenny Roxas
    • Richard Advincula
    • Abet Alvina
    • Eduardo Advincula
    • Lex Ibay
  • Councilors 2nd District:
    • Allan Panaligan
    • Aileen Padua
    • Ian Vendivel
    • Arnel Regino Arceo
    • Reynaldo Padua
    • Arvin Tolentino

Economy[edit]

Headquarters of Philippine Airlines

Philippine Airlines is headquartered in the Philippine National Bank Financial Center beside the World Trade Center Manila in Pasay City.[6] Spirit of Manila Airlines has its headquarters in Roxas Sea Front Garden in Pasay City.[7] Cebu Pacific and Interisland Airlines have their headquarters on the grounds of Ninoy Aquino International Airport and in Pasay City.[8][9] Oishi (Liwayway), a snack company, also has its headquarters in Pasay.[10]

National government offices found in Pasay include: Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Senate of the Philippines, the Philippine Department of Trade and Industry's export promotions agency – the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM) – located in the International Trade Complex's Golden Shell Pavilion, and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA). The main office of the Philippine National Bank is located in the City.

LBC Express headquarters located at the Star Cruises Centre in Newport Cybertourism Zone of Pasay City.

Attractions and landmarks[edit]

The City is known for its entertainment – business-restaurants, coffee shops, and clubs, particularly those located along Roxas Boulevard, facing Manila Bay. A large part of Metro Manila's "tourist belt" is located in the City.

Most of the attractions in the city are on the grounds of the CCP (Cultural Center of the Philippines) Complex, including Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas (formerly Folk Arts Theater), Manila Film Center, Coconut Palace, Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP), Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC), World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM), Cuneta Astrodome, Aliw Theater, and theme parks Star City, Nayong Pilipino, and Boom na Boom.

Other landmarks include:

SM Mall of Asia[edit]

Pasay City is home to the headquarters of the SM Group of Companies and the SM Mall of Asia, touted as the second biggest mall in the Philippines which opened on May 21, 2006, It Also Used In SM Bay City Complex Developed By SMDC Which There Are SM Corporate Offices Includes As One & Two E Com Center, A Place Center, &, Fly Ace Corporate Center To Its Condominiums As Sea Residences, Shell Residences, and Mall of Asia Arena will be opened in 2012 which will be the biggest sports arena in the Philippines with the seat capacity of 20,000 and the new home of University Athletic Association of the Philippines and the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Also interesting is a budding strip of restaurants at the corner of EDSA Extension and Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Ave. It will also be the house of booming call center business industry in the Philippines due to vast land space available located in the reclamation area.

Panoramic view of the SM Mall of Asia, one of the largest shopping malls in the world.

Transportation[edit]

Ninoy Aquino International airport, the main gateway to the Philippines.

Airport[edit]

The city shares the location of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport with Parañaque City. Terminal 2 and Terminal 3, as well as the terminal of Manila Domestic Airport are located in Pasay City. Villamor Airbase of the Philippine Air Force is also located there. Access roads to the terminals are:

  • Terminal 2 (Centennial) – NAIA Road
  • Terminal 3 (New) – Andrews Avenue (adjacent to Villamor Air Base)
  • Domestic Terminal – Domestic Road

Rail[edit]

This city has 2 railways. The following railways are: LRT Line 1 and MRT Line 3. The depot of LRT 1 is located along Airport Road near Ninoy Aquino International Airport.

This city has 5 Railway Stations. The following are:

MRT-3: (with 1 Station)

LRT-1: (with 4 Stations)

Road network[edit]

Pasay City from the Libertad overpass
Pasay Rotonda(EDSA - Taft Ave.)

Pasay City is accessible through these following major roads:

Expressways:

Unity Run[edit]

On the List of largest running events in the world is based on the number of participants a record of 209,000 registered running enthusiasts participated Sunday’s 2012 Kahit Isang Araw Lang : Unity Run which started and ended at the SM Mall of Asia grounds in Pasay City.

