Pat Robertson controversies

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Pat Robertson has made outspoken opinions with respect to both religion, politics and several other subjects. Many of his statements have stirred controversy and several have been headline news in the United States, and elsewhere. Many of these comments have been made on his daily talk show, The 700 Club.

Criticism of Robertson's faith healing[edit]

In the 1970s and 1980s Robertson was a faith healer. James Randi devoted a chapter of his book The Faith Healers, criticising Robertson's faith healing.[1] Randi commented that "in 1986, soon after the full importance of the AIDS epidemic began to become evident, Robertson was attempting to cure it by proclaiming people cured after prayer.[2] Randi commented, "Gerry Straub, a former associate of Pat Robertson and his television producer, pointed out in his book Salvation for Sale the astonishing fact that God seemed to time miracles to conform with standard television format," and "God would stop speaking to Pat and stop healing exactly in time with the theme music."[3] Randi explained that "in 1979, it appeared to Robertson's staff that their boss had been taking lessons from Oral Roberts" and "proposed to film the Second Coming!".[4] The project was eventually publicly dropped, but "budget allocations [CBN] are made for their development."[5]

Efficacy of Robertson's prayers[edit]

Robertson prayed to God to steer hurricanes away from his company's Virginia Beach, Virginia headquarters. He credited his prayers for steering the course of Hurricane Gloria in 1985.[6] The storm instead hit the Mid-Atlantic states and New England, causing $900 million in damage and eight deaths.

Calling non-Christians "termites"[edit]

In an August 1986 New York magazine article Robertson is quoted saying, "It is interesting, that termites don't build things, and the great builders of our nation almost to a man have been Christians, because Christians have the desire to build something. He is motivated by love of man and God, so he builds. The people who have come into [our] institutions [today] are primarily termites. They are into destroying institutions that have been built by Christians, whether it is universities, governments, our own traditions, that we have... The termites are in charge now, and that is not the way it ought to be, and the time has arrived for a godly fumigation."[7]

First child conceived out of wedlock[edit]

During Robertson's unsuccessful presidential bid in 1987, Robertson told a Wall Street Journal reporter that his wedding date was actually five months after the date he had always maintained.[8] Reporters said that the actual wedding date meant that his first son was conceived out of wedlock and that Robertson had lied about the date of his marriage in an attempt to cover the truth up.[8] While conceding the reports were accurate, Robertson said that conceiving his son out of wedlock occurred before Jesus Christ had entered his life.[8] Robertson denounced the media choosing to report on the issue as "outrageous" and "reprehensible."[9]

Comments on other Christian denominations[edit]

On January 14, 1991, on The 700 Club, Pat Robertson attacked a number of Protestant denominations when he declared: "You say you're supposed to be nice to the Episcopalians and the Presbyterians and the Methodists and this, that, and the other thing. Nonsense. I don't have to be nice to the spirit of the Antichrist."[10]

Comments on Islam[edit]

Robertson frequently denounces the religion of Islam and Muslim people. During a 1995 taping of The 700 Club, he called the religion a "Christian heresy".[11] During a September 19, 2002 episode of Fox News Channel's Hannity & Colmes, Robertson claimed that the Muslim Prophet Muhammad, was "an absolute wild-eyed fanatic… a robber and a brigand."[12] On the July 14, 2005 broadcast of the The 700 Club, he claimed that "Islam, at its core, teaches violence."[13]

On the March 13, 2006 broadcast of The 700 Club Robertson stated that Muslims want global domination and that the outpouring of rage elicited by cartoon drawings of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad "just shows the kind of people we're dealing with. These people are crazed fanatics, and I want to say it now: I believe it's motivated by demonic power. It is Satanic and it's time we recognize what we're dealing with." He finished by stating "by the way, Islam is not a religion of peace."[14] The Rev. Barry W. Lynn, executive director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State, slammed Robertson's comments as "grossly irresponsible". Lynn went on to say, "At a time when inter-religious tensions around the world are at an all-time high, Robertson seems determined to throw gasoline on the fire."[15]

On the September 25, 2006 broadcast of The 700 Club Robertson stated "It's amazing how the Muslims deal with history and the truth with violence. They don't understand what reasoned dialogue is..."[16]

On the November 9, 2009 edition of The 700 Club Robertson stated "Islam is a violent – I was going to say, 'religion', but it's not a religion; it's a political system. It's a violent political system bent on the overthrow of the governments of the world, and world domination. That is the ultimate aim. And they talk about infidels and all this, but the truth is that's what the game is. So, you're dealing with a – not a religion – you're dealing with a political system. And I think we should treat it as such, and treat its adherents as such, as we would members of the Communist Party, or members of some fascist group."[17]

Comments on Hinduism[edit]

On March 23, 1995, Pat Robertson led a television program in which he attacked Hinduism, calling it "demonic". He said that they worship "idols" and "hundreds of millions of deities," which "has put a nation in bondage to spiritual forces that have deceived many for thousands of years." He spoke against the doctrines of karma and reincarnation.[18]

