The word comes to English from Spanish, where it has a different meaning, namely a roofless inner courtyard.
Patios are most commonly constructed from paving slabs (also known as paving flags). There are two main types of paving slab; concrete or stone. Concrete slabs are cheaper than their natural stone counterparts. This is because the cost of production is far lower. Concrete slabs are produced solely within a manufacturing plant unlike natural stone which is extracted from quarries.
As well as paving slabs, patios can also be created using other durable surfaces such as bricks, block paving, tile, concrete, natural paving stones or cobbles.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Patio". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.