The second edition of the race surpassed the Guinness World record of 116,086 participants posted in the Run for Pasig River on Oct 10, 2010.[11]

Festivals[edit]

Sto. Niño Festival (18th to 31st of January)
A yearly celebration in honor of the Sto. Niño marked by the opening of an exhibit featuring various Sto. Niño images. Highlighting the event is a grand procession of the exhibited images.
Feast Day of Sta. Clara (2nd Sunday of February)
Childless couples, businessmen, politicians and grateful parents walk and dance along the streets as a thanksgiving for all the blessings they have previously received and to ask for other favor as well.
Serenata (2nd week of February)
A series of rondalla and brass band concerts. The Serenata is also a revival of open-air musical performances held at the Sta. Clara Church patio in celebration of the Saint Claire's feast day.
Tiburin Race (2nd week of February)
One of the highlights of the Sta. Clara feast day is the Tiburin Race, a horse race at Cementina and Libertad streets. About 100 horses have been trained solely for this event.
Malibay Cenakulo (Holy Week)
theatrical presentation depicting the life and passion of Jesus Christ usually held at Malibay Plaza during the season of Lent. Aside from the cenakulo, observance of Lent includes Visita Iglesia as well as a procession of centuries-old images borne by their decorative carrozas as an expression of faith.
Pasko ng Pagkabuhay (Easter Sunday)
An Easter celebration staged at the town plaza at 4:00 in the morning highlighted by the re-enactment of the meeting of Mary and the Risen Christ.
Aliwan Fiesta (3rd Week of April)
Aliwan Fiesta harnesses the power of Philippine festivals to showcase how religion, culture, and tradition are woven into the fiber of our existence. Traditional fiestas, which are held annually to commemorate the foundation of a town or province, or honoring its patron saint, are brought together en masse to highlight the Pinoy’s indomitable and ebullient spirit, together with his mien for creativity and innovation. With most major fiestas rooted in the pre-colonial period, there is understandably a festival sector that celebrates Nature’s bounty. Our Filipino forebears worshipped pagan gods who, to them, were responsible for bountiful harvests on land and sea.
Flores de Mayo (1st Sunday of May)
May time activity held in honor of the Virgin Mary highlighted by the Pag-aalay and procession of beautiful sagalas mostly celebrities, models and beauty queens.
Talulot Festival (October 6)
in honor of St. Therese of the Child Jesus in Newport, Pasay
Araw Ng Pasay (December 2)
The Foundation Day and Special Holiday in Pasay every December 2. Each barangays celebrate by having parlor games, beauty pageants, quiz bees in schools, etc.
Metro Manila Film Festival (3rd week of December)
Grand parade of floats along Roxas Boulevard of different movie entries to the yearly Metro Manila Film Festival.
World Pyro Olympics/The Philippine International Pyromusical Competition (no fixed date)
An annual international pyrotechnic competition amongst fireworks manufacturers, the largest of its kind in the world. It runs for five days for World Pyro Olympics and 6 weeks for The Philippine International Pyromusical Competition. This event showcases ten (10) participating countries, with nine displays from the competing countries and an exhibition display from the Host Country. Display shall be for the duration of twenty minutes and the pyrotechnics shall be launched from a barge situated in the waters of Manila Bay.
The host of the event does not participate in the competition but performs a fireworks display on the last night. Awards, such as the People’s Choice, are given out after the exhibition. The crowning of the World Pyro Olympics / Philippine International Pyromusical Competition's Winners ends the event.

Education[edit]

The following are the different schools in Pasay under the Department of Education (DepEd) – Division of Pasay:

Public[edit]

Elementary/primary schools

Pasay North District:

  • Padre Burgos Elem. School
  • Bernabe Elem. School
  • Rafael Palma Elem. School
  • Epifanio delos Santos Elem. School

Pasay East District:

  • Timoteo Paez Elem. School
  • Padre Zamora Elem. School
  • Marcela Marcelo Elem. School
  • Juan Sumulong Elem. School
  • Apelo Cruz Elem. School

Pasay West District:

  • Jose Rizal Elem. School
  • Andres Bonifacio Elem. School
  • Gotamco Elem. School
  • Cuneta Elem. School
  • P. Villanueva Elem. School

Pasay South District:

  • Villamor Air Base Elem. School
  • Maricaban Elem. School
  • Rivera Village Elem. School
  • Don Carlos Village Elem. School
  • Kalayaan Elem. School
Secondary schools
Special schools
  • Philippine School for the Deaf
  • Phil. National School for the Blind
  • Pasay City SPED Center
  • ALS Community Learning Center

