Pashta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pashta
פַּשְׁטָא֙ ֙ אָדָם֙
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnahta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tipeha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Pashta (Hebrew: פַּשְׁטָא) is a common cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. It is part of the Katan group. Its mark symbol is identical to that of the Kadma.

While Kadma and Pashta use the same symbol, Pashta is distinct from Kadma in the placement of the symbol. Kadma is always placed on the first syllable of the word, while Pashta is placed on the last syllable.[1]

The Hebrew word פַּשְׁטָא֙ translates into English as stretching out.

Occurrences[edit]

In the Katan group, the Pashta can be found either following a Mahpach, or with the Mahpach absent. Following the Pashta will either be a Munach-Zakef katan or just a Zakef katan.

The Pashta can also occur before the Segol group.

Numbers of occurrences[edit]

Book Number of appearances
Torah 5429[2]
   Genesis 1428[2]
   Exodus 1134[2]
   Leviticus 777[2]
   Numbers 1055[2]
   Deuteronomy 1039[2]
Nevi'im 5935[3]
Ketuvim 3916[3]

Melody[edit]

Pashta.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chanting the Hebrew Bible By Joshua R. Jacobson, page 221
  2. ^ a b c d e f Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  3. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5