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Pastoral farming (also known in some regions as livestock farming or grazing) is farming aimed at producing livestock, rather than growing crops. Examples include dairy farming, raising beef cattle, and raising sheep for wool. In contrast, mixed farming is growing of both crops and livestock on the same farm. Pastoral farmers are also known as graziers and in some cases pastoralists. Some pastoral farmers grow crops purely as fodder for their livestock; some crop farmers grow fodder and sell it to pastoral farmers.
Pastoral farming is a non-nomadic form of pastoralism in which the livestock farmer has some form of ownership of the land used, giving the farmer more economic incentive to improve the land. Possible improvements include drainage (in wet regions), stock tanks (in dry regions), irrigation and sowing clover.
There are two main types of pastoral farming: intensive pastoral farming and extensive pastoral farming.
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