Pat Summitt

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Pat Summitt
Pat-Summitt-Walter-Reed-Center-06-24-08-2.jpg
Sport(s) Women's college basketball
Current position
Title Head coach emeritus
Team Tennessee
Biographical details
Born (1952-06-14) June 14, 1952 (age 62)
Clarksville, Tennessee
Playing career
Tennessee
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
1974–2012 Tennessee
Head coaching record
Overall 1,098–208 (.841)
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
8× NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Championships (1987,1989,1991,1996,1997,1998,2007,2008)
16-time SEC Champions
(1980, 1985, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2011)
16-time SEC Tournament Champions
(1980, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012)
Awards
8× Time SEC Coach of the Year (1993,1995,1998,2001,2003,2004,2007,2011)
7× Time NCAA Coach of the Year (1983, 1987, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2004)
Naismith Coach of the 20th Century
2012 Presidential Medal of Freedom
Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2000

Patricia Sue "Pat" Summitt (born June 14, 1952) is a former women's college basketball head coach. She now serves as the head coach emeritus of the Tennessee Lady Vols basketball team. She holds the most all-time wins for a coach in NCAA basketball history of either a men's or women's team in any division. She coached from 1974 to 2012, all with the Lady Vols, winning eight NCAA national championships, behind only the record 10 titles won by UCLA men's coach John Wooden and the 9 titles won by UConn women's coach Geno Auriemma. She is the only coach in NCAA history, and one of three college coaches overall, with at least 1,000 victories.

Summitt was named the Naismith Basketball Coach of the Century in April 2000. In 2009, the Sporting News placed her number 11 on its list of the 50 Greatest Coaches of All Time in all sports; she was the only woman on the list. In 38 years as a coach, she never had a losing season. On April 20, 2012, the White House announced that Pat Summitt would be awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama. Summitt received the Arthur Ashe Courage Award at the 2012 ESPY Awards.

Summitt has written three books, all with co-author Sally Jenkins: Reach for the Summitt, which is part a motivational book and part biography, Raise the Roof about the Lady Vols' 1997–1998 undefeated and NCAA-championship winning season, and Sum It Up, covering her life including her experience being diagnosed and living with Alzheimer's disease.[1]

Early life and family[edit]

Summitt was born Patricia Sue Head in Clarksville, Tennessee. She has four siblings: older brothers Tommy, Charles and Kenneth, and a younger sister, Linda.[2] She married R. B. Summitt in 1980; the two filed for divorce in 2007.[3] They have one son, Ross "Tyler" Summitt (b. 1990).

When Summitt was in high school, her family moved to nearby Henrietta, so she could play basketball in Cheatham County because Clarksville did not have a girls team. From there, Summitt went to University of Tennessee at Martin where she was a member of Chi Omega and won All-American honors, playing for UT–Martin's first women's basketball coach, Nadine Gearin. In 1970, with the passage of Title IX still two years away, there were no athletic scholarships for women. Each of Summitt's brothers had gotten an athletic scholarship, but her parents had to pay her way to college. She later co-captained the first United States women's national basketball team as a player at the inaugural women's tournament at the 1976 Summer Olympics, winning the silver medal. Eight years later in 1984, she coached the U.S. women's team to an Olympic gold medal, becoming the first U.S. Olympian to win a basketball medal and coach a medal-winning team.

Tyler Summitt, who played as a walk-on for the Tennessee men's basketball team,[4] graduated from Tennessee in May 2012, was hired as an assistant coach by the Marquette University women's team effective with the 2012–13 season.[5] In what ESPN.com columnist Gene Wojciechowski called "a bittersweet irony", Tyler's hiring by Marquette was announced on the same day his mother announced her retirement.[6] After two seasons at Marquette, Tyler was hired in April 2014 as head coach of Louisiana Tech University's women's basketball team.[7]

Coaching career[edit]

1970s[edit]

Just before the 1974–75 season, with women's college basketball still in its infancy and not yet an NCAA-sanctioned sport, 22-year-old Summitt became a graduate assistant at the University of Tennessee, and was named head coach of the Lady Vols after the previous coach suddenly quit. Summitt earned $250 monthly and washed the players' uniforms - uniforms purchased the previous year with proceeds from a donut sale. Summitt recalled that era of women's basketball during a February 2009 interview with Time Magazine. "I had to drive the van when I first started coaching," Summitt said. "One time, for a road game, we actually slept in the other team's gym the night before. We had mats, we had our little sleeping bags. When I was a player at the University of Tennessee–Martin, we played at Tennessee Tech for three straight games, and we didn't wash our uniforms. We only had one set. We played because we loved the game. We didn't think anything about it."

During Summitt's first year as head coach, four of her players were only a year younger than she was and all were from Tennessee high schools, which until 1980 [8] employed a six-person game where offensive and defensive players never crossed mid-court. She coached her first game for Tennessee on December 7, 1974 against Mercer University in Macon, Georgia; the Lady Vols lost 84–83.[9] Her first win came almost a month later when the Lady Vols defeated Middle Tennessee State, 69–32 on January 10, 1975.[9] The Lady Vols won the Tennessee College Women’s Sports Federation (TCWSF) Eastern District Championship for the third straight year. However, the team finished 4th overall in the TCWSF (they had been second the previous two years), and were not invited to the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) tournament.

