Pastorela

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Marcabru

The pastorela (Old Occitan [pastuˈɾɛla], "little/young shepherdess") was an Occitan lyric genre used by the troubadours. It gave rise to the Old French pastourelle. The central topic was always meeting of a knight with a shepherdess, which may lead to any of a number of possible conclusions. They are usually humorous pieces. The genre was allegedly invented by Cercamon, whose examples did not survive, and most famously taken up by his (alleged) pupil Marcabru.

Table of pastorelas[edit]

Only few pastorelas have survived; Audiau counts 24 "true" Old Occitan ones, mentioning 10 others which resemble them but belong to other genres and one which is a translation from French.[1] Zemp reduces this number further, to 17.[2]

Composer Incipit Notes
Marcabru L'autr' ier jost' una sebissa
Marcabru L'autr' ier, a l'issida d'abriu
Giraut de Bornelh L'autrier, lo primier jorn d'aost
Giraut de Bornelh Lo dous chan d'un auzel
Gavaudan Desamparatz, ses companho
Gavaudan L'autre dia per un mati
Cadenet L'autrier lonc un bosc folhos
Gui d'Ussel L'autre jorn cost' una via
Gui d'Ussel L'autr' ier cavalcava
Gui d'Ussel L'autre jorn per aventura
Paulet de Marselha L'autrier manei ab cor pensiu
Guiraut Riquier L'autre jorn m'anava 1260
Guiraut Riquier L'autr' ier trobei la bergeira d'antan 1262
Guiraut Riquier Gaia, pastorela 1264
Guiraut Riquier L'autr' ier trobei la bergeira 1267
Guiraut Riquier D'Astarac venia 1276
Guiraut Riquier A Sant Pos de Tomeiras 1282
Joan Esteve L'autr' ier al gai tems de Pascor 1275
Joan Esteve El dous tems quan la flor sesplan 1285
Joan Esteve Ogan al freg que fazia 1288
Guiraut d'Espanha ? Per amor soi gai
Cerverí de Girona Entre Lerida e Belvis
Cerverí de Girona Entre Caldes e Penedes
Cerverí de Girona En mai, can per la calor
Cerverí de Girona Pres d'un jardi, encontrei l'altredia
Joyos de Tolosa L'autr' ier el dous tems de Pascor
Guilhem d'Autpol L'autr' ier a l'issida d'abril
Anonymous L'autrier al quint jorn d'Abril
Anonymous Quant escavalcai l'autr' er Called a balada.
Anonymous Mentre per una ribeira Entitled Porquieira.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Audiau, Jean (1923). La pastourelle dans la poésie occitane du Moyen Âge. Paris: E. De Boccard. p. 6. 
  2. ^ Zemp, Josef (1978). Les poésies du troubadour Cadenet. Berne: Peter Lang. p. 108. ISBN 3-261-03019-4. 

References[edit]

  • Jeanroy, Alfred. La poésie lyrique des troubadours. Toulouse: Privat, 1934.