These and other remarks have been repudiated by some Hindus. Dr. Kusumita Pedersen, Director for the Project on Human Rights and Religion, commented that Robertson has employed "almost every negative image and cliché that has been used about Hinduism since the 18th century."[19]

In his book The New World Order, Robertson wrote: "When I said during my presidential bid that I would bring only Christians and Jews into the government, I hit a firestorm. 'What do you mean?' the media challenged me. 'You're not going to bring atheists into the government? How dare you maintain that those who believe in Christian values are better qualified to govern America than Hindus and Muslims?' My simple answer is, 'Yes, they are.'"[20]

David Cantor, Senior Research Analyst of the Anti-Defamation League, points out that such "religious tests for office are unconstitutional. It's not just a purely a religious statement. It's a political statement."[19]

Feminism, homosexuality, abortion and liberalism[edit]

Robertson is opposed to abortion and same-sex marriage.[21][22] He has described feminism as a "socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism and become lesbians."[23]

Many of Robertson's views mirror those of fellow evangelical activist pastor Jerry Falwell, who made frequent appearances on The 700 Club. He agreed with Falwell when Falwell stated that the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks were caused by "pagans, abortionists, feminists, gays, lesbians, the American Civil Liberties Union and the People For the American Way."[24][25]

The June 8, 1998 edition of his show, where Robertson denounced Orlando, Florida and Disney World for allowing a privately sponsored "Gay Days" weekend, also drew criticism from Americans United for Separation of Church and State. Robertson stated that the acceptance of homosexuality could result in hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, terrorist bombings and "possibly a meteor," prompting Americans United to criticize Robertson, saying it was "deplorable that Robertson is using the tragedy of these fires to promote his religious and political agenda."[26] The resulting outcry prompted Robertson to return to the topic on June 24, where he quoted the Book of Revelation to support his claims. The first hurricane of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season,[27] Hurricane Bonnie, actually turned away from Florida and instead damaged the rest of the east coast. The area hardest hit by the hurricane was the Hampton Roads region,[28] which includes Virginia Beach,[29] the place of origin of Robertson's The 700 Club.[30] While other hurricanes did hit Florida,[27] none of them hit Disney World.[31]

While discussing the Mark Foley scandal on the October 5, 2006 broadcast of the show, Robertson condemned Foley saying he "does what gay people do" and claiming that it would not hurt Republican chances in the elections, as “the church people understand forgiveness, they understand sin.”[32]

Comments on Scotland[edit]

In 1999, Bank of Scotland announced a joint venture with Robertson to establish banks in the United States that conduct all business by telephone, a business model that had been successful in the United Kingdom.[33] Robertson said that the Church of Scotland and the Scottish Episcopal Church ignored the teachings of Saint Paul because they have ordained gays.[33] Robertson also said that Scotland was "a dark land" overrun by gays.[34] In response the Bank of Scotland dropped their plans for a business operation with Robertson, following customer complaints.[34] In a press release, Robertson said that "media comments about him had made it impossible to proceed."[34]

Financial ties to politicians[edit]

An investigation by the Commonwealth of Virginia's Office of Consumer Affairs determined that Robertson "willfully induced contributions from the public through the use of misleading statements and other implications" and called for a criminal prosecution against Robertson in 1999. However, Virginia Attorney General Mark Earley, a Republican whose largest campaign contributor two years earlier was Robertson himself, intervened, accepting that Robertson had made deceptive appeals but overruling the recommendation for his prosecution.[35]

Comments on Chinese abortions[edit]

In a 2001 interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer, he said that the Chinese were "doing what they have to do," regarding China's one-child policy, sometimes enforced with compulsory abortions, though he said that he did not personally agree with the practice.[36] The statement drew criticisms from a variety of groups, including the Family Research Council, Traditional Values Coalition, and Concerned Women for America.[37]

Racehorse ownership[edit]

In April 2002, Robertson acknowledged buying a race horse, named "Mr. Pat", for $520,000. He told a New York Times reporter that his interest in the horse was based purely on its aesthetics. "I don't bet and I don't gamble. I just enjoy watching horses running and performing." Christian scholar Martin Marty criticised this statement by Robertson, stating "The whole culture of horse racing involves gambling, and all the money comes from people trying to hit it big gambling. This is like saying you're investing in a bordello but aren't in favor of prostitution."[38]

Financial ties to African leaders[edit]

Robertson repeatedly supported former President of Liberia Charles Taylor in various episodes of his The 700 Club program during the United States' involvement in the Second Liberian Civil War in June and July 2003. Robertson accuses the U.S. State Department of giving President Bush bad advice in supporting Taylor's ouster as president, and of trying "as hard as they can to destabilize Liberia."[39]

Robertson was criticized for failing to mention in his broadcasts his $8,000,000 (USD) investment in a Liberian gold mine.[40] Taylor had been indicted by the United Nations for war crimes at the time of Robertson's support, and was found guilty of crimes against humanity, including murder, rape, slavery and the use of child soldiers.[41]