In her second season, Summitt coached the Lady Vols to a 16–11 record while earning her 1976 masters degree in physical education and training as the co-captain of the 1976 U.S. Women's Olympic basketball team that won a silver medal in Montreal. Starting with the 1976–77 season, Summitt directed two 20-win teams, winning back-to-back AIAW Region II championships. The Lady Vols defeated 3-time AIAW champion Delta State by 20 points in 1978, and earned Tennessee its first number one ranking.[10] 1978 saw the Lady Vols participate in their first AIAW Final Four, where they finished third. Summitt also recorded her 100th win during this season, a 79–66 victory over NC State.[11] Tennessee closed the 1970s by winning the first-ever SEC tournament, and returning to the AIAW Final Four, where they finished runner-up to Old Dominion, 68–53.[9]

1980s[edit]

During the 1980–81 season, the Lady Vols went 25–6, and avenged their championship game loss to Old Dominion by defeating them three times. The team made it to the AIAW Final Four for the third straight year; finished runner-up for the second consecutive year, losing to Louisiana Tech, 79–59.

The 1981–82 season featured the first ever NCAA Women's basketball tournament. The Lady Vols were one of 32 teams invited and named a 2 seed in their region. In the region championship, the Lady Vols upset top-seeded USC 91–90 in overtime to advance to the Final Four. They lost their Final Four match-up with Louisiana Tech, which went on to win the tournament.

The next season, the Lady Vols won the regular season SEC title but fell in the SEC tournament to Georgia. Tennessee was invited to the now-36 team NCAA tournament and awarded its first-ever 1 seed. Tennessee made it to the regional championship, but fell to Georgia again, 67–63. Summitt won her 200th game on December 3, a 69–56 victory over St. John's during the Coca-Cola Classic in Detroit.[11]

The 1983–84 season saw Tennessee start out 6–4. However, Summitt rallied her team and finished 22–10, for her eighth straight 20-win season, a streak that still continues. Tennessee not only made it to the NCAA Final Four for the second time in the first three tournaments, but also made it to the title game. However, Tennessee lost by 11 to USC, which also had won the title the previous year. Pat Summitt earned Coach of the Year honors.[12] This season was followed up by another 20-win year in which Tennessee earned both the regular season SEC title (despite only going 4–4) and the tournament title. However, the Lady Vols fell in the NCAA Tournament to Ole Miss during the round of 16. The next season was a similar story – the Lady Vols had a good regular season, played a great tournament (reaching the Final Four for the second time in three years), but fell before winning the title.

In 1986–87, Tennessee broke through and defeated perennial power Louisiana Tech 67–44 to win the Lady Vols first national title. Tennessee's Tonya Edwards was named the Most Outstanding Player in the Final Four. During the regular season, Summitt also earned her 300th win, an 87–66 victory over North Carolina.[11] The next year in 1987–88, the Lady Vols were positioned to repeat as Tennessee made it to the Final Four yet again. However, Louisiana Tech avenged the previous year's championship game loss with a 9-point victory and went on to win the title.

In 1988–89, the Lady Vols made it to the Final Four for the fourth straight year. After dispatching Maryland by 12, Tennessee faced SEC rival Auburn for the national title. Auburn had lost by two to Louisiana Tech in the NCAA title game the previous year and had suffered its only loss in the SEC Championship game by 15 points to Tennessee. The championship game was similar as Tennessee took home its second title in three years with a 76–60 victory. Record-wise, it was Tennessee's best season yet, as the Lady Vols won 35 games while losing only a pair of regular season contests to Auburn and Texas. The Lady Vols won every NCAA tournament game by at least 12 points.[9]

In 1989–90, the Lady Vols started off the season well, winning the SEC title. However, the team fell by 1 point to Auburn in the SEC Championship Game and lost in overtime to Virginia in the regional finals, one game shy of making a trip to the Final Four, which that year was held in Knoxville. Summitt accomplished another milestone that season with her 400th win, a 70–69 victory over South Carolina on January 25.[11]

1990s[edit]

Tennessee failed to win the SEC regular season or the tournament championship in 1990–91, but after a close win in the NCAA regional semifinals against Western Kentucky, the Lady Vols eliminated Auburn for the second time in three years. In the national semifinals, the Lady Vols beat Stanford, 68–60, to earn the chance to avenge the previous year's tournament loss against Virginia. Just as the previous year's game had gone into overtime, so did this one. Tennessee escaped with a 70–67 win and its third national title in five years. The next season in 1991–92, the Lady Vols did not make it to the regional championship, falling 75–70 to the same Western Kentucky team they had beaten in that round the previous year. In 1992–93, Tennessee defeated the defending champions Stanford twice and swept the SEC season for the first time. However, the Lady Vols were unable to win the SEC tournament title and fell 72–56 in the NCAA tournament to Iowa in the regional finals.

