PathPing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

PathPing is a network utility supplied in Windows NT and beyond that combines the functionality of ping with that of tracert.

It provides details of the path between two hosts and Ping-like statistics for each node in the path based on samples taken over a time period, depending on how many nodes are between the start and end host.

The advantages of PathPing over ping and traceroute are that each node is pinged as the result of a single command, and that the behavior of nodes is studied over an extended time period, rather than the default ping sample of four messages or default traceroute single route trace. The disadvantage is that it takes a total of 25 seconds per hop to show the ping statistics.[1]

Usage[edit]

C:\Documents and Settings\User>pathping

Usage: pathping [-g host-list] [-h maximum_hops] [-i address] [-n]
               [-p period] [-q num_queries] [-w timeout] [-P] [-R] [-T]
               [-4] [-6] target_name

Options:
   -g host-list     Loose source route along host-list.
   -h maximum_hops  Maximum number of hops to search for target.
   -i address       Use the specified source address.
   -n               Do not resolve addresses to hostnames.
   -p period        Wait period milliseconds between pings.
   -q num_queries   Number of queries per hop.
   -w timeout       Wait timeout milliseconds for each reply.
   -P               Test for RSVP PATH connectivity.
   -R               Test if each hop is RSVP aware.
   -T               Test connectivity to each hop with Layer-2 priority tags.
   -4               Force using IPv4.
   -6               Force using IPv6.[2]

Sample[edit]

>pathping wikipedia.org

Tracing route to wikipedia.com [207.142.131.235]
over a maximum of 30 hops:
  0  simonslaptop [192.168.0.11] 
  1  192.168.0.1 
  2  thus1-hg2.ilford.broadband.bt.net [217.32.64.73] 
  3  217.32.64.34 
  4  217.32.64.110 
  5  anchor-border-1-4-0-2-191.router.demon.net [212.240.162.126] 
  6  anchor-core-2-g0-0-1.router.demon.net [194.70.98.29] 
  7  ny1-border-1-a1-0-s2.router.demon.net [194.70.97.66] 
  8  ge-8-0-153.ipcolo1.NewYork1.Level3.net [209.246.123.177] 
  9  ae-0-51.bbr1.NewYork1.Level3.net [64.159.17.1] 
 10  so-2-0-0.mp1.Tampa1.Level3.net [209.247.11.201] 
 11  ge-6-0.hsa2.Tampa1.Level3.net [64.159.1.10] 
 12  unknown.Level3.net [63.208.24.2] 
 13  

Computing statistics for 325 seconds...
            Source to Here   This Node/Link
Hop  RTT    Lost/Sent = Pct  Lost/Sent = Pct  Address
  0                                           simonslaptop [192.168.0.11] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  1    0ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  192.168.0.1 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  2   18ms     1/ 100 =  1%     1/ 100 =  1%  thus1-hg2.ilford.broadband.bt.net  [217.32.64.73]  
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  3   18ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  217.32.64.34 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  4   21ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  217.32.64.110 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  5   21ms     1/ 100 =  1%     1/ 100 =  1%  anchor-border-1-4-0-2-191.router.demon.net [212.240.162.126] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  6  ---     100/ 100 =100%   100/ 100 =100%  anchor-core-2-g0-0-1.router.demon.net [194.70.98.29] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  7  ---     100/ 100 =100%   100/ 100 =100%  ny1-border-1-a1-0-s2.router.demon.net [194.70.97.66] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  8  100ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  ge-8-0-153.ipcolo1.NewYork1.Level3.net [209.246.123.177] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
  9   94ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  ae-0-51.bbr1.NewYork1.Level3.net [64.159.17.1] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
 10  134ms     1/ 100 =  1%     1/ 100 =  1%  so-2-0-0.mp1.Tampa1.Level3.net [209.247.11.201] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
 11  137ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  ge-6-0.hsa2.Tampa1.Level3.net [64.159.1.10] 
                                0/ 100 =  0%   |
 12  131ms     0/ 100 =  0%     0/ 100 =  0%  unknown.Level3.net [63.208.24.2] 
                              100/ 100 =100%   |
 13  ---     100/ 100 =100%     0/ 100 =  0%  win2000 [0.0.0.0] 

Trace complete.
>pathping wikipedia.org -q 10[3]

Tracing route to wikipedia.org [66.230.200.100]
over a maximum of 30 hops:
  0  Aaron.hsd1.mn.comcast.net. [192.168.11.3]
  1  air.setup [192.168.11.1]
  2  73.127.68.1
  3  ge-1-38-ur01.minnetonka.mn.minn.comcast.net [68.86.234.41]
  4  68.86.232.37
  5  68.86.232.33
  6     *     68.86.232.5
  7  68.86.232.1
  8  12.116.99.41
  9  tbr2.cgcil.ip.att.net [12.122.99.70]
 10     *     ggr2.cgcil.ip.att.net [12.123.6.69]
 11  ar1-a3120s2.wswdc.ip.att.net [192.205.34.6]
 12  66.192.247.163
 13  ge8-13.csw5-pmtpa.wikimedia.org [66.193.50.242]
 14     *     rr.pmtpa.wikimedia.org [66.230.200.100]

Computing statistics for 35 seconds...
            Source to Here   This Node/Link
Hop  RTT    Lost/Sent = Pct  Lost/Sent = Pct  Address
  0                                           Aaron.hsd1.mn.comcast.net. [192.168.11.3]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  1    0ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  air.setup [192.168.11.1]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  2    8ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  73.127.68.1
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  3    8ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  ge-1-38-ur01.minnetonka.mn.minn.comcast.net [68.86.234.41]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  4    9ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  68.86.232.37
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  5    8ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  68.86.232.33
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  6   12ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  68.86.232.5
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  7    8ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  68.86.232.1
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  8   20ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  12.116.99.41
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
  9  ---      10/  10 =100%    10/  10 =100%  tbr2.cgcil.ip.att.net [12.122.99.70]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
 10  ---      10/  10 =100%    10/  10 =100%  ggr2.cgcil.ip.att.net [12.123.6.69]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
 11  ---      10/  10 =100%    10/  10 =100%  ar1-a3120s2.wswdc.ip.att.net [192.205.34.6]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
 12  ---      10/  10 =100%    10/  10 =100%  66.192.247.163
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
 13   63ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  ge8-13.csw5-pmtpa.wikimedia.org [66.193.50.242]
                                0/  10 =  0%   |
 14   63ms     0/  10 =  0%     0/  10 =  0%  rr.pmtpa.wikimedia.org [66.230.200.100]

Trace complete.
>pathping wikipedia.org -n

Tracing route to wikipedia-lb.eqiad.wikimedia.org [208.80.154.225]over a maximum of 30 hops:
 0  192.168.1.102
 1  192.168.1.1
 2  10.202.181.110
 3  10.202.182.109
 4  10.202.181.153
 5  10.202.181.49
 6  212.72.4.97
 7  82.178.32.102
 8  63.218.109.117
 9  63.218.44.38
10  206.111.0.249
11  216.156.8.189
12     *        *        *
Computing statistics for 275 seconds...

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ PathPing - TechNet, Microsoft
  2. ^
     C:\Documents and Settings\User>ver
     
     Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
    
  3. ^ note the shorter wait with only 10 queries per hop instead of the default 100