Pasithea

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For the moon of Jupiter, see Pasithee (moon).
For the plant genus, see Pasithea (plant).

In Greek mythology, Pasithea (Ancient Greek: Πασιθέα, "relaxation, hallucination"), or Pasithee, was one of the Charites (Graces), and the personification of relaxation, meditation and hallucinations. The Charites are usually said to be the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, but Pasithea's parentage is given (by the poet Nonnus) as Hera[1] and Dionysus.[2] She was married to Hypnos, the god of sleep.[3]

Family[edit]

Her sisters are Aglaea ("Splendor"), Euphrosyne ("Mirth"), and Thalia ("Good Cheer"). In Roman mythology they were known as the Gratiae, the "Graces".

In book 14 of the Homer's Iliad, Pasithea was one of the younger Charites, Hera promises her in marriage to Hypnos the god of sleep in exchange for a favor. Robert Graves thinks that Homer also mentions the names of two Charites, Pasithea and Cale ("Beauty"), but the two Charites Homer used for Hesiod's Aglaea.

Although the Graces usually numbered three, according to the Spartans, Cleta, not Thalia, was the third, and other Graces are sometimes mentioned including Auxo, Hegemone, Peitho and Phaenna.

Pasithea is also the name of one of the Nereids.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 31.103 ff.
  2. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 15.87 ff.; 33.4 ff.
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad, 14.268, 276
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony

References[edit]

External links[edit]