Early in the 1993–94 season, Summitt grabbed her 500th win, an 80–45 win over Ohio State on November 21. Tennessee went on to win the regular season and tournament SEC titles before falling 71–68 to Louisiana Tech in the regional semifinals. The next season marked Tennessee's return to the Final Four. Tennessee went undefeated in the SEC regular season for the third straight year, but failed to win the tournament title. The top-seeded Lady Vols breezed their way to their fifth national title game, with no other tournament game being closer than 21 points. However, in the national championship game, the Lady Vols fell 70–64 to the undefeated UConn Huskies, coached by her rival, Geno Auriemma, in the first of nine championships for UConn. During the off-season, Pat Summitt recruited high school stand-out Chamique Holdsclaw.

In 1995–96, with freshman Holdsclaw and senior Michelle Marciniak, the Lady Vols won the SEC tournament and made a second straight Final Four trip. In the semifinals, the Lady Vols avenged the previous year's tournament loss to UConn by ousting Auriemma and the Huskies with a hard-fought 5-point win in overtime. The championship game was not that close as Tennessee easily won their fourth title with an 83–65 win over Georgia.[13]

The 1996–97 Lady Vols posted one of the worst records ever for a Summitt-coached team. In addition to losses to powerhouses such as Louisiana Tech (twice), Stanford, Old Dominion, and Connecticut, Tennessee fell to teams such as Florida, against whom they had been previously undefeated. After their tenth loss of the season, in the SEC semifinals to Auburn, the team pulled together in time for the NCAA Tournament. After avenging a regular-season loss to undefeated Connecticut, Tennessee continued on their way to the championship game, where they avenged another loss, defeating Old Dominion by 9 for their second straight national title.[14] Summitt also earned her 600th win during the season, a 15- point victory over Marquette on November 23, 1996.[11]

In many aspects, the 1997–98 team was Summitt's best. With the top-ranked recruiting class as well as Chamique Holdsclaw, the Lady Vols ran the table to a 39–0 season while playing one of the top-ranked schedules in the country. Only three teams came within 10 points of beating the team, and the Lady Vols won a 93–75 victory over Louisiana Tech for their third straight national championship.

Holdsclaw (who by then had won national championships every season she was with the Vols) had predicted the 1998–99 team would be the greatest ever. However, Tennessee didn't claim another national title or make it to the Final Four. Injuries to several players decimated the team and the Lady Vols ultimately fell to Duke in the regional finals. A landmark was set during this season however, as Holdsclaw, Tamika Catchings, and Semeka Randall became the first trio from one team to be named Kodak All-Americans.[9]

The Lady Vols ended the decade with their third straight 30-win season, third straight SEC title, and third straight SEC Tournament title. Additionally, the Lady Vols defeated UConn in the regular season, 72–71, in what would be the Huskies only loss of the year. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee breezed its way to the title game, winning all five games by at least 10 points. However, in the championship game the Lady Vols were beaten soundly by the Huskies, 71–52. This marked the fourth time in six years that Tennessee or UConn had eliminated the other from the tournament. UConn's two wins in that period came in championship games, adding more intensity to the Summit-Auriemma rivalry. During the season, Summitt earned her 700th win, 85–62 at Wisconsin.[9]

At the 2000 ESPY awards, the Lady Vols basketball team was named co-team of the decade, along with the Florida State Seminoles football team.[15] Additionally, Pat Summitt was named the Naismith Coach of the Century and Chamique Holdsclaw earned recognition as player of the century.[9]

2000s[edit]

In the 2000–01 season, the Lady Vols claimed another SEC title, winning all 14 SEC games. Additionally, they split the season series with the UConn Huskies and headed into the SEC tournament with a 28–1 record. However, the Lady Vols were upset by Vanderbilt in the semifinals and then lost in the Sweet Sixteen to Xavier, their worst finish since 1993–94. During the regular season, Summitt earned her 750th win in the second game against UConn, a 92–88 victory.[11] The team also finished with its fourth straight 30-win season.

In the 2001–02 season, The Lady Vols won their fifth straight SEC championship, but fell again in the conference tournament, this time to LSU. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee reached the Final Four again, with a 5-point win over Vanderbilt University. This trip to the Final Four marked Summitt's 13th appearance, which broke Coach John Wooden's record of 12, and earned her 788th win, which tied Summitt with Jody Conradt for the winningest coach in women's basketball history.[11] However, the Lady Vols fell in the national semifinals to Connecticut, which wound up winning the championship and capping an undefeated season. This loss ended the season at 29–5, one win shy of extending Summitt's streak of 30-win seasons. Summitt did achieve more milestones during the season; a 106–66 win over USC marked Summitt's 200th win at home, a victory against Louisiana Tech was her 300th win against a ranked opponent and her 93–65 win over Arkansas was her 1,000th game as a coach, including international contests.[11]

