Patbingsu and nokcha bingsu (green tea bingsu)
|Place of origin||Korea|
|Main ingredient(s)||Red bean paste, Shaved ice|
|Variations||Green tea bingsu|
Patbingsu (팥빙수, also stylized as patbingsoo, literally red beans with ice) is a Korean shaved ice dessert with sweet toppings such as chopped fruit, condensed milk, fruit syrup, and red bean paste. The snack is highly popular.
The early forms of patbingsu consisted of shaved ice and two or three ingredients, red bean paste, tteok, and ground nut powder. The earliest forms of patbingsu can be found in the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1897). Government records show officials sharing crushed ice topped with various fruits. Some historians believe that the early forms originated from a Chinese tradition of eating snow or ice topped with fruit juices, but Korea disputes this origin.
The modern forms of patbingsu are reputed to originate during the period of Korea under Japanese rule (1910-1945) with the introduction of a cold red bean paste dish. However, the combinations of red bean paste and shaved ice is a Korean invention. During the Korean War (1950-1953), foreign influence led to the inclusion of ingredients such as Fruit cocktail, ice cream, fruits, nuts, cereal, and syrups, and whipped cream. In the 1970s and 1980s, popular ingredients included fruit cocktail, whipped cream, and maraschino cherries.
Currently, there are a variety of patbingsu types and flavors. Many bingsus do not follow the tradition and some do not include the red bean paste. Some popular flavors are: green tea, coffee, and yogurt.
Lotteria offers an elaborate version with ice cream
A yogurt bingsu from the popular Korean Red Mango chain
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