Prosecutors also said that Taylor had harbored members of Al Qaeda responsible for the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. According to Robertson, the Liberian gold mine Freedom Gold was intended to help pay for humanitarian and evangelical efforts in Liberia, when in fact the company was allowed to fail leaving many debts both in Liberia and in the international mining service sector.[citation needed] Regarding this controversy, Richard Land, head of the Southern Baptist Convention's public policy said, "I would say that Pat Robertson is way out on his own, in a leaking life raft, on this one."[42]

Operation Blessing[edit]

Robertson has also been accused of using his tax-exempt, nonprofit organization, Operation Blessing, as a front for his own financial gain, and then using his influence in the Republican Party to cover his tracks. After making emotional pleas in 1994 on The 700 Club for cash donations to Operation Blessing to support airlifts of refugees from Rwanda to Zaire, a reporter from The Virginian-Pilot stated that Operation Blessing's planes were transporting diamond-mining equipment for the Robertson-owned African Development Corporation, a venture Robertson had established in cooperation with Zaire's dictator, Mobutu Sese Seko, whom Robertson had befriended earlier in 1993. According to Operation Blessing documents, Robertson personally owned the planes used for Operation Blessing airlifts. A documentary exploring the Operation Blessing controversies, entitled Mission Congo, premiered at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival.[43]

Robertson continues to state that Operation Blessing was largely responsible for providing aid to Rwanda following the 1994 genocide, even after an official investigation into Operation Blessing described it as a "fraudulent and deceptive" operation that provided almost no aid. According to The Guardian, all Operation Blessing volunteers did was recite Bible passages at dying refugees. Robertson was accused of taking credit for work that was actually done by Médecins Sans Frontières.[43] On December 12, 2013, The Guardian issued an apology to Operation Blessing over false claims in the article "Mission Congo: how Pat Robertson raised millions on the back of a non-existent aid project" and agreed to make a contribution to Operation Blessing to be used in its relief efforts for victims of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines.[44] A 1999 report concluded that whilst Robertson's request for donations to Operation Blessing had been misleading, they were not an intentional attempt to commit fraud.[45]

Comments on the US State Department[edit]

On his The 700 Club television program, Pat Robertson has sharply criticized elements of the United States government and "special interest" groups that do not share his views. In October 2003 interviews with author Joel Mowbray about his book "Dangerous Diplomacy", a book critical of the United States Department of State, Robertson made suggestions that the explosion of a nuclear weapon at State Department Headquarters would be good for the country, and repeated those comments on the air. "What we need is for somebody to place a small nuke at Foggy Bottom."[46]

Iraq War[edit]

Pat Robertson claimed in 2004 that President Bush told him before he led the United States into the Iraq War, that he expected there to be no casualties. He made this claim in an interview with CNN, on October 19, 2004. President Bush's then-press secretary Scott McClellan denied the allegation. Mike McCurry, press secretary for Democratic Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts, who was Bush's opponent for the presidency in the 2004 election, said that Bush deserved the benefit of the doubt, but he should say whether or not Robertson was telling the truth or lying.[47]

Comments on assassinating Hugo Chávez[edit]

On the August 22, 2005 broadcast of The 700 Club, Robertson said of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez:

I don't know about this doctrine of assassination, but if he thinks we're trying to assassinate him, I think that we really ought to go ahead and do it. It's a whole lot cheaper than starting a war, and I don’t think any oil shipments will stop.

Robertson also said that Chávez was "going to make Venezuela a launching pad for communist infiltration and Muslim extremism all over the continent" and called the leader an "out-of-control dictator... a dangerous enemy to our south, controlling a huge pool of oil that could hurt us very badly."[48]

Assassinations of heads of state have been against U.S. policy since an executive order against them was issued in 1976; in response, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said that "our department doesn't do that kind of thing." Bernardo Álvarez, Venezuela's ambassador to the U.S., demanded a stronger condemnation from the White House and that the United States "respect our country and its president."

On the August 24 edition of The 700 Club, Robertson asserted that he hadn't actually called for Chávez's assassination, but that there were other ways of "taking him out", such as having special forces carry out a kidnapping. Robertson explicitly denied having used the word "assassination", though the word "assassinate" was present in his initial statement.[49] Later that day, he issued a written statement in which he said, "Is it right to call for assassination? No, and I apologize for that statement. I spoke in frustration that we should accommodate the man who thinks the U.S. is out to kill him". However, he continued to justify his original stance on the potential threat Chávez posed to U.S. interests,[50] even reiterating his support for Chavez's assassination on the February 2, 2006 edition of Hannity and Colmes, replying "[N]ot now, but one day, one day, one day," when asked whether Robertson wanted Chavez taken out.[51]

On Sunday, August 28, 2005, Chávez called on the U.S. Justice Department to investigate the matter: "My government is going to take legal action in the United States," he said in a televised speech. "If the U.S. government does not take the necessary steps, we will denounce the U.S. government at the United Nations and the Organization of American States".[52]

His comments are on the Brave Saint Saturn song "Blessed Are the Land Mines" on their 2008 album Anti-Meridian.

