Paschal troparion

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The Paschal troparion or Christos anesti (Greek: Χριστὸς ἀνέστη) is the characteristic hymn for the celebration of Pascha (Easter) in the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite.

Like most troparia it is a brief stanza often used as a refrain between the verses of a Psalm, but is also used on its own. Its authorship is unknown. It is nominally sung in Tone Five, but often is sung in special melodies not connected with the Octoechos. It is often chanted thrice (three times in succession).

Usage[edit]

The troparion is first sung during the Paschal Vigil at the end of the procession around the church which takes place at the beginning of Matins. When all are gathered before the church's closed front door, the clergy and faithful take turns chanting the troparion, and then it is used as a refrain to a selection of verses from Psalms 67 and 117 (this is the Septuagint numbering; the KJV numbering is 68 and 118):

Let God arise, let His enemies be scattered; let those who hate Him flee from before His face (Ps. 68:1)
As smoke vanishes, so let them vanish; as wax melts before the fire (Ps. 68:2a)
So the sinners will perish before the face of God; but let the righteous be glad (Ps. 68:2b)
This is the day which the Lord hath made, let us rejoice and be glad in it. (Ps. 118:24)

In the remainder of the Vigil it is sung after each ode of the canon, at the end of the Paschal stichera at the Aposticha, thrice at the dismissal of Matins, and at the beginning and end of the Paschal Hours. It is chanted again with the same selection of Psalm verses at the beginning of the Divine Liturgy, at the Little Entrance, during and following Communion, and at the dismissal of the Liturgy. It is then chanted again with the refrains at the beginning of Vespers, and at the dismissal of Vespers. This same pattern persists throughout Bright Week.

After Thomas Sunday (the Sunday after Pascha), it is either sung or read thrice at the beginning of most services and private prayers in place of the usual invocation of the Holy Spirit, "O Heavenly King", and at the dismissals, during the 39-day paschal afterfeast; that is, up to and including the day before the Ascension of the Lord.

Text[edit]

The troparion was originally composed in Koine Greek, but it is usually sung either in the local liturgical language, or in the vernacular where it is not the same. In recent years, the custom has developed of chanting the Paschal troparion in a number of different languages.

Greek Typical English Translation Byzantine Catholic, Ruthenian Rite
Χριστὸς ἀνέστη ἐκ νεκρῶν,
θανάτῳ θάνατον πατήσας,
καὶ τοῖς ἐν τοῖς μνήμασι,
ζωὴν χαρισάμενος!


Transliteration:

Christós anésti ek nekrón,
thanáto thánaton patísas,
ké tís en tís mnímasi,
zoín charisámenos!
Christ is risen from the dead,
Trampling down death by death,
And upon those in the tombs
Bestowing life!
Christ is risen from the dead!
By death he trampled Death;
and to those in the tombs
he granted life.

In Other Languages[edit]

In multicultural Orthodox parishes and communities, during the Paschal Vigil and during the Vespers the following afternoon, it is not uncommon for the troparion to be performed in as many languages as are represented in the parish or as the choir can manage. This is to share the universal aspect of the Paschal Troparion for all of humanity.

Language Translation Transliteration
Albanian Krishti u-ngjall se vdékuresh,
me vdékjé vdékjén shkéli
édhé te varrosurvé u fali jéten!
Arabic
المسيح قام من بين الأموات
و وطئ الموت بالموت
و وهب الحياة
للذين في القبور
Al-Masīh qām min baīni'l-amwāt
Wa wati’ al-mawt bi'l-mawt
Wa wahab al-hayāt
Lil-ladhīna fī'l-qubūr!
Basque Piztu da Kristo hiletarik,
Hilez garbaitu du herioa,
piztuz ateratzen gaitzu gure hobietarik!
Belarusian
(Cyrillic orthography)
Хрыстос уваскрос зь мёртвых,
Сьмерцю сьмерць зваяваў
І тым, што ў магілах
Жыцьцё дараваў!
[1]
Khrystos uvaskros z' myortvykh,
S'myertsyu s'myerts' zvayavaw
I tym, shto w mahilakh
Zhyts'tsyo daravaw
Belarusian
(Latin orthography)
Chrystos uvaskros ź miortvych,
Śmierciu śmierć zvajavaŭ
I tym, što ŭ mahiłach
Zyćcio daravaŭ
Khrystos uvaskros z' myortvykh,
S'myertsyu s'myerts' zvayavaw
I tym, shto w mahilakh
Zhyts'tsyo daravaw
Bulgarian Христос възкръсна от мъртвите,
като със смърт смъртта потъпка
и на тия, които са в гробовете,
дарува живот.
Chinese E基督已經從死裡復活,
他的死勝過死亡,
把生命賜給已埋葬在墓中的人。
jidu yijing cong sili fuhuo,
ta de si shengguo siwang,
ba shengming cigei yi maizang
zai muzhong de ren.
Church Slavonic Хс҄рсто́съ воскрє́сє ᾿иꙁъ мє́ртвъіхъ,
смє́ртїю смє́рть попра́въ,
᾿и су́щимъ во гробѣ́хъ Живо́тъ дарова́въ.

