Downtown Paterson

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Downtown Paterson is the main commercial district of Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, in the United States, The area is the oldest part of the city alonf=gthe banks of the Passaic River and the Great Falls. It is roughly bounded by Interstate 80, Garret Mountain Reservation, Route 19, Oliver Street, and Spruce Street on the south; the Passaic River, West Broadway, Cliff Street, North 3rd Street, Haledon Avenue, and the border with Prospect Park on the west; and the Passaic River also to the north.

Downtown Paterson, New Jersey

Overview[edit]

After a devastating fire in 1902, the city rebuilt the downtown with massive Beaux-Arts-style buildings, many of which remain to this day.[1][2][3] Many fall within the Downtown Commercial Historic District.[4] These buildings are usually four to seven stories tall. Downtown Paterson is home to City Hall and the Passaic County Court House, two of the city's architectural landmarks. City Hall was designed by the New York firm Carrere and Hastings in 1894 and is modeled after the Hôtel de Ville (city hall) in Lyon, France, capital of the silk industry in Europe. Downtown abounds with buildings designed by Fred Wesley Wentworth, some in collaboration with his draftsman and later partner Frederick J. Vreeland, who worked in the city from the turn of the century to the 1930s.[5][6] The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist survived the fire. Passaic County Community College and Paterson Broadway Bus Terminal are in the district.

CBD, SID, and UEZ[edit]

The central business district of Paterson is the area closest to the Passaic River on the West side of the city. The areas along Market Street and Main Street are some of the busiest and largest commercial districts in Paterson. Downtown and was once a shopping mecca for northern New Jersey. As with many other oldrt urban cores in the United States, it suffered as shoppers and retailers moved to the suburban shopping malls of the region. For a large part, Downtown retailers are "mom and pop" retailers who employee local residents. In 1997, a special improvement district (SID) created by Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson [7] comprising over 300 stakeholders update storefronts and "beutifiy" city streets with signage and lighting. Downtown SID employees supplement the municipal cleaning, informational, safety services of the city by maintaining a "Clean and Safe" staff. The association participates in many city activities with sponsorships such as the Great Falls Festival and the annual 4th of July fireworks show, one of Northern New Jersey's largest. Additionally, the SID implements several events throughout the year, which take place in Downtown Paterson. Downtown Paterson is an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), which means that participating stores sell merchandise at 3.5% sales tax, instead of the normal 7% sales tax. The UEZ, also invested greatly in Downtown Paterson and the entire stretch of Main Street, with a beautification project. New street furniture such as benches, garbage cans, newspaper kiosks, bus shelters, clocks, bike racks have been installed. Center City Mall is a 320,000-square-foot (30,000 m2) shopping mall at 301 Main Street opened in 2009, and is home to acclaimed Hamilton & Ward Steakhouse. Residents of the CBD have a diverse ethnic makeup with a large Dominican, Puerto Rican, and Mexican population. Little Lima, the largest Peruvian American enclave in the United States.[8] The massive Mosque, Masjid Jalalabad, which can accommodate 1,500 worshippers is located on Van Houten Street.

Tallest commercial buildings[edit]

Rank Name Address image Height
m/ft
Floors Year Notes
1 Alexander Hamilton Plaza 100 Hamilton Plaza AlexanderHamilonPlazaPaterson1.tiff 53.65 m (176.0 ft) 14 1973 [9] for Alexander Hamilton
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist 381 Grand Street Stjohnscathedral.jpg n/a 1868 by Patrick Keely
3 Paterson City Hall 155 Market Street Patercityhall.JPG 49.99 m (164.0 ft) 5 1896 [10] by Carrère and Hastings
St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center 703 Main Street 39.62 m (130.0 ft) 9 1928 [11]
Fabian Building 31-51 Church Street 29.48 m (96.7 ft) 9 1925 [12] for Jacob Fabian
by F.W.Wentworth
YMCA Building 128 Ward Street 33.16 m (108.8 ft) 9 1929 [13] by F.W. Wentworth
Passaic County Administration Building 401 Grand Street 33.16 m (108.8 ft) 9 1994 [14][15]
Alexander Hamilton Hotel 39-55 Church Street 29.48 m (96.7 ft) 8 1925 [16] by F.W. Wentworth
Center City Mall 301 Main Street 25.79 m (84.6 ft) 2009 [17]
Passaic County Court House 77 Hamilton Street 25.79 m (84.6 ft) 1968 [18]
Robert A Roe Federal Building 200 Federal Plaza 22.11 m (72.5 ft) 6 [19][20] for Robert A. Roe

Historic Districts[edit]

Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District
Downtown Paterson NJ.JPG
Main Street in Paterson
Downtown Paterson is located in Passaic County, New Jersey
Downtown Paterson
Location Roughly bounded by Patterson, Ward and Gross Streets, and Hamilton Avenue
Coordinates 40°55′2″N 74°10′21″W / 40.91722°N 74.17250°W / 40.91722; -74.17250Coordinates: 40°55′2″N 74°10′21″W / 40.91722°N 74.17250°W / 40.91722; -74.17250
Area 41 acres (17 ha)
Built 1851
Architect John Merven Carrère; et al.
Architectural style Beaux Arts, Romanesque
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 99000192[21]
NJRHP # 170[22]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 12, 1999
Designated NJRHP December 15, 1998

Many places that are on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey are located in Paterson, and several are located Downtown including Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District, roughly bounded by Patterson, Ward and Gross Streets, and Hamilton Avenue
40°55′2″N 74°10′21″W / 40.91722°N 74.17250°W / 40.91722; -74.17250 (Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District), Paterson City Hall at 155 Market Street
40°55′0″N 74°10′19″W / 40.91667°N 74.17194°W / 40.91667; -74.17194 (Paterson City Hall) was added to the National Register of Historic Places[23] on February 12, 1999.Public School Number Two at Mill and Passaic Streets.
40°54′55″N 74°10′38″W / 40.91528°N 74.17722°W / 40.91528; -74.17722 (Public School Number Two)The area near the u-shape Spruce Street and McBride Avenue is part of a redevelopment area of the Great Falls Historic District. The northern section of Ellison and Mill Streets, which are downriver from the falls are also part of this area and are usually considered part of Downtown.

Dublin Area[edit]

Dublin, considered the first neighborhood of Paterson, was built up around the mills near Great Falls. The area, which is responsible for the early growth of Paterson, has a rich history and has had a diverse and changing ethnic makeup. Originally settled by Irish immigrants, the neighborhood has seen waves of English, Italians and more recently Hispanic immigrants. The Dublin area today incorporates parts of Great Falls Historic District and the area on Market Street, which has a large Peruvian and Argentine population today.

Wrigley Park[edit]

Wrigley Park is the northern section of downtown, north of Broadway and to the east of the Passaic River. Wrigley Park is a predominately African-American community and is mostly residential. The area is considered to be one of the more dangerous sections of Paterson along with areas of The Northside, although the crime-rate has declined gradual in recent years.

The Northside[edit]

Northside is a mostly residential neighborhood on the north bank of the Passaic River. The neighborhood stretches back to Paterson's borders with Haledon and Prospect Park. The neighborhoods on this side of the river are up a steep hill that gives many of the houses and streets in the northside great views of Manhattan.

Transportation[edit]

Train service began with the Paterson and Hudson River Railroad in 1833. The Paterson rail station. Paterson is served by New Jersey Tranist on the Main Line and limited service on the Port Jervis Line. The Broadway Bus Terminal is the origination point for numerous New Jersey Transit bus operations local and Manhattan-bound bus lines.

Interstate 80 passes south of Dowtown. Route 19, known as the Paterson Peripheral, connects Interstate 80 and the Garden State Parkway to Downtown where it becomes Ward Street.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simon, Lizzie (November 11, 2012). "Discovering Paterson One Building at a Time". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  2. ^ "Walking Tour of Downtown". Paterson History. Retrieved 2014-09-15. 
  3. ^ "Book looks at life and times of Fred Wentworth". Foster's Daily Democrat. February 7, 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  4. ^ "Paterson Listed Historic Sites and Landmarked Buildings Buildings". Greater Paterson.org. May 2008. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  5. ^ Polton, Richard E (2012), The Life and Times of Fred Wesley Wentworth: The Architect Who Shaped Paterson, NJ and Its People, Pine Hill Architectural Press, LLC, ISBN 9780813560786 
  6. ^ "Paterson". Phorio. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  7. ^ "Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson". Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson. Retrieved 2014-10-15. 
  8. ^ "A Brief History of Peruvian Immigration to the United States". yumimmigrantcity.com. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  9. ^ "Alexander Hamilton Plaza". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-06. 
  10. ^ "Paterson City Hall". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-06. 
  11. ^ "Saint Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-08. 
  12. ^ "Fabian Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  13. ^ "YMCA Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  14. ^ "Passaic County Administration Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-03-22. 
  15. ^ "Facilities Plan Phase i: Inventory and Needs Assessment". Passaic County Planning Department. May 23, 2011. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  16. ^ "Alexander Hamilton Hotel". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  17. ^ "Center City Atrium". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-13. 
  18. ^ "Passaic County Court House". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  19. ^ http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/22255
  20. ^ "Robert A. Roe Federal Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  21. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  22. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Passaic County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. January 10, 2010. p. 12. Retrieved April 8, 2010. 
  23. ^ http://www.patersonhistory.com/tours/downtown.html