Attributing statement to Barry W. Lynn[edit]

On the November 5, 2005 airing of The 700 Club, Robertson claimed that Reverend Barry W. Lynn, director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State, said that ""if a church is burning down, the local community could not send the fire engine to put the fire out because that would violate, quote, separation of church and state."[53] Rev. Lynn responded, denying the allegation and saying "I've seen [Robertson] take pot shots at me with information I have repeatedly told them is not true. Robert­son, for example, continues to tell national television audiences that I believe that a public fire department can't go to a burning church without violating the separation of church and state. He apparently uses this "anecdote" to demonstrate my radical, wacky beliefs. Trouble is (for him), I never said it and don't believe it."[54] Robertson also drew criticism from Focus on the Family for the statement in their magazine, Citizen, saying that "One Christian conservative leader [presumably Robertson] has mistakenly suggested that Lynn would say a burning church shouldn't be able to call the fire department lest it violate the bounds of church-state separation."[55]

Comments on Dover, Pennsylvania[edit]

On his November 10, 2005 broadcast of The 700 Club, Robertson told citizens of Dover, Pennsylvania that they had rejected God by voting out of office all seven members of the school board who support intelligent design.

"I'd like to say to the good citizens of Dover: if there is a disaster in your area, don't turn to God, you just rejected him from your city", Robertson said on his broadcast.

"And don't wonder why he hasn't helped you when problems begin, if they begin. I'm not saying they will, but if they do, just remember, you just voted God out of your city. And if that's the case, don't ask for his help because he might not be there."[56]

In a written statement, Robertson later clarified his comments:

"God is tolerant and loving, but we can't keep sticking our finger in his eye forever. If they have future problems in Dover, I recommend they call on Charles Darwin. Maybe he can help them."[57]

Comments on Ariel Sharon's health[edit]

The lead story on the January 5, 2006, edition of The 700 Club was Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's hospitalization for a severe stroke. After the story, Robertson said that Sharon's illness was possibly retribution from God for his recent drive to give more land to the Palestinians. He also claimed former prime minister Yitzhak Rabin's 1995 assassination may have occurred for the same reason.[58]

The remarks drew criticism from all sides, even from other evangelicals. For instance, Richard Land, president of the Southern Baptist Convention's Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, said that Robertson "ought to know better" than to say such things. He added, "...the arrogance of the statement shocks me almost as much as the insensitivity of it."[59] Ted Haggard, then president of the National Association of Evangelicals, said that "any doctor could have predicted (Sharon's) going to have health problems" and that his illness was medical, not divine retribution.[60] The White House called Robertson's statement "wholly inappropriate and offensive".[61] Robertson was also chastised by Israeli officials and members of the Anti-Defamation League.[62]

On January 11, Israel responded by announcing that Robertson would be banned from involvement in a project to build a Christian tourist attraction and pilgrimage site near the Sea of Galilee known as the Christian Heritage Center. The plan had called for Israel leasing 35 acres (140,000 m2) of land to a group of evangelicals (including Robertson) for free to create several tourist attractions and pilgrimage sites in exchange for the evangelicals raising 50 million dollars in funding. A spokesman for the Tourism Ministry commented, "We cannot accept these statements, and we will not sign any contracts with Mr. Robertson."[63]

He added that the decision would not apply to all members of the evangelical community: "We want to see who in the group supports his (Robertson's) statements. Those who support the statements cannot do business with us. Those that publicly support Ariel Sharon's recovery ... are welcome to do business with us."[64]

On January 12, Robertson sent a letter to Sharon's son Omri, apologizing for his comments. In the letter, Robertson called Ariel Sharon a "kind, gracious and gentle man" who was "carrying an almost insurmountable burden of making decisions for his nation." He added that his "concern for the future safety of your nation led me to make remarks which I can now view in retrospect as inappropriate and insensitive in light of a national grief experienced because of your father's illness... I ask your forgiveness and the forgiveness of the people of Israel."[65] Omri and the Israeli government accepted the apology, though it remained unclear whether the deal with Robertson would be rehabilitated.[66][67][68]

While some observers were satisfied by the gesture, some reporters also accused Robertson of using the apology as a tactic allowing him to make such statements while promoting a public image among evangelicals as a leader who does not compromise on his values. Surprisingly, some of the harsher criticism of Robertson did not come from American or Israeli Jews, but from his fellow evangelicals and conservative Christians, who charged that Robertson's behavior did serious harm to evangelicals' image, and led to unfair generalizations and criticism of them.[69]

The fallout from Robertson's comments was still visible over a month after the event; after speaking with organizers of the National Religious Broadcasters February 2006 convention, Robertson wound up cancelling his planned keynote speech.

