Passports of the European Economic Area

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The front cover of a contemporary Norwegian biometric passport EPassport logo.svg
The EEA area as of 2010
  EFTA member countries excluding Switzerland
  EU member state provisionally applying the agreement (Croatia)
Members

Ordinary passports issued by the European Economic Area member states (the European Union, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) or Switzerland can be used by citizens to exercise the right of free movement in the European Economic Area and Switzerland without a visa.[1]

As an alternative to holding a passport, EEA or Swiss citizens can also use a valid national identity card to enter and reside in the EEA and Switzerland without a visa.[2]

Use[edit]

Strictly speaking, it is not necessary for an EEA or Swiss citizen to possess a valid passport or national identity card to enjoy the right of free movement. In theory, if an EEA or Swiss citizen can prove his/her nationality by any other means (e.g. by presenting an expired passport or national identity card, or a citizenship certificate), he/she must be permitted to enter and reside in the EEA and Switzerland without a visa. An EEA or Swiss citizen who is unable to demonstrate his/her nationality satisfactorily must nonetheless be given 'every reasonable opportunity' to obtain the necessary documents or to have them delivered within a reasonable period of time.[3][4][5]

When entering some EEA countries, EEA and Swiss citizens possessing valid biometric passports are able to use automated gates instead of immigration counters. For example, when entering the United Kingdom, at major airports, adult holders of EEA or Swiss biometric passports can use ePassport gates, whilst all other EEA citizens (such as those using a national identity card or a non-biometric passport) must use an immigration counter.[6]

Common design features[edit]

Since the 1980s, member states of the European Union have started to harmonise aspects of the designs of their ordinary passports (but not other types of passports, such as diplomatic, service and emergency passports), as well as common security features and biometrics.[7]

Overall format[edit]

  • Paper size B7 (ISO/IEC 7810 ID-3, 88 mm × 125 mm)
  • 32 pages (passports with more pages can be issued to frequent travellers)
  • Colour of cover: burgundy red

Cover[edit]

Information on the cover, in this order, in the language(s) of the issuing state:

  • Name of the issuing state
  • Emblem of the state
  • The word "PASSPORT"
  • The Biometric Passport symbol: EPassport logo.svg

First page[edit]

Information on the first page, in one or more of the languages:

  • Name of the issuing state
  • The word "PASSPORT"
  • Serial number (may also be repeated on the other pages)

Identification page[edit]

In passports issued by the EU member states, information on the (possibly laminated) identification page, in the languages of the issuing state plus English and French, are accompanied by numbers that refer to an index that lists the meaning of these fields in all official EU languages. Passports issued in the EFTA member states do not necessarily list such references.

1. Surname 2. Forename(s)
3. Nationality 4. Date of birth
5. Sex 6. Place of birth
7. Date of issue     8. Date of expiry
9. Authority 10. Signature of holder

Following page[edit]

Optional information on the following page:

11. Residence 12. Height
13. Colour of eyes     14. Extension of the passport
15. Name at birth (if now using married name or have legally changed names)

Remaining pages[edit]

  • The following page is reserved for:
    • Details concerning the spouse of the holder of the passport (where a family passport is issued)
    • Details concerning children accompanying the holder (name, first name, date of birth, sex)
    • Photographs of the faces of spouse and children
  • The following page is reserved for use by the issuing authorities
  • The remaining pages are reserved for visa
  • The inside back cover is reserved for additional information or recommendations by the issuing state in its own official language(s)

Overview of passports[edit]

Member state Passport cover Biodata page Cost Validity Issuing authority Latest version EEA membership
Austria Austria

Reisepass at.jpg

  • 75,90€
  • 10 years (aged 12 or over)
  • 5 years (aged 2–11)
  • 2 years (aged 0–2)
16 June 2006 Yes
Belgium Belgium

Belgian Passport 2008 cover.jpg

  • 71 € (adults; 32 pages; in Belgium)
  • 41 € (children; 32 pages; in Belgium)
  • 240 € (adults; 64 pages; in Belgium)
  • 210 € (children; 64 pages; in Belgium)
  • 79 € (adults; 32 pages; overseas)
  • 35 € (children; 32 pages; overseas)
  • 240 € (adults; 64 pages; overseas)
  • 210 € (children; 64 pages; overseas)[8]
  • 5 years
  • Communes (in Belgium)
  • Belgian embassies and consulates (overseas)
1 February 2008 Yes
Bulgaria Bulgaria

