Paternò

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Paternò
Comune
Città di Paternò
The steps of the Chiesa madre di Santa Maria dell'Alto.
The steps of the Chiesa madre di Santa Maria dell'Alto.
Coat of arms of Paternò
Coat of arms
Paternò is located in Italy
Paternò
Paternò
Location of Paternò in Italy
Coordinates: 37°34′N 14°54′E / 37.567°N 14.900°E / 37.567; 14.900Coordinates: 37°34′N 14°54′E / 37.567°N 14.900°E / 37.567; 14.900
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province Catania (CT)
Frazioni Sferro
Government
 • Mayor Mauro Mangano (PD)
Area
 • Total 144.04 km2 (55.61 sq mi)
Elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 49,250
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Demonym Paternesi, Patornesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 95047
Dialing code 095
Patron saint Santa Barbara and San Vincenzo Martyr
Saint day December 4
Website Official website

Paternò (Sicilian: Patennò) is a town and comune in the Province of Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.

History[edit]

The site of Paternò was settled before 3500 BCE. Its inhabitants were probably the Sicani, although it was located in mainly Sicel territory; its initial name was Inessa. The modern name derives form the Greek Paeter Aitnaion, meaning the "Fortress of the Etnaeans". The presence of another town, called Hybla Mayor or Galeatis, is attested north west to the current town.

A centre of medium importance in the Greek and Roman eras, it was largely depopulated in the three centuries before 1000 AD; during the subsequent Arab domination of Sicily, it was known as Batarnù. After the Norman conquest in the 1040s, it was renamed Paternionis and began a period of flourishing. It was here that King Frederick III of Sicily created the Camera Reginale ("Queen's Chamber") as a wedding gift for his wife Eleanor of Anjou, and this was inherited by the subsequent Queens of Sicily. This period of splendour for Paternò lasted until the 15th century, when it became a fief and in consequence slowly lost importance.

Historically, the area around Paternò was plagued by malaria, caused by the marshlands of the Plain of Catania. This has since long been remedied, and the urban development of the town enjoyed a large acceleration in the 1960s and 1970s.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Norman Castle, built in 1072 by order of Roger I of Sicily.
  • Mother Church (Chiesa Madre di Santa Maria dell'Alto), built in 1342 and largely modified in the early 18th century. It is connected by a scenic staircase to the Porta del Borgo
  • San Francesco alla Collina (1346), with a church in Gothic style and remains of Baroque decorations.
  • Roccoco church of Cristo al Monte.
  • Church of St.Catherine of Alexandria
  • Santa Maria della Valle di Iosaphat, commissioned in 1072 by Adelaide del Vasto, with a precious Gothic portal.
  • Associazione Culturale Paternesi.com, a cultural association born in November 2002, from an idea of Giorgio Ciancitto, to take care of the city of Paternò around the world.

References[edit]

External links[edit]