A representative from Israel's Tourism Ministry diplomatically commented, "Pat Robertson has been a long-term friend of the state of Israel, and continues to be so."[70]

In March 2006, Robertson lost a bid for re-election to the board of directors of the National Religious Broadcasters.[71]

Comments about "liberal professors"[edit]

On the March 21, 2006 broadcast of The 700 Club, while reviewing The Professors: The 101 Most Dangerous Academics in America by David Horowitz, the subject of which is radical academics in American universities, Robertson went on to say that the 101 professors named in the book are only but a few of "thirty to forty thousand" left-wing professors in the United States, all of whom he accused of being "racists, murderers, sexual deviants and supporters of Al-Qaeda," further labeling them as "termites that have worked into the woodwork of our academic society." Later in the broadcast, he went on to say, "these guys are out and out communists, they are radicals, they are, you know, some of them killers, and they are propagandists of the first order... you don’t want your child to be brainwashed by these radicals, you just don’t want it to happen. Not only brainwashed but also beat up, they beat these people up, cower them into submission."[72]

Leg press claims[edit]

In May 2006 Robertson began claiming on his web site that through training and his "Age-Defying energy shake", he is able to leg press 2,000 lb (907 kg) while others claim he is a liar, pushing a common energy formula.[73] Two-thousand pounds would be an exceptional accomplishment for a world-class athlete, to say nothing of Robertson, then in his seventies. For comparative purposes, when Dan Kendra set the Florida State University record of 1,335 lb (606 kg), the leg press machine required extensive modifications to hold the proper amount of weight, and the capillaries in both of Kendra's eyes burst during his successful attempt.[74] Thus, Robertson's claimed achievement would add 665 lb (302 kg) to the best-ever total of Kendra, a top athlete in his physical prime, who later played in the National Football League and tried unsuccessfully to become a Navy SEAL.[75][76]

In response to the skepticism of this claim, Robertson's website has claimed that his doctor is able to leg press 2,700 lb (1,225 kg), and that "It is not nearly as hard as the authors of these reports make it out to be."[77] A video has also been provided supposedly demonstrating Robertson doing several reps with a weight of 1,000 lb (454 kg).[78] In the video Pat Robertson is seen using a 45 degree sled type leg press machine, which reduces the effective weight to 707 lb (321 kg) (sin(45°) x 1000 lbs). He keeps the safety locks in place at the second step, which severely limits the range of possible motion. The seat is positioned to allow approximately six inches of travel after the lock. This setup gives Pat Robertson the maximum mechanical advantage at the last few inches of travel. In contrast, actual leg press technique is allowing the weight to slide down until the hip and knee joints are at significant flexion.[79] The video of Roberson’s lift has also been criticized because it does not appear to verify his claim that he’s lifting 1,000 lb (454 kg). Mike DeBonis of Slate noted “It appears as if 16 plates are loaded on the machine. Four of them look like 100-pound plates, and the rest are 45s. That adds up to 940 pounds.” DeBonis also noted that Robertson is using incorrect form as he “helps his legs by pushing on his knees with his arms. That's a no-no. He also achieves nowhere near the recommended full range of motion, which is to bring the knees to at least a 90-degree angle.” DeBonis saw the claims made by Robertson and similar claims by Madeline Albright (that she can press 400 lb (181 kg)) as yet another proof of the inferiority of that particular machine in comparison to the barbell squat, “Most leg press machines are constructed as either a sled angled at 45 degrees or a lever. (There are some that use cables, too.) In all cases, some of the weight gets borne by the machine. You may be loading 400 pounds, but your muscles are feeling only 200.”[80] The video has since been removed from the CBN website.

Robertson responded to questions concerning the lift in an interview with CBS. He maintained his claim to have done it but admitted "I didn't do it with the same form that these professional bodybuilders do, which is a full squat, and it's very difficult. But I did do it. I regularly can do 1,000 pounds and 1,200 pounds."[81] He said he used an incline leg press and did "the full extension on that particular machine. They have a brake on it. I was told put the brake on. When the professionals do it, they take the brake off and let the weight come all the way down on them. And if you don't have a lot of help, you've got a Volkswagen sitting on your hips. I didn't do that."[81]

In June 2006, General Nutrition Center, a nutritional supplement retailer, announced without explanation that it would stop carrying Robertson's energy drink.[82]

Racist comments about Asian appearance[edit]

On the February 7, 2007 edition of The 700 Club, Robertson stated that people who have too much plastic surgery "got the eyes like they're Oriental" and stretched his eyelids in a manner stereotypical of Asians.[83]

2010 Haiti earthquake[edit]

On the January 13, 2010 broadcast of The 700 Club, Robertson blamed the Haitians for making a deal with the Devil during their 1791 slave rebellion, resulting in the Haiti earthquake of January 12, 2010 and other misfortunes. He told viewers of his Christian Broadcasting Network:

...something happened a long time ago in Haiti, and people might not want to talk about it, they were under the heel of the French, uh, you know, Napoleon the third and whatever, and they got together and swore a pact to the devil, they said, we will serve you, if you get us free from the French, true story. And so the devil said, 'OK, it's a deal.' And they kicked the French out, the Haitians revolted and got themselves free, and ever since they have been cursed by one thing after the other, desperately poor.[84][85]