During the 2002–03 season, the Lady Vols compiled their 6th perfect SEC season and beat powerhouses Duke and Louisiana Tech, among others, during the regular season, but lost to Texas and UConn. In the NCAA tournament, the Lady Vols made it to the title game only to lose to the Huskies again 73–68.[16] During the season, Summitt earned her 800th win, 76–57 over DePaul and was the fastest coach to reach this milestone.[11]

The 2003–04 season was similar to the previous year. The Lady Vols defeated most of their regular season opponents, including Duke and Louisiana Tech, but dropped games to UConn and Texas. The Lady Vols again went 14–0 in the regular season against SEC competition, but again fell in the conference tournament. Tennessee won five games in the NCAA tournament only to lose 70–61 to Connecticut in the championship game for the second year in a row and third time in five years.[17]

In 2004–05, Tennessee broke its losing streak against Connecticut with a narrow 68–67 regular season victory. Candace Parker, a highly regarded and nationally known high school player joined the Lady Vols. However, because of injuries, she was redshirted and didn't play that sesson. Tennessee suffered losses during the regular season to Duke, Rutgers, and LSU, while beating Stanford and Louisiana Tech. LSU's win over Tennessee gave the Tigers the SEC title, breaking Tennessee's streak of seven straight regular season conference championships. However, Tennessee won its first tournament title in four years by avenging its earlier loss to LSU loss with a 67–65 win in the SEC Championship game. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee advanced to its fourth Final Four in a row by defeating a Rutgers team that had beaten them earlier in the year. In the Final Four, the Lady Vols blew a 16-point lead to fall 68–64 to underdog Michigan State.[18][19] In the second round of the NCAA Tournament, the Lady Vols defeated Purdue. This victory gave Pat Summitt her 880th win, breaking North Carolina coach Dean Smith's record of 879 wins, and making her the all-time winningest coach in NCAA basketball history.

By 2005–06, Candace Parker had recovered from her injuries and became a starter. During the season, the Lady Vols dropped three games to SEC foes, LSU, Florida, and Kentucky, to record their worst SEC season since the 1996–97 season. However, they won their second straight game against Connecticut and rebounded from a sub-par SEC season to win the conference tournament for the second year in a row. In the NCAA tournament, Tennessee received a number two seed instead of the one seed Summitt believed her team deserved, and played North Carolina in the regional finals. Tennessee trailed from the beginning, fell behind by as many as 16, rallied to cut the lead to five, but ultimately fell 75–63.[20] This loss marked the first time in five years Summitt would not appear in the Final Four.

In the 2006–07 season, Tennessee defeated four ranked teams in a row: UCLA, Stanford, Arizona State, and Middle Tennessee, lost a regular season rematch with North Carolina and another game against top-ranked Duke, and defeated UConn for the third time in a row.[21] Later, in Baton Rouge, the Lady Vols clinched the SEC title against LSU in a game where Candace Parker scored 27.[22] However in the SEC tournament semifinals, Tennessee fell to the Tigers.[23] In the NCAA tournament, Summitt's team easily made it to the Final Four, dispatching teams that included SEC foe Mississippi and 13-seeded Cinderella, Marist, winning each game by at least 14. In the Final Four, Tennessee again faced North Carolina. Despite shooting poorly,[24] the Lady Vols came back from a 12-point deficit with 8:18 remaining to win 56–50.[25] In the championship game against Rutgers, Tennessee won its seventh title.[26] During the season, Summitt appeared at a men's basketball game dressed in a cheerleader outfit and led the crowd in a rendition of "Rocky Top" to show her support for the team. A month earlier, her men's counterpart, Bruce Pearl, showed up at a Lady Vols game in orange body paint.

2007–2008 Lady Vols basketball team at the White House after they won their second consecutive national championship

The 2007–08 season started off with the top-ranked Lady Vols going 3–0, including wins over 9th-ranked Oklahoma[27] and 22nd-ranked Texas. The win over Texas was Summitt's 950th.[28] After two more wins, top-ranked Tennessee knocked off fourth-ranked North Carolina, 83–79, in a rematch of the previous year's Final Four match-up.[29] Tennessee won their next four games, then headed to California for a match-up with 5th-ranked Stanford. Down by 4 with less than 30 seconds remaining, the Lady Vols managed to tie the game up and send it to overtime, but lost, 73–69.[30] The Lady Vols responded by winning their next seven games, giving them a 17–1 record going into a match-up with Duke. Candace Parker's 17 points and 12 rebounds, including a bucket with 22 seconds remaining, helped the Lady Vols defeat the Blue Devils for the first time in four years, 67–64.[31] Tennessee would win the rest of their regular season games and defeat LSU for the SEC Tournament Championship. The Lady Vols won four straight games in the NCAA Tournament heading toward their third matchup of the year against the LSU Lady Tigers in the Final Four. Alexis Hornbuckle tipped in a Nicky Anosike missed layup with 0.7 seconds left to win the game, 47–46. On April 8, 2008, Tennessee won its second consecutive national championship (and eighth overall) by beating Stanford 64–48.