Bulgarian eu passport.jpg

  • 40BGN / 20€ (adults aged 14–58; 32 pages)
  • 20BGN / 10€ (adults under 14; 32 pages)
  • 5 years

Ministry of Interior Affairs

29 March 2010 Yes
Croatia Croatia

Croatian biometric passport.jpg

Putovnica 2000-2009.jpg

  • 390 HRK
  • 10 years (adults aged 21 or over)
  • 5 years (adults aged under 21)
  • Ministry of the Interior Affairs of the Republic of Croatia
1 July 2009 EU member state Croatia finished negotiating their accession to the EEA in November 2013, and is since 12 April 2014 provisionally applying the agreement pending its ratification by all EEA countries.
Cyprus Cyprus
  • (€70; 32 pages)
  • 10 years
  • Civil Registry and Migration Department, Ministry of the Interior;
    Embassies and High Commissions of the Republic of Cyprus
13 December 2010 Yes
Czech Republic Czech Republic[9]

Czech passport 2007 cover.jpg

Czech passport 2006 MRZ data.jpg

  • CZK 600 (adults aged 15 or over)
  • CZK 100 (children under 15)
  • 10 years (adults aged 15 or over)
  • 5 years (children under 15)
  • the town hall of the applicant's place of permanent residence
  • abroad: consulates of the Czech Republic (except honorary consulates)
1 September 2006 Yes
Denmark Denmark

DK Passport Cover.jpg

  • DKK 625 (adults aged 18 or over; 32 pages)
  • DKK 140 (children aged under 18; 32 pages)
  • 10 years (adults)
  • 5 years (children under 18)
1 August 2006 Yes
Estonia Estonia

Eesti pass.jpg

  • 28,76 €
  • 5 years
22 May 2007 Yes
Finland Finland

Lithucover.jpg

FINpassportbiodatapage.png

  • €48[10]
  • €24 for veterans of Finnish wars
  • €48 temporary passport
  • €65 fast-track passport
  • €83 express passport
  • €80 emergency passport
  • €48 alien passport
21 August 2012 Yes
Åland Islands Åland Islands

Aland pas.jpg

  • 5 years
21 August 2012 Yes
France France
  • 10 years (adults)
  • 5 years (children under 18)
  • Préfecture offices (but forms can be addressed to any city hall)
  • French consulates (abroad)
12 April 2006 Yes
Germany Germany

Biometrie reisepass deutsch.jpg

Mustermann Reisepass 2007.jpg

  • 37,50 € (applicants under 24; 32 pages)
  • 59 € (adults aged 24 or over; 32 pages)
  • 10 years (adults aged 24 or over)
  • 6 years (applicants under 24)
Municipal registration office 11 November 2007 Yes
Greece Greece

Greek Passport.svg

Greek passport biodata page.png

  • 84,40€ (adults)
  • 73,60€ (children)
  • 5 years (applicants aged 15 or over)
  • 2 years (children under 15)
National Passport Centre ("Διεύθυνση Διαβατηρίων/Αρχηγείο Ελληνικής Αστυνομίας") 28 August 2006 Yes
Hungary Hungary

Hungarian Passport Cover.jpg

Hungarian passport biodata page.png

  • 7500 HUF (5 years)
  • 14000 HUF (10 years)
  • 5 years
  • 10 years

Registration Office (Nyilvántartó Hivatal)

1 March 2012 Yes
Iceland Iceland

Icelandic Passport Front Cover.jpg

  • 10 years (adults)
Yes
Republic of Ireland Ireland

Eirepas.JPG

  • 10 years (adults)
  • 3 or 5 years (children)
Consular and Passport Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs Yes
Italy Italy

Passaportoitaliano2006.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 18 or over)
  • 5 years (applicants aged 3-17)
  • 3 years (children under 3)[13]
Minister of Foreign Affairs through
  • Local quaestor (in Italy)
  • Consulates and embassies (abroad)[14]
20 May 2010 Yes
Latvia Latvia

LV-paseB.jpg

LV-pase-4.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 60 or over)
  • 5 years (applicants aged 5–59)
  • 2 years (children under 5)
20 November 2007 Yes
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein

FürstentumLiechtensteinReisepassCover.jpg

Yes
Lithuania Lithuania

Pasas2008.gif

  • 150LTL/48€ (adults; 32 pages;)
  • 75LTL/24€ (children; 32 pages;)
  • 200LTL/65€ (adults; 32 pages; issued in five working days)
  • 250LTL/79€ (adults; 32 pages; issued in 24 hours)
  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children aged 5–15)
  • 2 years (children under 5)
27 January 2011 Yes
Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • 30€ (5 year passports)
  • 20€ (2 year passports)
  • 5 years (applicants aged 4 or over)
  • 2 years (applicants under 4)
Passport Office, Luxembourg 1 July 2011 Yes
Malta Malta 29 September 2008 Yes
Netherlands The Netherlands