He went on to state:

That island of Hispaniola is one island. It is cut down the middle; on the one side is Haiti on the other is the Dominican Republic. Dominican Republic is prosperous, healthy, full of resorts, etc. Haiti is in desperate poverty. Same island. They need to have and we need to pray for them a great turning to God and out of this tragedy I'm optimistic something good may come. But right now we are helping the suffering people and the suffering is unimaginable.[86]

The reference to a "pact to the devil" was later said by CBN to be a reference to the Vodou ceremony conducted by Dutty Boukman involving animal sacrifice in Bois Caïman that began the Haitian revolution. Contrary to Robertson's claims however, this ceremony and the religion of Vodou in general does not involve Satan or devil worship.[87] Robertson mistakenly identified the French government as that of Napoleon III, as Haiti became independent (and the Revolution won) four years before Napoleon III was born.[88] In fact, it was Napoleon Bonaparte (by far, the more famous of the two rulers), who sent a French army to try to recapture Haiti a decade after its revolution. The force was destroyed by yellow fever and the fierce resistance led by Haitian generals.

Veteran Christian radio broadcaster Michael Ireland stated that this Haitian Vodou ceremony has long been erroneously referenced by various self-assoiling Christian sources as the "pact with the devil" or "pact to the devil" that began the Haitian revolution.[89] This Vodou ceremony was a ceremonial impulsion to the liberation of thousands of abjectly enslaved peoples under French, mostly Christian, tyranny: and as such has been perverted over the following decades to besmear a righteous liberty-struggle as formed of wicked means.[89] These Christians were influenced by spiritual warfare theology and concerned that the Aristide government had made efforts to incorporate the Vodou sector more fully into the political process. These Evangelicals developed a counter-narrative to the official national story. In this narrative, the ancestral spirits at the Vodou cemetery were re-cast as demons. In their view, the engagement with demons amounted to a pact that put Haiti under the rule of Satan. While some Haitian Evangelicals subscribe to this idea, most Haitian nationalists vehemently oppose it.[90] According to Gothenburg University researcher Markel Thylefors, "The event of the Bwa Kayiman ceremony forms an important part of Haitian national identity as it relates to the very genesis of Haiti."[87]

In his daily press briefing on January 14, 2010, White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs said of Robertson's commentary: "It never ceases to amaze that in times of amazing human suffering somebody says something that could be so utterly stupid."[88]

Mainline and evangelical Christian voices appeared mostly unanimous in criticizing Robertson's remarks as untrue, untimely and insensitive.[91]

Comments on marijuana laws[edit]

On the December 16, 2010 broadcast of The 700 Club Pat Robertson condemned harsh sentences for people convicted of possession of cannabis. Robertson stated, “We're locking up people that take a couple of puffs of marijuana, and the next thing you know they've got 10 years.” He went on to say, “I'm not exactly for the use of drugs – don't get me wrong – but I just believe that criminalizing marijuana, criminalizing the possession of a few ounces of pot and that kind of thing, I mean, it's just costing us a fortune and it's ruining young people.”[92]

Robertson’s remarks were applauded by the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws and the Drug Policy Alliance. Executive Director of the Drug Policy Alliance Ethan Nadelmann said, "The people who are listening to him may roll their eyes when the Democrats say this, but when Pat Robertson says this he has credibility in the faith community."[93]

Appearing on Good Morning America, Vice President Joe Biden condemned Robertson's commentary, saying, “I still believe it's a gateway drug. I've spent a lot of my life as chairman of the Judiciary Committee dealing with this. I think it would be a mistake to legalize.”[94]

Comments advocating divorce[edit]

On the September 14, 2011, broadcast of The 700 Club, a viewer talked about a friend who was bitter at God because his wife had Alzheimer's disease, and the friend had started seeing another woman.[95] The viewer asked Robertson for his advice.[95] Robertson responded, "I know it sounds cruel, but if he's going to do something, he should divorce her and start all over again, but make sure she has custodial care and somebody looking after her."[96] He continued saying, "If you respect that vow, you say 'til death do us part. This is a kind of death."[96]

In response, Russell D. Moore, Dean of the School of Theology at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, wrote that Robertson's comments were "a repudiation of the gospel of Jesus Christ" and that "Pat Robertson's cruel marriage statement is no anomaly. He and his cohorts have given us for years a prosperity gospel with more in common with an Asherah pole than a cross."[97]

Following a backlash over Robertson's advice, Robertson said, "Basically I’m saying, adultery is not a good thing and you might as well straighten your life out and the only way to do it is to kind of get your affair with your wife in order. ... I was not giving advice to the whole world and nor was I counseling anybody to be unscriptural and leave their spouse. ... Please know that I believe the Bible. Please know that I never would tell anybody to leave their sick spouse. I never never would say such a thing because I need my spouse when I get sick and she needs me when she gets sick. In sickness and in health, I believe it!"[95]

