|This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (March 2008)|
Patan district (Gujarati: પાટણ જિલ્લો) is one of the 26 districts of Gujarat state in western India. This district is located in northern Gujarat and bounded by Banaskantha district in the north and northeast, Mehsana district in the east and southeast, Surendranagar district in the south and Kutch District and the Kutch nu Nanu Ran (Little Rann of Kutch) in the west. The district occupies an area of 5740 km².
Some of its areas, Harij and Sami, bordering Kutch are quite sensitive as there is no settled population between there and the border of Pakistan even though geographically the border is quite some distance away.
Origin of name
The district is named after Patan, the headquarters of the district. It was one of the ancient and early medieval capitals of Gujarat, described vividly in the novels written by K.M. Munshi. Originally King Vanraj Chavda established this new city and named Anahilpur Patan OR Anhilvad Patan after the name of his very close friend and the pioneer in establishing the state of Patan, the long fought battle against the then ruler from south with help of local tribals, citizens and loyal warriors to his father The king of state Panchasara few kilometers away from Patan today. Later, a number of rulers like Bhimdev,Kumarpal,Siddharaj and Karndev ruled from Patan.
Patan district was established in 2000. The district was carved out by amalgamating Sami, Harij, Chanasma, Sidhpur and Patan Talukas of the erstwhile Mehsana District with Radhanpur and Santalpur Talukas of the erstwhile Banaskantha District. There are many Hindu temples and Jain Temple in the district.
Patan district comprises seven talukas: Patan, Santalpur, Radhanpur, Siddhpur, Harij, Sami and Chanasma. Its headquarters is the city of Patan, Gujarat. Apart from Patan, Modhera is also an important tourist destination.
Patan itself has few good tourist spots, to attract people interested in heritage and history. Sahastraling Lake (A lake of thousand Lingas) and Ranakai Vav (A deep well) are very good attractions, apart from Panchasar Jain Temple, which is supposed to have lot ancient writings belonging to Jain religion.
There are nearly 150 Jain temples still in existence. Panchar Parshwanath and Shamla Parasnath are most popular Jain temples in Patan. Apart from that town of Patan has lot of facilities for medical treatment and is undoubtedly the medical centre of North Gujarat.
According to the 2011 census Patan district has a population of 1,342,746, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Maine. This gives it a ranking of 359th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 234 inhabitants per square kilometre (610 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.53%. Patan has a sex ratio of 935 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.47%.
The district had a population of 1,182,709 (male 612,100 and female 570,609) of which 20.16% were urban as of 2001.
Upcoming Solar project
Gujarat would house the largest solar energy park in Asia in two years with a power production capacity of 500MW .The park, on the lines of an industrial estate, is being developed by Gujarat Power Corporation Ltd (GCPL), as the sectoral nodal agency, on around 2,000 hectares of wasteland.bordering the Rann of Kutch, in Patan district. When commissioned, the project would provide 800 million units of power.
|Kutch district||Mahesana district|