Private[edit]

Elementary/primary and secondary schools
  • St. Mary's Academy – Pasay
  • Sta. Clara Parish School
  • San Isidro Catholic School
  • Blessed Elena Academy
  • Community of Praise Integrated School, Inc.
  • Domini Angelicus Integrated School
  • Gideon Academy
  • Golden Treasure Baptist Academy of Pasay
  • Great Beginnings Preschool
  • Pasay Adventist Church Elementary School
  • Pasay City Academy
  • Philippine Pasay Chung Hua Academy
  • San Jose Kindergarten School
  • St. Gabriel Academy of Paranaque
  • The Pear Tree Academy
  • Betty's Vermillion Academy
  • Brussels Learning Center
  • Guardian Angel Uriel School
  • Pasay Alliance Christian School
  • Young Achievers Learning Center
  • Capt. Wilijado P. Abuid Foundation
  • Grace Christian Community School
  • Pasay Pre-Schoolers Tutorial and Learning Center (Malibay)
  • Pasay Pre-Schoolers Tutorial and Learning Center (Revilla)
  • San Juan Nepomuceno School
  • Scoula Madonna Della Scala
  • Southeastern College
  • The Treehouse Child Development & Learning Center
  • Infant King Learning Center
  • Integrated Montessori Center
  • MFP Academy
  • R and O Academy Inc.
  • St. Therese of the Child Jesus of the Holy Face School
  • Villamor Air Basr Christian School, Inc.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Nina Girado - a Filipino pop/R&B singer, occasional songwriter, record producer, TV and radio personality at ABS-CBN.
  • Pablo Cuneta - The Former Pasay City Mayor and Rizal Governor. Father of Sharon Cuneta.
  • Sharon Cuneta - a multi-awarded Filipino singer, actress and TV host dubbed The Megastar of Philippine Entertainment.
  • Anita Linda - is a two-time FAMAS award-winning and Gawad Urian award-winning Filipino film actress. A romantic lead in her youth, she later gained critical acclaim for her portrayals in maternal or elderly roles.
  • Maricel Laxa - is a Filipino comedian and actress. She performed in the 1992 movie "Iisa Pa Lamang" for which she won Best Supporting Actress awards in both the 1992 FAMAS Awards and 1992 Star Awards.
  • Fernando Lopez - Former 2-term Vice President of the Philippines.
  • Jeff Nice - a Filipino manga-artist most notable for his web manga, 300 Perfect Game and Psicom Publishing's Gold Manga anthology
  • Carl Guevarra - is a Filipino actor and model. He is the winner of the Be Bench / The Model Search.
  • Janice Javier - Third Placer of The Voice of the Philippines (season 1), Singer
  • Francisco V. Coching - a self-taught artist, Coching started with pen-and-ink drawings and later graduated to storytelling, via comics illustrations. His father was a novelist for a magazine, and Coching apprenticed under him at first. Under the tutelage of the acclaimed Tony Velasquez, creator of the "Kenkoy" series, Coching's first serious work was "Bing Bigotilyo," created in 1934. This was followed by "Marabini," a creation interrupted by World War II, during which he joined the ROTC Hunters, enlisting in its guerrilla group called the Kamagong Unit.
  • Lisa Macuja-Elizalde - is a Prima Ballerina. In 1984, she became the first Filipina prima ballerina, and first foreign soloist to ever join the Kirov Ballet.
  • Ron Morales - is a Filipino model, actor and performer. He currently appears on various ABS-CBN shows.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "City Profile". asay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kingdom of Namayan". About Pasay. Pasay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.elaput.com/ntsk13.htm
  6. ^ "About PAL." Philippine Airlines. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  7. ^ "Contact Us." Spirit of Manila Airlines. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
  8. ^ "Call Center / Guest Services / Product Ideas." Cebu Pacific. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  9. ^ "Contact Information." Interisland Airlines. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  10. ^ "Privacy Policy." Oishi. Retrieved on April 5, 2014. "Liwayway Marketing Corporation 2225 Tolentino St. Brgy. 129, Pasay City"
  11. ^ Calapre, Frank (23 January 2012). "Unity Run sets record participants". Manila Times. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 

External links[edit]