Nederlanden paspoort 2011.jpg

  • 50.35€ (maximum, all ages 34-page passport; individual municipalities determine the rate[15])
  • 84.88€ (adults; 34 pages; overseas[16])
  • 5 years (will become 10 years in the near future)[17]
  • Gemeente (Municipality)
9 March 2014 Yes
Norway Norway

Norwegian passport.jpg

  • NOK 270 (children under 16)
  • NOK 450 (adults aged 16 or older)
  • 2 years (aged 0–4)
  • 3 years (aged 5–9)
  • 5 years (aged 10–15)
  • 10 years (aged 16 and older)
Norwegian Police Service 1 April 2011 Yes
Poland Poland

Polska ePaszport.jpg

Polish passport biodata page.png

Application made within Poland:
  • 140 zł (for applicants aged between 13 and 70)
  • 30 zł (for applicants aged under 13)

Application made through a Polish consulate:

  • 106 € (applicants aged between 13 and 70)
  • 36 € (applicants aged under 13)

In both cases:

  • free for applicants aged 70 and over
  • certain classes of applicants qualify for a 50% discount of a relevant fee
  • 10 years (applicants aged 13 and over)
  • 5 years (applicants aged under 13)
1 January 2006 Yes
Portugal Portugal Portuguese passport.JPG
  • 5 years (applicants aged 5 or over)
  • 2 years (children under 5)
25 May 2009 Yes
Romania Romania

Romanian Passport.jpg

  • 276 RON / 59€ (5 years passports)
  • 116 RON / 25€ (1 year passports)
  • 5 years (applicants aged 6 or over)
  • 3 years (applicants under 6)
  • 1 year (temporary passport)
Ministry of Administration and Interior (General Directorate for Passports) 26 April 2006 Yes
Slovakia Slovakia

Slovakian ePassport.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children aged 5–15)
  • 2 years (children under 5)
15 January 2008 Yes
Slovenia Slovenia

Slovenian eu passport.jpg

28 August 2006 Yes
Spain Spain

Pasaporte Español 2009.jpg

  • 25€
  • No expiry (adults over 70)
  • 10 years (adults aged 30–70)
  • 5 years (applicants under 30)
14 August 2006 Yes
Sweden Sweden
  • 350 SEK
  • 5 years
  • Swedish Police Authority
2 January 2012 Yes
Switzerland Switzerland

Swiss Pass 2006.jpg

  • CHF 60 (children)
  • CHF 140 (adults)
  • 10 years (aged 18 or over)
  • 5 years (aged 0–17)
1 March 2010 EFTA member state Switzerland is not a formal part of the EEA, but is through a series agreements a part of the area in practical sense in many areas.
United Kingdom United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom

  • £72.50 (adults; 32 pages)
  • £85.50 (adults; 48 pages)
  • £46 (children)

Western European Passport Service: Paris Embassy

  • €170 (exc. courier fee) (adults; 32 pages)
  • €205 (exc. courier fee) (adults; 48 pages)
  • €108 (exc. courier fee) (children)
  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children under 16)
5 October 2010 Yes
Gibraltar Gibraltar

Passport of Gibraltar.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children under 16)
Civil Status and Registration Office, Gibraltar 6 September 2006 Yes
Guernsey Guernsey
(Note that only those who have a connection to the United Kingdom (e.g. they have lived in the UK for five years, or born in the UK, or have parents or grandparents born in the UK) are EU citizens.)

Guernsey passport.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children under 16)
Passport Office of the Customs and Immmigration Department 25 September 2006
Isle of Man Isle of Man
(Note that only those who have a connection to the United Kingdom (e.g. they have lived in the UK for five years, or born in the UK, or have parents or grandparents born in the UK) are EU citizens.)

Isle of man passport.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children under 16)
Chief Secretary's Office of the Isle of Man Government 6 October 2006
Jersey Jersey
(Note that only those who have a connection to the United Kingdom (e.g. they have lived in the UK for five years, or born in the UK, or have parents or grandparents born in the UK) are EU citizens.)

Jersey passport.jpg

  • 10 years (adults aged 16 or over)
  • 5 years (children under 16)
Passport Office, Jersey Government 9 October 2006

Gallery of EEA passports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


External links[edit]