Paschal troparion in Royal Russian
This language is not well-supported on many systems,
so it may not appear as intended here.
Khristos voskrese iz mertvykh,
Smertiyu smert poprav,
E sushchim vo grobekh
Zhivot darovav!
Church Slavonic
Earlier version (currently only
used by the Old Believers)
Хрїстосъ воскресе изъ мертвыхъ,
Смертїю на смерть настѹпи,
И грѡбным животъ дарова!
Khristos voskrese iz mertvykh
Smertiyu na smert nastupi
I grobnym zhivot darova!
Czech Vstal z mrtvých Kristus,
smrtí smrt překonal
a jsoucím ve hrobech,
život daroval!
Dutch Christus is opgestaan uit de doden,
door Zijn dood vertreedt Hij de dood
en schenkt het Leven
aan hen in het graf!
Eastern Armenian K’ristos haryav i mereloc’.
Mahvamb zmah koxeac’
yev merelyac’
kyank pargevec’av.
Filipino Si Kristo ay nabuhay mula sa mga patay,
Sa pamamagitan ng kanyang kamatayan,
nilupig niya ang kamatayan,
At ang mga nasa himlayan
Ay binigyan niya ng buhay!
Finnish Kristus nousi kuolleista,
kuolemallaan kuoleman voitti
ja haudoissa oleville elämän antoi.
French Le Christ est ressuscité des morts;
par la mort, il a vaincu la mort;
à ceux qui sont dans les tombeaux
il a donné la vie!
Georgian ქრისტე აღსდგა მკვდრეთით,
სიკვდილითა სიკვდილისა დამთრგუნველი
და საფლავების შინათა
ცხოვრების მიმნიჭებელი!
Kriste aghsdga mkvdretit,
sikvdilita sikvdilisa damtrgunveli,
da saplavebis shinata
tskhovrebis mimnichebeli.
German Christus ist auferstanden von den Toten
hat den Tod durch den Tod zertreten
und denen in den Gräbern das Leben geschenkt!
Hawaiian Ua ala a'e nei 'o Kristo mai ka moe lepo,
e hehi ʻana i ka make ma o kona make a;
i nā mea i loko o nā ilina e manawale'a ana aku i ke ola!
Hungarian Feltámadt Krisztus halottaiból,
legyőzte halállal a halált,
és a sírban lévőknek életet ajándékozott!
Indonesian Kristus t'lah bangkit dari mati
Dengan matinya t'lah menginjak-injak maut
Dan pada mereka yang di kuburan hidup dianugerahkan!
Italian Cristo è risorto dai morti,
Con la morte ha vinto la morte,
E a quelli nelle tombe
Ha donato la vita!
Japanese ハリストス死より復活し、
死を以て死を滅ぼし、
墓に在る者に
生命を賜へり。
Harisutosu shi yori fukkatsu shi,
shi o motte shi o horoboshi,
haka ni aru mono ni
inochi o tamaeri.
Kapampangan Y Cristo sinubli yang mebie qng Camatayan.
Qng panga'mate na menagumpe ya qng Camatayan,
at bi'nie na ing bie careng Maca'cutcut.
Korean 그리스도께서 부활하셨네
죽음으로 죽음을 멸하시고
무덤에 있는 자들에게
생명을 베푸셨나이다!
Geu'ri'seu'do-gge'seo bu'hwal-ha'shyeott'ne
jug'eum-eu'ro jug'eum-eul myeol-ha'shi'go
mu'deom-e itt'neun ja'deul-e'ge
saeng'myeong-eul be'pu-shyeott'na'i'da!
Latin Christus resurrexit a mortuis,
Morte mortem calcavit,
Et entibus in sepulchris
Vitam donavit.
Latvian Kristus no miroņiem augšāmcēlies,
Nāvi ar nāvi iznīcinājis
Un tiem, kas kapos,
Dzīvību dāvinājis!
Lithuanian Kristus prisikėlė iš numirusių,
Savo mirtimi mirtį nugalėjo,
Mirusiems gyvybę dovanojo
Palauan Kristus a mla mekiis ra kodall,
Sirreihi a kodall loba kodall,
el kirel ar ngara debull el nguu a klengar.
Pingelapese Krais isada sang mehla,
kaluwehdiehr mehla pwehki ah pwoula,
oh ketkiheng irail nan sousou mour.
Polish Chrystus powstał z martwych,
śmiercią podeptał śmierć
i będącym w grobach
życie dał!
Khristoos povstaoo z martvykh,
Smercioo podeptaoo smierts,
E bendontsim v grobah
Zhitse daoo!
Portuguese Cristo ressuscitou dos mortos,
pisando a morte com a morte,
e dando a vida aos sepultados.
Romanian Hristos a înviat din morţi,
Cu moartea pre moarte călcând,
Şi celor din morminte,
Viaţă dăruindu-le!
Serbian Христос васкрсе из мртвих,
смрћу смрт уништи,
и онима који су у гробовима,
живот дарова!
Hristos vaskrse iz mrtvih,
Smrcu smrt unisti,
I onoma koji su u grobovima,
zivot darova!
Slovak Kristus slávne vstal z mŕtvych,
smrťou smrť premohol
a tým, čo sú v hroboch
život daroval!
Slovenian Kristus je vstal od mrtvih,
z vstajenjem je premagal smrt
in tistim, ki so v grobovih,
je daroval življenje!

or,

Kristus je vstal od mrtvih,
z vstajenjem je premagal smrt,
in dal življenje
mrtvim v grobeh!
Spanish Cristo ha resucitado de los muertos,
pisoteando la muerte por la muerte,
y a los que están en los sepulcros
dando la vida.

or,

Cristo ha resucitado de los muertos,
por la muerte, la muerte hollando;
y a los que están en las tumbas
la vida dando.
Turkish Mesih ölülerden dirildi,
ölüm ile ölümü tepeleyerek
ve mezarda olanlara hayat bağışladı.
Ukrainian Христос воскрес із мертвих,
смертю смерть подолав,
і тим, що в гробах,
життя дарував!
Khrystos voskres iz mertvykh,
Smertiu smert podolav,
I tym shcho v hrobakh
Zhyttia daruvav!

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Nadsan 2002] а. Аляксандр Надсан. "Госпаду памолімся", Божым шляхам, Лёндан 2002.

External links[edit]