Pat McQuaid

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Pat McQuaid
Patrick McQuaid.jpg
Pat McQuaid in 2011
Personal information
Full name Patrick McQuaid
Born (1949-09-05) 5 September 1949 (age 65)
Dublin, Ireland
Team information
Discipline Road
Professional team(s)
1978–1979 Viking–Campagnolo
Major wins
MaillotIrlanda.PNG Road Race Champion 1974
Tour of Ireland 1975 & 1976
Tour of the Pennines 1978
Infobox last updated on
3 November 2009

Patrick "Pat" McQuaid (born 5 September 1949 in Dublin) is an Irish former professional road racing cyclist and former president of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).[1] Following his cycling career, McQuaid moved into race promotion and administration.

Background[edit]

McQuaid comes from a cycling family, with his father Jim and uncle Paddy being top cyclists. Jim and Madge McQuaid raised 10 children, seven sons and three daughters. All seven sons raced. Paul, Oliver and Darach McQuaid, the youngest of the ten, as well as his cousin John McQuaid represented Ireland in world road championships and the Olympic road race. In addition, there are 3 'McQuaid cycles' bicycle shops in Dublin and Kieron McQuaid is today the second largest importer of bikes in Ireland.[2]

Cycling career[edit]

McQuaid raced from 1966 to 1982, starting as a junior and then nationally and internationally as a senior. He was Irish national road champion in 1974 and won the Tour of Ireland in 1975 and 1976. He also won the Shay Elliott Memorial Race. At the end of his career, he rode for the Viking Cycles pro team in Britain

He was banned from entering the 1976 Olympics after being caught racing in South Africa, in contravention of the anti-apartheid sporting boycott. He had entered the race using a false name, but was identified after being photographed by a press photographer. [3][4][5]

Cycling administration[edit]

After his career, McQuaid worked as a teacher but stayed involved in cycling. He was national team director from 1983 to 1986. He has also been director of the Tour de Langkawi in Malaysia, the Tour of China, and the Tour of Philippines. He was president of the Irish Cycling Federation from 1996 to 1999. McQuaid served eight years as the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) road commission chairman.[6] From 2006 to 2013, he was President of the UCI.[7]

In July 2007, during the Tour de France, a struggle pitted McQuaid against the Tour's organizers, Amaury Sport Organisation. Among tactics was McQuaid's publicising a telephone call with the Tour's race director, then demanding an apology for the conversation.[8] In addition, before and during the 2007 UCI Road World Championships in Stuttgart, McQuaid had a feud with Stuttgart's minister of sports, Susanne Eisenmann. She wanted to ban Paolo Bettini because he refused the UCI anti-doping pledge, a plan which backfired.[9] The German broadsheet Süddeutsche Zeitung accused McQuaid of flip-flopping on doping, on one hand maintaining that "there is no doping case of Michael Rasmussen" and defending Bettini, on the other stating he wanted to fine Patrik Sinkewitz and Alexandre Vinokourov.[10] Spiegel magazine doubted McQuaid's commitment against doping.[11]

He commented on WADA Chief Dick Pound, who had a conflict with UCI. Regarding Pound, McQuaid said: "As far as we're concerned he lacks credibility and he's got a knife in our sport". "He continues to make statements about cycling. I understand he's leaving next year and the sooner the better." [12] The lawsuit was settled in 2009.[13]

In October 2012, McQuaid said Lance Armstrong "has no place in cycling and deserves to be forgotten" when the UCI stripped Armstrong of his Tour de France victories and banned him from cycling for life after the UCI accepted the USADA's report of Armstrong.

In January 2013, Sunday Times journalist David Walsh said in an interview with Global Cycling Network (GCN)—referring to the battle against doping in cycling sport on a global scale—that "cycling needs new leadership" and that Greg LeMond "could serve as interim UCI president in an effort to pressure Pat McQuaid to leave his post".[14]

On 29 January 2013, WADA said it is "dismayed" by the way cycling's global governing body has handled the fallout from the Lance Armstrong affair and accused it of being "deceitful" and "arrogant". John Fahey, the president of WADA, concluded that "UCI has again chosen to ignore its responsibility" to cycling.[15]

In April 2013, the Irish Times reported that "Pat McQuaid has secured the nomination of Cycling Ireland to stand as president of the International Cycling Union (UCI) for a third term despite being heavily criticised during the inquest into the Lance Armstrong doping scandal."[16] In the article, McQuaid is quoted as saying "I put myself forward to serve another term as UCI president on my record of developing the sport throughout the world and on combating the scourge of doping in cycling." It subsequently transpired that the meeting of the directors of Cycling Ireland at which McQuaid's nomination was agreed was not carried out in accordance with the constitution of the organisation. As a result of an outcry following the initial meeting and intense lobbying by members of Cycling Ireland, the Board decided the decision was best left to its membership and called an Extraordinary General Meeting to discuss the nomination on 15 June 2013. At the meeting, McQuaid lost the vote and therefore was unsuccessful in his bid to be nominated by Cycling Ireland for a third term as president of the world governing body, the UCI. [dated info]

On Friday 27 September 2013, Pat McQuaid lost in a clear vote the presidential election of the International Cycling Union (UCI) against Brian Cookson. The election took place at the UCI Congress in Florence. Cookson ousted McQuaid by taking 24 of the available 42 votes. Cookson and McQuaid were the only two candidates in the election. McQuaid, who had been in office since 2005, had pledged not to launch a legal challenge should he be defeated.[17][18]

