Pataudi State

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Pataudi State
पटौदी
Princely State
1804–1947

Flag of Pataudi

Flag

Location of Pataudi
Pataudi in Punjab (British India), 1903
History
 -  Established 1804
 -  Accession to the Union of India 1947
Area
 -  1901 135 km2 (52 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 21,933 
Density 162.5 /km2  (420.8 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Pataudi State was a small princely state in India, established in 1804 during the rule of the British East India Company.[1] With area 52 square miles and capital Pataudi, in present-day Haryana, it was under the political control of the Commissioner of Delhi.[1]

History[edit]

In 1804, the East India Company granted Faiz Talab Khan, the first Nawab of Pataudi, 40 villages and Pataudi town as reward for aiding the Company against the Maratha Empire, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War.[2]

The 8th Nawab, Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi, played cricket for both England and India and captained the latter. His son the last Nawab also captained the Indian cricket team.

At the end of the British Raj and with the political integration of India in 1947, the princely state of Pataudi was absorbed into the new Dominion of India (later Republic of India). In 1971, by virtue of the 26th amendment[3] to the Constitution of India, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and remuneration (privy purses).[4]

The former Pataudi Palace is now a heritage hotel.

Rulers[edit]

The rulers had the title 'Nawab'.[5]

Nawabs[edit]

  • 1804 - 1829 Fa´iz Talab Khan (d. 1829)
  • 1829 - 3 Mar 1862 Akbar `Ali Khan (d. 1862)
  • 1862 - 1867 Mohammad `Ali Taqi Khan (d. 1867?)
  • 1867 - Mar 1878 Mohammad Mokhtar Hosayn `Ali Khan (b. 1856 - d. 1878)
  • 30 Mar 1878 - 1898 Mohammad Momtaz Hosayn `Ali Khan (b. 1874 - d. ....)
  • 1898 - 1913 Mohammad Mozaffar `Ali Khan
  • 1913 - 30 Nov 1917 Mohammad Ebrahim `Ali Khan (d. 1917)
  • 30 Nov 1917 - 15 Aug 1947 Mohammad Eftekhar `Ali Khan (b. 1910 - d. 1952)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Imperial Gazetter of India, Volume 21, page 310 - Imperial Gazetteer of India - Digital South Asia Library". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  2. ^ http://www.hindu.com/mag/2003/08/03/stories/2003080300740800.htm
  3. ^ "The Constitution (26 Amendment) Act, 1971", indiacode.nic.in (Government of India), 1971, retrieved 9 November 2011 
  4. ^ 1. Ramusack, Barbara N. (2004). The Indian princes and their states. Cambridge University Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-0-521-26727-4. Retrieved 6 November 2011. , "Through a constitutional amendment passed in 1971, Indira Gandhi stripped the princes of the titles, privy purses and regal privileges which her father's government had granted." (p 278). 2. Naipaul, V. S. (8 April 2003), India: A Wounded Civilization, Random House Digital, Inc., pp. 37–, ISBN 978-1-4000-3075-0, retrieved 6 November 2011  Quote: "The princes of India – their number and variety reflecting to a large extent the chaos that had come to the country with the break up of the Mughal empire – had lost real power in the British time. Through generations of idle servitude they had grown to specialize only in style. A bogus, extinguishable glamour: in 1947, with Independence, they had lost their state, and Mrs. Gandhi in 1971 had, without much public outcry, abolished their privy purses and titles." (pp 37–38). 3. Schmidt, Karl J. (1995), An atlas and survey of South Asian history, M.E. Sharpe, p. 78, ISBN 978-1-56324-334-9, retrieved 6 November 2011  Quote: "Although the Indian states were alternately requested or forced into union with either India or Pakistan, the real death of princely India came when the Twenty-sixth Amendment Act (1971) abolished the princes' titles, privileges, and privy purses." (page 78). 4. Breckenridge, Carol Appadurai (1995), Consuming modernity: public culture in a South Asian world, U of Minnesota Press, pp. 84–, ISBN 978-0-8166-2306-8, retrieved 6 November 2011  Quote: "The third stage in the political evolution of the princes from rulers to citizens occurred in 1971, when the constitution ceased to recognize them as princes and their privy purses, titles, and special privileges were abolished." (page 84). 5. Guha, Ramachandra (5 August 2008), India After Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy, HarperCollins, pp. 441–, ISBN 978-0-06-095858-9, retrieved 6 November 2011  Quote: "Her success at the polls emboldened Mrs. Gandhi to act decisively against the princes. Through 1971, the two sides tried and failed to find a settlement. The princes were willing to forgo their privy purses, but hoped at least to save their titles. But with her overwhelming majority in Parliament, the prime minister had no need to compromise. On 2 December she introduced a bill to amend the constitution and abolish all princely privileges. It was passed in the Lok Sabha by 381 votes to six, and in the Rajya Sabha by 167 votes to seven. In her own speech, the prime minister invited 'the princes to join the elite of the modern age, the elite which earns respect by its talent, energy and contribution to human progress, all of which can only be done when we work together as equals without regarding anybody as of special status.' " (page 441). 6. Cheesman, David (1997). Landlord power and rural indebtedness in colonial Sind, 1865-1901. London: Routledge. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-7007-0470-5. Retrieved 6 November 2011.  Quote: "The Indian princes survived the British Raj by only a few years. The Indian republic stripped them of their powers and then their titles." (page 10). 7. Merriam-Webster, Inc (1997), Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, Merriam-Webster, pp. 520–, ISBN 978-0-87779-546-9, retrieved 6 November 2011  Quote: "Indian States: "Various (formerly) semi-independent areas in India ruled by native princes .... Under British rule ... administered by residents assisted by political agents. Titles and remaining privileges of princes abolished by Indian government 1971." (page 520). 8. Ward, Philip (September 1989), Northern India, Rajasthan, Agra, Delhi: a travel guide, Pelican Publishing, pp. 91–, ISBN 978-0-88289-753-0, retrieved 6 November 2011  Quote: "A monarchy is only as good as the reigning monarch: thus it is with the princely states. Once they seemed immutable, invincible. In 1971 they were "derecognized," their privileges, privy purses and titles all abolished at a stroke" (page 91)
  5. ^ Princely States of India

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°19′N 76°47′E / 28.32°N 76.78°E / 28.32; 76.78