Summitt's first milestone of the 2008–09 season was a 73–43 win over the Georgia Lady Bulldogs on February 5, 2009 at Thompson–Boling Arena in Knoxville. The win was number 1000 for Coach Summitt. The Thompson–Boling Arena's court was named "The Summitt" in her honor. The 2008–09 season ended with a dubious first, as the Lady Vols lost 71–55 in the first round of the NCAA tournament to Ball State in Bowling Green, Kentucky, marking the first time Tennessee would not appear in the Sweet 16 since the NCAA first sanctioned championships in women's basketball for the 1981–82 season.

Health and end of coaching career[edit]

In August 2011, Summitt announced that she had been diagnosed three months earlier with early-onset Alzheimer's disease.[32] Despite the diagnosis, she did complete the 2011–2012 season, but with a reduced role, while longtime assistant Holly Warlick, an assistant under Summitt since 1985, assumed most of the responsibilities.[33][34] In an interview with GoVolsXtra.com, she stated, "There's not going to be any pity party and I'll make sure of that."[35]

After the season, which ended with the Lady Vols losing to the eventual unbeaten national champion Baylor Lady Bears in the Elite Eight in Des Moines, on April 18, 2012, Pat Summitt officially stepped down as head coach, ending her 38-year coaching career. Warlick was named Summitt's successor. In a statement accompanying her resignation, Summitt said, "I feel like Holly’s been doing the bulk of it, She deserves to be the head coach..." Summitt was given the title Head Coach Emeritus upon her resignation.[36] According to NCAA regulations, as head coach emeritus, she will be able to attend practices and assist Warlick in some duties, but will not be allowed to sit on the team bench.[37]

Summitt finished her coaching career with 1,098 wins in 1,306 games coached in AIAW and NCAA Division I play. No other Division I basketball head coach, men's or women's, has more than 1,000 career wins as of the end of the 2011–12 season.

Coaching style[edit]

Summitt was widely reckoned as one of the toughest coaches in college basketball history, men's or women's. She was best known for giving her players an icy stare in response to poor play. However, by her own admission, she mellowed considerably later in her career. In 2007 she told U.S. News and World Report she does not yell at her players nearly as much as she did earlier in her career.[38] Tennessee at least twice asked Summitt to consider coaching the men's team, once before 1997[39] and again in 2001.[40]

Tournament record[edit]

Summitt won 16 Southeastern Conference regular season titles with the Lady Vols, as well as 16 tournament titles. Summitt's Lady Vols made an appearance in every NCAA Tournament from 1982 until her retirement, advanced to the Sweet 16 every year except 2009, and appeared 18 times in the Final Four.[12] When she made her 13th trip to the Final Four as a coach in 2002, she surpassed John Wooden as the NCAA coach with the most trips to the Final Four. Summitt is a seven-time SEC Coach of the year and a 7-time NCAA Coach of the year and has won eight national titles, including three consecutive titles from 1996 to 1998.[12] Summitt is known for scheduling tough opponents for her team to play in the regular season, in order to prepare them for the post-season. In her years of coaching, her teams have played top ten ranked teams over 250 times.[12]

In the 1997–98 season, her team went unbeaten, winning all 30 regular and 9 tournament games, earning Summitt's sixth championship. After the championship game, opposing Louisiana Tech head coach Leon Balmore proclaimed the Tennessee team to be the "best ever",[41] something Old Dominion University Hall of Famer Nancy Lieberman had stated in February 1998.[42] This was the third consecutive championship for the Lady Vols, and the third for heralded players Chamique Holdsclaw and Kellie Jolly. Holdsclaw was named a consensus All-American, as was freshman Tamika Catchings.

Summitt and the 1996–1997 championship team were the subject of an HBO documentary titled A Cinderella Season: The Lady Vols Fight Back. That year, the Lady Vols posted just a 23–10 record heading into the NCAA tournament, with two losses to Louisiana Tech, setbacks against national powers Georgia, Stanford and UConn, but also shocking losses to SEC lesser lights Arkansas, Auburn, and LSU (which was 7–20 just two seasons prior and had not yet established itself as a perennial national power). However, Tennessee righted itself during the tournament, shocking previously undefeated UConn in the regional final, 91–81, before defeating Notre Dame and Old Dominion in the Final Four in Cincinnati.

USA Basketball[edit]

Summitt (at the time Pat Head) was named the head coach of the USA representative to the William Jones Cup competition in Taipei, Taiwan. The USA team had recently completed the World Championship, so were able to bypass the preliminary rounds. They won all six contests and won the gold medal. Four of the USA team member were named to the 12 player all-tournament team.[43]

Summitt was chosen as the head coach of the team representing the USA in 1984 at the William Jones Cup competition in Taipei, Taiwan. The team chosen to represent the USA was the team expected to be selected as the National Team for the Olympics. This resulted in a very strong team which was able to dominate the competition. In the opening game against Australia, the USA won 82–20. While other games were closer, Italy's 23 point loss to the USA was the closest of the eight games. The USA won all eight games, and won the gold medal. The USA team was led by Cheryl Miller, who led the team in scoring at over 15 points per game, rebounding, free throw percentage, assists and steals. Miller was named to the All-Tournament Team, along with Lynette Woodard, and Denise Curry.[44]

