Pascual Ortiz Rubio

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Pascual Ortiz Rubio
Rubio Pascual, portrait.jpg
Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
42nd President of Mexico
In office
February 5, 1930 – September 4, 1932
Preceded by Emilio Portes Gil
Succeeded by Abelardo L. Rodríguez
Personal details
Born (1877-03-10)March 10, 1877
Morelia, Michoacán
Died November 4, 1963(1963-11-04) (aged 86)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican
Political party National Revolutionary Party
Spouse(s) Josefa de Ortiz

Pascual Ortiz Rubio (Spanish pronunciation: [pasˈkwal orˈtis ˈruβjo]; March 10, 1877 – November 4, 1963) was a Mexican politician and the President of Mexico from 1930 to 1932.


He was born in Morelia, Michoacán, as the son of Pascual Ortiz de Ayala y Huerta and Lenor Rubio Cornelis. He served as president from 1930 to 1932, having previously served as Governor of Michoacán from 1917 to 1918 and as secretary of communications from 1920 to 1921.

Pascual Ortiz stood in the election of November 17, 1929 as the candidate of the newly formed National Revolutionary Party, the forerunner of the PRI. His defeated opponent was José Vasconcelos, a former minister of education, national luminary against corruption and Calles's authoritarian rule,[1] and candidate of the Anti-Re-election Party, by a margin of 700,000 votes.[2]

However, Ortiz was an ineffective leader.[3] Alleging excessive interference in his presidency by former president Plutarco Elías Calles, whom Ortiz demonstrated independence from while in office,[1] and still seriously shaken by an attempt on his life at the very start of his mandate,[3] he resigned the presidency on September 4, 1932. He was succeeded by interim president Abelardo L. Rodríguez.

Political offices
Preceded by
Emilio Portes Gil
President of Mexico
Succeeded by
Abelardo L. Rodríguez