Corruption allegations and defamation lawsuits[edit]

McQuaid has been involved in defamation lawsuits in Switzerland against people who accused UCI of corruption and collusion in regards to doping. One was a threatened suit against Greg LeMond.[19][20][21] McQuaid (along with Hein Verbruggen) was also involved in the UCI's lawsuit against Floyd Landis in 2011 and another against Paul Kimmage in 2012. The case against Landis was ruled in UCI's favour in Swiss court, although Landis maintains he was not given notification, so it proceeded without him or any defence.[22]

In September 2013, a summary report of a longer 54-page dossier was leaked to the press, and contained the allegation that McQuaid had solicited a €250,000 bribe from a cycling team owner to promote the team. Other allegations included the accusation that the UCI had sought payment to cover up Alberto Contador's 2010 positive drug test, and that McQuaid made private arrangements with Lance Armstrong regarding drugs testing and race appearances. McQuaid has denied all the allegations[23]

Awards[edit]

In March 2008, McQuaid was promoted to Commander in the Order of the Ivory Coast Sporting Merit (Commandeur dans l'ordre du mérite sportif de Côte d'Ivoire).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pat McQuaid loses presidency of world cycling union". Irish Time Online. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  2. ^ McQuaid family about.shtml celtictrails.com
  3. ^ "An interview with Pat McQuaid by Shane Stokes". Cyclingnews. Retrieved 16 April 2007. 
  4. ^ "Interview: who is Pat McQuaid and why is he running our sport?". Cycle Sport Online. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pat McQuaid: profile of the president of the International Cycling Union". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "UCI president McQuaid: Globalizing the sport – Part 2". Velonews. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2007. 
  7. ^ "The McQuaid family's involvement in Irish cycling". Celtictrials. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  8. ^ Pugmire, Jerome (23 July 2007). "Cycling chief McQuaid demands apology from Tour director Prudhomme". Associated Press. Retrieved 23 July 2007. 
  9. ^ Bettini cleared to race
  10. ^ Radsport beerdigt sich, sueddeutsche.de. "McQuaid [said]: "Es gibt keinen Dopingfall Rasmussen.'‘ ... Amüsant mutet es wiederum an, dass McQuaid ankündigte, die UCI werde sich nun von Dopingsündern wie Winokurow oder Sinkewitz Geld zurückholen, da dies ja per Ehrenerklärung abgemacht sei. Doch hat nicht McQuaid in Stuttgart die Erklärung im Falle des renitenten Weltmeisters Bettini "juristisch nicht bindend'‘genannt?" – relevant passages translated : McQuaid said "There is no doping case against Rasmussen." However, it is amusing to see that McQuaid was said to demand money from doped athletes Vinkourov and Sinkewitz, because they are bound by a promise (the UCI anti doping pledge); however, he called the same pledge "legally not binding" with Bettini.
  11. ^ Die WM der Amateure, spiegel.de; "UCI-Präsident McQuaid, ... ist eine Witzfigur, ein Grüßaugust, der sich freut, wenn er den Fahrern vor einem Rennen die Hand schütteln darf und ihnen danach die Medaillen umhängt. ... ist eine Witzfigur... Im Kampf gegen Doping gehen dem Iren jegliches Durchsetzungsvermögen und vermutlich auch der rechte Wille ab." – "UCI president McQuaid... is a laughing stock who is happy to shake athletes' hands and give them medals ... in the fight against doping he is lacking assertiveness and the will to change things."
  12. ^ [1], BBC Sport – Cycling, 23 September 2006, retr 2012 10 13
  13. ^ [2], Velonews, 17 December 2009, Retrieved 13 October 2012
  14. ^ Walsh on LeMond: Enduring the vengeance of Armstrong, article written by Neal Rogers and published on 12 January 2013 velonews.competitor.com
  15. ^ Wada 'dismayed' by UCI's handling of Lance Armstrong fallout, article written by Owen Gibson and published on 29 January 2013 guardian.co.uk
  16. ^ McQuaid secures Cycling Ireland nomination for third UCI term, article published on 13 April 2013 irishtimes.com
  17. ^ Pat McQuaid defeated in cycling's presidential election, theguardian.com, Friday 27 September 2013, retrieved 19 January 2014.
  18. ^ Former UCI chief Pat McQuaid had laptop seized after election loss, theguardian.com, Thursday 24 October 2013, retrieved 19 January 2014.
  19. ^ Greg LeMond – 'Cycling is dying through Drugs' at Play the Game Conference on YouTube, Play the Game Conference, Coventry University, 2009 Jun 12, retr 2012 10 14
  20. ^ Greg LeMond – ‘Cycling is dying through drugs’, Coventry University, Play the Game Conference, 2009 Jun 12, retr 2012 10 14
  21. ^ UCI's failure to silence LeMond, Daniel Benson and Susan Westemeyer, Cycling News, 4 October 2012
  22. ^ Swiss court finds in UCI's favour in Landis defamation case, Cycling News, 4 October 2012, retr 2012 10 13
  23. ^ Rogers, Neal (9 September 2013). "McQuaid denies leaked file alleging deep UCI corruption, cover-ups". Velonews. Retrieved 14 September 2013.