Awards and titles[edit]

  • 16-time SEC Champions (1980, 1985, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,[12] 2007,[45] 2010, 2011)
  • 16-time SEC Tournament Champions (1980, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012)[12]
  • 8-time SEC Coach of the Year (1983, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2011)[46]
  • 7-time NCAA Coach of the Year (1983, 1987, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2004)[12]
  • 8-time NCAA Champions (1987, 1989, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2007, 2008)[12]

Honors[edit]

  • April 2000—Named the Naismith Basketball Coach of the Century.
  • 2009—Named to Sporting News' list of the 50 greatest coaches of all time (MLB, NBA, NFL, NHL, college basketball, and college football). She is listed in position 11.[51]
  • Summitt is the only person to have two courts used by NCAA Division I basketball teams named in her honor: "Pat Head Summitt Court" at the University of Tennessee at Martin, and "The Summitt" at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville.
  • She also has two streets named after her: "Pat Head Summitt Street" on the University of Tennessee campus and "Pat Head Summitt Avenue" on the University of Tennessee at Martin campus.

Records[edit]

Note: The first season for NCAA Division I women's basketball was the 1981–82 season. Prior to that, Tennessee played women's basketball in the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) in Division I.

  • 2nd in NCAA women's basketball championships (8) behind Geno Auriemma (9)
  • Most seasons coached in NCAA/AIAW play without a losing record (38, lost more than 9 games in a season only 6 times and more than 10 games in a season only twice)
  • Most consecutive NCAA/AIAW postseason appearances (38, never missed a tournament)
  • Most number 1 seeds in NCAA Division I postseason play (20)
  • Most wins as an NCAA/AIAW Division I basketball head coach (1,098; in second place is Mike Krzyzewski with 972 wins)
  • Most wins in NCAA postseason play (109)
  • Most NCAA Final Four appearances (18, six more than John Wooden, who holds the men's records)
  • Most NCAA/AIAW Championship game appearances (15)
  • Most 20-win seasons in NCAA/AIAW play (36, all consecutive seasons)
  • Most 30-win seasons in NCAA/AIAW play (20)
  • Third all-time in winning percentage (minimum 10 seasons) (.841), bested only by Geno Auriemma (.862) and Leon Barmore (.869)
  • 45 former players have become coaches.[54]
  • Every Lady Vol player who completed her eligibility at Tennessee under Summitt graduated with a degree or is in the process of doing so.[55][56]
  • Every Lady Vol player who completed her eligibility at Tennessee under Summitt played in at least one Elite Eight.

Coaching tree[edit]

At least 19 of Summitt's former players and assistant coaches, plus her son, have gone on to pursue their careers in coaching and basketball management:

Name Current position Location Relationship to Summitt Years
Adams, JodyJody Adams Head coach Wichita State Player 1989–93[57]
Albright, JaneJane Albright Head coach Nevada Graduate assistant 1981–83[57]
Butts, NiyaNiya Butts Head coach Arizona Player 1996–2000[57]
Caldwell, NikkiNikki Caldwell Head coach LSU Player
Assistant
1990–94
2003–08[57]
Edwards, TonyaTonya Edwards Head coach Alcorn State Player 1986–90[57]
Elzy, KyraKyra Elzy Assistant Tennessee Player 1996–2001[58]
Fanning-Otis, SharonSharon Fanning-Otis Head coach Mississippi State Graduate assistant 1975–76[57]
Glance, StephanieStephanie Glance Head coach Illinois State Assistant 2009–10[57]
Haave, TonyaTonya Haave Head coach Metropolitan State Player 1980–84[57]
Harper, KellieKellie Harper Head coach Missouri State Player 1995–99[57]
Hatchell, SylviaSylvia Hatchell Head coach North Carolina Graduate assistant 1974–75[57]
Henry Manning, LeaLea Henry Manning Head coach Darton Player 1979–83[57]
Jackson, GwenGwen Jackson Head coach St. Paul's (VA) Player 1999–2003[57]
Lawson, AngelaAngela Lawson Head coach Incarnate Word Graduate assistant 1989–91[57]
McCray, NikkiNikki McCray Assistant coach South Carolina Gamecocks Player 1991–95[57]
Mitchell, MatthewMatthew Mitchell Head coach Kentucky Graduate assistant 1999–2000[57]
Pillow, ShalonShalon Pillow Assistant Kentucky Player 1998–2002[59]
Randall, SemekaSemeka Randall Head coach Ohio Player 1997–2001[57]
Summitt, TylerTyler Summitt Head coach Louisiana Tech Son 1990–present
VanDerveer, HeidiHeidi VanDerveer Head coach Occidental Graduate assistant 1986–88[57]
Warlick, HollyHolly Warlick Head coach Tennessee Player
Assistant
1976–80
1985–2012[60]

Head coaching record[edit]

Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason
Tennessee Lady Volunteers (AIAW) (1974–1979)
1974–75 Tennessee 16–8 TCWSF Eastern District Champions
4th Place TCWSF
1975–76 Tennessee 16–11 4th Place TCWSF
6th Place AIAW Region II
1976–77 Tennessee 28–5 2nd Place TCWSF
AIAW Region II Champions
3rd Place AIAW
1977–78 Tennessee 27–4 2nd Place TCWSF
AIAW Region II Champions
4th Place AIAW South Satellite
1978–79 Tennessee 30–9 TCWSF Champions
2nd Place AIAW Region II
AIAW East Satellite Champions
3rd Place AIAW
Tennessee Lady Volunteers (SEC) (1979–2012)
1979–80 Tennessee 33–5 TCWSF Champions
2nd Place AIAW Region II
AIAW South Satellite Champions
2nd Place AIAW
1980–81 Tennessee 25–6 TCWSF Champions
AIAW Region II Champions
2nd Place AIAW
1981–82 Tennessee 22–10 NCAA Final Four
1982–83 Tennessee 25–8 7–1 1st (East) NCAA Elite Eight
1983–84 Tennessee 23–10 7–1 T–1st (East) NCAA Runner-up
1984–85 Tennessee 22–10 4–4 T–2nd (East) NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1985–86 Tennessee 24–10 5–4 5th NCAA Final Four
1986–87 Tennessee 28–6 6–3 T–4th NCAA Champions
1987–88 Tennessee 31–3 8–1 2nd NCAA Final Four
1988–89† Tennessee 35–2 8–1 2nd NCAA Champions
1989–90 Tennessee 27–6 8–1 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1990–91 Tennessee 30–5 6–3 3rd NCAA Champions
1991–92 Tennessee 28–3 10–1 2nd NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1992–93 Tennessee 29–3 11–0 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1993–94 Tennessee 31–2 11–0 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
1994–95 Tennessee 34–3 11–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
1995–96† Tennessee 32–4 9–2 2nd NCAA Champions
1996–97 Tennessee 29–10 8–4 5th NCAA Champions
1997–98‡ Tennessee 39–0 14–0 1st NCAA Champions
1998–99 Tennessee 31–3 13–1 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1999–00 Tennessee 33–4 13–1 T–1st NCAA Runner-up
2000–01 Tennessee 31–3 14–0 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2001–02 Tennessee 29–5 13–1 1st NCAA Final Four
2002–03 Tennessee 33–5 14–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
2003–04 Tennessee 31–4 14–0 1st NCAA Runner-up
2004–05 Tennessee 30–5 13–1 2nd NCAA Final Four
2005–06 Tennessee 31–5 11–3 2nd NCAA Elite Eight
2006–07# Tennessee 34–3 14–0 1st NCAA Champions
2007–08† Tennessee 36–2 13–1 2nd NCAA Champions
2008–09 Tennessee 22–11 9–5 5th NCAA First Round
2009–10 Tennessee 32–3 15–1 1st NCAA Sweet Sixteen
2010–11 Tennessee 34–3 16–0 1st NCAA Elite Eight
2011–12 Tennessee 27–9 12–4 2nd NCAA Elite Eight
Tennessee: 1098–208 (.841) 306–44 (.874)

Also won SEC Tournament Championship.
# Also won SEC Regular Season Championship.
Also won both SEC Regular Season and
Tournament Championship.

Total: 1098–208 (.841)

      National champion  
      Conference regular season champion         Conference regular season and conference tournament champion
      Division regular season champion       Division regular season and conference tournament champion
      Conference tournament champion