Comments on spousal abuse[edit]

Robertson was criticized in September 2012 after a man called Michael called the The 700 Club asking for advice on what to do about his wife not respecting him. Robertson called the woman a "rebellious child" who did not want to "submit to any authority." He jokingly suggested that Michael become a Muslim and move to Saudi Arabia where he could beat her. Critics noted that Robertson's comments about wife-beating were edited out of the episode when it appeared on the Christian Broadcasting Network.[98]

United States presidential election, 2012[edit]

On televangelist Benny Hinn's "This Is Your Day" program (as aired October 31, 2012 on the TBN network), Hinn conducted a 30-minute interview with fellow televangelist Pat Robertson. At the 10:47 mark, the following exchange takes place:

Pat Robertson: "He's gonna win. Romney will win the election."
Benny Hinn: "What makes you believe that?"
Pat Robertson: "Because The Lord told me."

Comments on Young Earth creationism[edit]

In November 2012, a viewer of The 700 Club wrote that one of her biggest fears was that her children and husband would not go to heaven “because they question why the Bible could not explain the existence of dinosaurs.”

Before answering the question, Robertson acknowledged the statement was controversial by saying, “I know that people will probably try to lynch me when I say this.” He then replied: “You go back in time, you've got radiocarbon dating. You got all these things, and you've got the carcasses of dinosaurs frozen in time out in the Dakotas,” they're out there. So, there was a time when these giant reptiles were on the Earth, and it was before the time of the Bible. So, don't try and cover it up and make like everything was 6,000 years. That's not the Bible. And so if you fight revealed science you’re going to lose your children, and I believe in telling them the way it was.”[99]

Young Earth Creationist and director of Answers in Genesis, Ken Ham responded to Robertson's commentary by saying: "Not only do we have to work hard to not let our kids be led astray by the anti-God teaching of the secularists, we have to work hard to not let them be led astray by compromising church leaders like Pat Robertson. Pat Robertson gives more fodder to our enemies."[100] Ham said, referring to secularists and atheists who applauded Robertson online for his statements.[101] He went on to say that, "Such leaders — including Pat Robertson — have a lot to answer to the Lord for one day, such leaders are guilty of putting stumbling blocks in the way of kids and adults in regards to believing God’s word and the Gospel."[100]

Comments on AIDS[edit]

On the August 27, 2013 episode of The 700 Club, Robertson said that members of the San Francisco gay community would deliberately infect people with AIDS by cutting them with a sharp, infected ring while shaking hands. The comment was edited out when the clip was posted online, but as of September 5, 2013 the video was available from other outlets.[102] He also said that the homosexual community had put laws on the books prohibiting people from mentioning their HIV status.[103]

Comments on AIDS in Kenya[edit]

