Paso Internacional Los Libertadores
|Los Libertadores Pass|
|Elevation||3,200 m (10,499 ft)|
|Location||Chile / Argentina|
The Paso Internacional Los Libertadores, also called Cristo Redentor, is a mountain pass in the Andes between Argentina and Chile. It is the main transport route out of Chilean capital city Santiago into Mendoza city in Argentina and so carries quite heavy traffic.
From the Argentine side the route to the pass is a slow, gentle incline until entering a tunnel at approximately 3,200 meters (10,500 ft) elevation. On the Chilean side the slope has a far higher grade, and the road descends down a long series of switchbacks to make the descent.
Opened in 1980, the tunnel is 3,080 m (10,105 ft) long, and serves as an important land crossing between Chile and Argentina. At the middle of the tunnel is the national border, which is the termini of Chile Route 60 and Argentina Route 7. The path can be closed during winter because of heavy snows blocking both ends and the threat of rockfall.
Alternative proposed tunnels
In order to ease the dependence on this only tunnel in the area and to permit year-round crossing, two lower tunnels have been proposed. One of them is the Túnel Juan Pablo II ("John Paul II Tunnel"), which would be constructed at an altitude of between 2,250 m (7,382 ft) and 2,720 m (8,924 ft), 20 km (12 mi) long, to join the towns of Horcones (Argentina) and Juncal (Chile).
Another proposed tunnel, named Paso Las Leñas ("Las Leñas Pass"), at an elevation of 2,050 m (6,726 ft) and 13 km (8 mi) of length, would connect El Sosneado in Argentina (near San Rafael) and Machalí, Chile.
- Official site of Cristo Redentor by Argentine National Gendarmerie
- Tunnels in Argentina
- Cristo Redentor Statue
- Updated state of different tunnels and crossings in Argentina
- Paso Las Leñas at UTN Facultad de San Rafael, Mendoza.
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