Sources: SEC records;[61] Conference champions[62]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amazon.com, Books by Pat Summitt, Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  2. ^ ESPN Tracking the ascension of Summitt March 19, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "Summitt files for divorce". 
  4. ^ Griffith, Mike. "Tyler Summitt's road to being a coach" The Knoxville News-Sentinel, 13 July 2010.
  5. ^ "Marquette tabs Summitt's son". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. April 18, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  6. ^ Wojciechowski, Gene (April 18, 2012). "Tennessee's Summit changed game". ESPN.com. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Pat Summitt: Tyler prepared to coach". ESPN W: Women's Basketball. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Kent Whitworth. "Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Association". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved 2012-08-12. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Summing It Up... The Road To 1,000 Wins". Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  10. ^ "LADY VOL ALL-TIME GAMES VERSUS RANKED TEAMS". UTLADYVOLS.com. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Standing Pat: Summitt's Milestone Wins". Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "Player Bio - Pat Summitt". Archived from the original on 2007-05-26. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  13. ^ "1995–96 Lady Vols". Retrieved 2007-04-05. 
  14. ^ "1996–97 Lady Vols". Retrieved 2007-04-05. 
  15. ^ "The 2005 ESPY Awards – Past ESPY Award Winners". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  16. ^ ".". 2002–03 Lady Vols. Retrieved 2007-04-12. 
  17. ^ "2003–04 Lady Vols". Retrieved 2007-04-12. 
  18. ^ "2004–05 Lady Vols". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  19. ^ "Michigan State 68, Tennessee 64". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  20. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – Tennessee Lady Volunteers / North Carolina Tar Heels Recap". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  21. ^ "Strong Start Powers No. 1 Duke Past No. 4 Tennessee, 74–70". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  22. ^ "Box Score: Tennessee at LSU". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  23. ^ "Box Score: SEC Tournament Semifinals: LSU at Tennessee". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  24. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – North Carolina Tar Heels / Tennessee Lady Volunteers Box Score". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  25. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – North Carolina Tar Heels / Tennessee Lady Volunteers Recap". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  26. ^ "NCAA Women's Basketball – Rutgers Scarlet Knights / Tennessee Lady Volunteers Recap". Retrieved 2007-04-13. 
  27. ^ "Parker, Bobbitt lead UT over OU 70–67". Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  28. ^ "UT Tops Texas on Banner Raising Day 92–67". Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  29. ^ "No. 1 UT Out Battles No. 4 UNC 83–79". Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  30. ^ "No. 1 UT Falls in OT to No. 5 Stanford 73–69". Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  31. ^ "Parker's Late Shot Lifts UT over Duke, 67–64". Retrieved 2008-02-03. [dead link]
  32. ^ Jenkins, Sally (2011-08-23). "Pat Summitt, Tennessee women’s basketball coach, diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  33. ^ "Vols' Summitt diagnosed with dementia, will try to coach". Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  34. ^ "Famous faces of Alzheimer's". USA Today. 
  35. ^ "Pat Summitt diagnosed with early onset dementia – Lady Vols basketball coach has no plans to step down". Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  36. ^ "Pat Summitt steps down". Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  37. ^ Clarke, Liz (2012-04-18). "Pat Summitt to step down: legendary Tennessee women’s basketball coach won 1,098 games, 8 NCAA titles". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  38. ^ Garber, Kent. Showing How the Game is Played. U.S. News and World Report, 2007-11-12.
  39. ^ Bondy, Filip (1997-03-28). "Women Stake Claim In Their Game". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  40. ^ Szulszteyn, Andrea (2001-10-21). "Coaching Quandry". Palm Beach Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  41. ^ "1998 Women's Final Four home". CNN. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved March 18, 2007. 
  42. ^ "Lady Vols Shoot for Place in History". The Washington Post. June 13, 2000. Retrieved March 18, 2007. 
  43. ^ "1979 WOMEN'S R. WILLIAM JONES CUP". USA Basketball. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  44. ^ "1984 WOMEN'S R. WILLIAM JONES CUP". USA Basketball. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  45. ^ "No. 2 Tennessee Pulls Away from No. 7 Lady Tigers, 56-51". Retrieved 2007-02-25. 
  46. ^ "2007 SEC Women's Basketball Awards Announced". Retrieved 2007-02-28. [dead link]
  47. ^ a b c "Past Russell Athletic/WBCA National Coaches of the Year". Women's Basketball Coaches Association. Retrieved 30 Jun 2014. 
  48. ^ "International Women's Sports Hall of Fame". Women's Sports Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  49. ^ "WBHOF Inductees". WBHOF. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  50. ^ "Hall of Famers". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  51. ^ D'Alessio, Jeff (July 29, 2009). "Sporting News' 50 greatest coaches of all time". SportingNews.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  52. ^ http://espn.go.com/video/clip?id=espn:8158576
  53. ^ "FIBA announces 2013 Hall of Fame Class" (Press release). FIBA. May 27, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  54. ^ Karen Crouse (2009-01-24). "Pat Summitt Makes Tennessee a Cradle of Coaches". New York Times. 
  55. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/article/20120301/SPORTS06/303010062/Pat-Summitt-builds-legacy-may-never-matched
  56. ^ ABC News, Pat Summitt: 20 Career Highlights and Surprises November 2, 2011. Accessed April 19, 2012.
  57. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Pat Summitt's coaching tree". The Tennessean. February 29, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Kyra Elzy Profile". University of Tennessee Athletics. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  59. ^ "Shalon Pillow Profile". University of Kentucky Athletics. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  60. ^ "Holly Warlick Profile". University of Tennessee Athletics. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  61. ^ "Women's Basketball Record Book – Through the Years". SEC Sports. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 
  62. ^ "SEC CHAMPIONS/SEC TOURNAMENT CHAMPIONS". University of Tennessee Women's Athletic Department. 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Gary Hall, Sr.
Lawrie Mifflin
Drew Pearson
Cynthia Potter
Sally Ride
Harry Smith
Silver Anniversary Awards (NCAA)
Class of 1999
Dave Casper
Anita DeFrantz
Pat Summitt
Lynn Swann
Robert R. Thomas
Bill Walton
Succeeded by
Dianne Baker
Junior Bridgeman
Pat Haden
Lisa Rosenblum
John Dickson Stufflebeem
John Trembley
Preceded by
United States Dewey Bozella
Arthur Ashe Courage Award
2012
Succeeded by
Incumbent