During the weekly edition of the The 700 Club show on 16 October 2014, a viewer sent in an email saying she had been called by God to go on a mission trip to Kenya but friends and family had expressed fears that she could catch Ebola in Kenya. In his answer, Robertson pointed out that there was not currently an outbreak of Ebola in Kenya, but warned of the risk of AIDS, stating: “You might get AIDS in Kenya, people have AIDS, you’ve got to be careful. I mean, the towels could have AIDS.” Health experts subsequently stated that towels cannot have AIDS.[104] The comment angered viewers in Kenya who took to twitter to express their disproval using the hashtag someonetellPatRobertson.[105] The show later apologized.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randi 1989, pp. 197–206.
  2. ^ Randi 1989, pp. 199–200.
  3. ^ Randi 1989, p. 200.
  4. ^ Randi 1989, p. 204.
  5. ^ Randi 1989, p. 205.
  6. ^ "Pat Robertson Says Storm Put Him on Path to '88 Bid: Prayer Diverted Hurricane, Robertson Asserted on TV". The Los Angeles Times. September 17, 1986. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  7. ^ New York (magazine), August 18, 1986: 24 .
  8. ^ a b c Taylor, Paul (October 9, 1987). "Robertson Assails 'Outrageous' Reports: Media Criticized for Examining Inconsistencies of Life, Career". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  9. ^ Eichel, Larry (October 9, 1987). "Robertson Assails Press, Admits Backdated Wedding". Philly. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  10. ^ Palast, Greg (May 23, 1999), "'I don't have to be nice to the spirit of the Antichrist’: Right-wing TV evangelist and former Presidential candidate Pat Robertson is the man Bank of Scotland has chosen to spearhead its US subsidiary. Why?", The Guardian Unlimited (UK) .
  11. ^ Sabri, BJ (January 28, 2005), "Part 26: Dick Cheney, numbers and the metaphysics of 9/11", Online Journal .
  12. ^ "Hannity & Colmes", News Channel (Fox), September 19, 2002 .
  13. ^ The 700 Club, July 14, 2005.
  14. ^ Barisic, Sonja (March 14, 2006), "Robertson says Islam isn't a faith of peace: Televangelist calls radicals 'demonic'", Boston (Associated Press) .
  15. ^ Americans United for Separation of Church and State: Americans United Deplores Tv Preacher Pat Robertson's Inflammatory Attack On Islam. March 13, 2006.
  16. ^ The 700 Club, September 25, 2006.
  17. ^ "Robertson on Islam: "It's not a religion... it's a violent political system"", The Washington Post, November 10, 2009 .
  18. ^ Rajan, Valli J. (July 1995). "Christian Pat Robertson Denounces Hinduism as "Demonic"". Hinduism Today (Sullivan county). 
  19. ^ a b "Using TV, Christian Pat Robertson Denounces Hinduism as "Demonic"", Hinduism Today, July 1995 .
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  21. ^ "Abortion to Die by 1,000 Cuts After Today's Supreme Court Ruling". Christian Coalition. 2007-01-18. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  22. ^ "California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Keeps Promise and Will Veto Abominable Homosexual "Marriage" Bill Passed By Legislature Which Ignored Overwhelming Vote of California Voters in Proposition 22 Banning Homosexual "Marriage"". Christian Coalition. 2005-09-09. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
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  27. ^ a b Hurricane season (report), National Hurricane Center, 1998 .
  28. ^ Hurricane Bonnie (report), National Hurricane Center, 1998 .
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  31. ^ Disney World's Local Weather, Mickey Mouse .
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  34. ^ a b c "Bank drops evangelist". News. UK: BBC. June 5, 1999. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Pat Robertson's Katrina Cash", The Nation .
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  37. ^ "Did Pat Robertson Just Defend China's One-Child Policy?", Christianity Today, April 1, 2001 .
  38. ^ Finley, William ‘Bill’ (April 22, 2002). "Horse Racing: A Moralist Who Loves Racing". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
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  77. ^ How Pat Robertson Leg Pressed 2,000 Pounds, CBN .
  78. ^ iFilm 
  79. ^ "Leg press", Weight exercises, EXRX, retrieved 2008-02-01 : technique discussed and illustrated — includes animation of correct leg press being performed.
  80. ^ DeBonis, Michael ‘Mike’ (May 27, 2006). "The Lamest Exercise in the World". Slate. 
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  82. ^ GNC drops Pat Robertson's muscle drink, United Press International, June 5, 2006 .
  83. ^ Slansky, Paul (2008), Idiots, Hypocrites, Demagogues, and More Idiots: Not-So-Great Moments in Modern American Politics, Bloomsbury, p. 101 .
  84. ^ "Robertson: Haiti had "pact with devil"", Salon, 2010-01-13 .
  85. ^ "US evangelist says quake-hit Haiti made 'devil' pact", France 24, 2010-01-13 .
  86. ^ "Pat Robertson: Haiti "Cursed" By "Pact To The Devil"", The Huffington post, 2010-01-13 .
  87. ^ a b Thylefors, Markel (March 2009), "'Our Government is in Bwa Kayiman:' a Vodou Ceremony in 1791 and its Contemporary Signifcations" (PDF), Stockholm review of Latin American Studies (SU) (4) .
  88. ^ a b Condon, Stephanie (January 14, 2010). "Pat Robertson Haiti Comments Spark Uproar". News (CBS). 
  89. ^ a b Ireland, Michael (January 17, 2010). "Urban Legend Expert Debunks Haitian ‘Pact with the Devil‘". Assist news. Retrieved September 5, 2013. 
  90. ^ Elizabeth McAlister (2012). "From Slave Revolt to a Blood Pact with Satan: The Evangelical Rewriting of Haitian History". Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 41.2 (2012). 
  91. ^ Poling, Jason (January 14, 2010). "Jason Poling: A message for Pat Robertson". Sun. Baltimore. Retrieved September 5, 2013. 
  92. ^ "Pat Robertson Stirs the Pot Over Marijuana Laws". Fox News. December 24, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  93. ^ Szkotaks, Steve (December 23, 2010). "Religious broadcaster questions harsh pot laws". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
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  96. ^ a b Breen, Tom (September 15, 2011). "Pat Robertson says Alzheimer's makes divorce OK". ABC News. Associated Press. 
  97. ^ Moore, Russell (15 September 2011). "Pat Robertson Repudiates the Gospel". Christianity Today. 
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  99. ^ Pat Robertson challenges creationism
  100. ^ a b Ken Ham of Creation Museum Slams Robertson for Dismissing Young Earth Theory
  101. ^ Atheists Aren’t the Only Problem!
  102. ^ Tashman, Brian (August 27, 2013). "Robertson: Gay People Deliberately Spread HIV/AIDS By Cutting People With Special Rings". Right wing watch. Retrieved September 5, 2013. 
  103. ^ "Pat Robertson Suggests Gays With AIDS Wear Rings To Cut, Infect Others", The Huffington post, 2013-08-27 .
  104. ^ Edwards, David (16 October 2014). "‘The towels could have AIDS’: Pat Robertson issues scientifically false Kenya warning". The Raw Story. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  105. ^ "Kenyans criticise US preacher’s Aids slur". Africa Review. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]