Patna Junction railway station
Indian Railway Station
The main entrance of the station
|Address||Station Road, Patna, Bihar
|Elevation||57 metres (187 ft)|
|Line(s)||Howrah-Delhi main line
|Structure type||Standard (on ground station)|
|Zone(s)||East Central Railway|
|Owned by||East Central Railway of the Indian Railways|
|Formerly||East Indian Railways|
|Passengers ()||3 lakh per day|
Patna Junction, station code PNBE, is the railway station serving the capital city of Patna in the Patna district in the Indian state of Bihar. The Patna Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network. Patna lies in between New Delhi and Kolkata which is one of the busiest rail route in India. Patna has trains running frequently to Delhi and Kolkata. The city is a major railway hub and has six major stations: Patna Junction, Rajendranagar Terminal, Gulzarbagh Station, Danapur Terminal, Patliputra Junction and Patna Sahib Station. Patna is well connected with Gaya, Jehanabad Biharsharif, Rajgir, Islampur through daily passenger and express train services. Currently, the Indian Railways has floated tenders to modernize Patna Junction.
The railway line through Patna was opened in 1862. Prior to that the transport of raw materials and finished goods was done through the river transport on Ganga river There are two branch lines one is in the western zone that connects Patna junction railway station with Digha Ghat and the other is in the eastern zone connecting the Patna City railway station with Patna Ghat The Danapur Division came into existence on 1 January 1925. The present Divisional Railway Managers’s office building was built in 1929 
In 1948 Eastern Railway(ER) started an exclusively third class express train known as 'Janta Express' on 1 October 1948. This initially ran between Patna and Delhi and later on was extended from Delhi up to Howrah in 1949. This was the first Janta Express train in India.
At the Rajendra Nagar Terminal and Patna Junction route relay interlocking (RRI) system were installed between 7 February 2012 till 12 February. The presence of RRI system allows computer operated change of tracks for running trains. The presence of RRT system improves the safety of the railway traffic in the region.
In 2009, the construction of India's longest road-cum-rail bridge, Ganga Rail-Road Bridge, was underway on the banks on the Ganges nearby and will connect Patna to Pahleja Ghat. The bridge is expected to be completed by end of 2015. Sources say that when completed it will be 4.55 kilometres (2.83 mi) long and therefore the longest road cum rail bridge in India and one of the longest in the world.
In Feb 2012, The Indian Railways had planned to set up a Railway Station Development Corporation (RSDC) that will work on improving the major railway stations including Patna Junction by building and developing Restaurants, shopping areas and food plaza for commercial business and improving passenger amenities
The major facilities available are Waiting rooms, retiring room, computerised reservation facility, Reservation Counter, Vehicle parking etc. The vehicles are allowed to enter the station premises. There are refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway police(G.R.P) office. There is a special foreign tourist ticket counter at the first floor reservation office in the right hand wing of the railway station premises Patna Junction is located close to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Bihar.
To modernise the train inquiry system a call centre has been opened at Patna in 2005. People from Bihar can inquiry about arrival and departure of trains, reservation status, fare, concessions, etc., by dialling a universal telephone number 139 at local call rates. 200 to 500 lines are used in a call centre to ensure that the phone lines do not remain busy and a large number of people can access the facility of enquiry simultaneously. This facility was extended throughout the India by the end of 2005–06 to get the desired train related information by dialling a universal number 139 at local call charges. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station. One of the two departmental catering units of Danapur division are located at Patna Junction, the other being at Kiul Junction. Patna Junction is going to have a Metro Station under Patna Metro.
There are 10 platforms at Patna Junction . The platforms are interconnected with three foot over bridge (FOB). The Western Overbridge is called the Delhi end FOB and the easternmost FOB is called Kolkata end FOB.
Patna Junction is among the selected Railway Stations of India where Automated Escalators are being installed. Escalators are installed on Platform 10 and by end of this year it will be installed on the rest of the platforms.
Patna Junction railway station is a major station of the East Central Railways. Its location on the Delhi Kolkata rail route, makes Patna Junction served by numerous express and superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local passenger trains also run from Patna to neighbouring destinations on frequent intervals.
|Train No.||Train Name||Train type||Zone||From|
|63256||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|14084||Sikkim Mahananda Express||Exp||NR||Old Delhi/DLI|
|12545||Karmabhumi Express||SF||ECR||Darbhanga Junction/DBG|
|12361||Asansol-Mumbai CST SF Express||SF||ER||Asansol Junction/ASN|
|12332||Himgiri Express||SF||ER||Jammu Tawi/JAT|
|5652||Varanasi – Guwahti (Weekly) Sp...||Exp||NFR||Varanasi Junction/BSB|
|13049||Howrah-Amritsar Express||Exp||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|22424||New Delhi-Guwahati Rajdhani Express||Raj||NR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|12424||New Delhi – Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express||Raj||NR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|13050||Amritsar Howrah Express||Exp||ER||Amritsar Junction/ASR|
|12505||North East Express||SF||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|15110||Budhpurnima Express||Exp||NER||Varanasi Junction/BSB|
|17610||Purna – Patna Express||Exp||SCR||Purna Junction/PAU|
|19049||Mumbai BDTS-Patna Weekly Express||Exp||WR||Mumbai Bandra Terminus/BDTS|
|13247||Capital Express||Exp||ECR||Kamakhya Junction/KYQ|
|12149||Pune-Patna SF Express||SF||CR||Pune Junction/PUNE|
|13245||Capital Express||Exp||ECR||New Jalpaiguri/NJP|
|13005||Howrah-Amritsar Mail||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12141||Rajendranagar Express||SF||CR||Mumbai CST/CSTM|
|12947||Azimabad Express||SF||WR||Ahmedabad Junction/ADI|
|25631||Bikaner Guwahati Express||Exp||NFR||Bikaner Junction/BKN|
|12333||Vibhuti Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|13347||Palamau Express||Exp||ECR||Barkakana Junction/BRKA|
|23347||Palamu Express||Exp||ECR||Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh/SGRL|
|15636||Guwahati Okha Dwaraka Express||Exp||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|15668||Kamakhya Gandhidham Express||Exp||NFR||Kamakhya Junction/KYQ|
|15632-Slip||Guwahati Barmer Express Slip||Exp||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|15632||Guwahati Barmer Express||Exp||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|12306||New Delhi-Howrah Rajdhani Express||Raj||ER||New Delhi/NDLS|
|63224||Ara Patna MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Ara/ARA|
|13329||Ganga Damodar Express||Exp||ECR||Dhanbad Junction/DHN|
|13483||Farakka Express||Exp||ER||Malda Town/MLDT|
|13413||Farakka Express||Exp||ER||Malda Town/MLDT|
|13415||Malda Patna Express||Exp||ER||Malda Town/MLDT|
|12359||Kolkata Chitpur Patna Garib Ra...||GR||ER||Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA|
|12310||New Delhi-Patna Rajendra Nagar...||Raj||ECR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|22406||AnandVihar Terminal-Bhagalpur ...||GR||NR||Delhi Anand Vihar Termina.../ANVT|
|73203||Kiul Patna Passenger||DEMU||ECR||Kiul Junction/KIUL|
|12570||Anand Vihar Terminus-Jaynagar ...||GR||ECR||Delhi Anand Vihar Termina.../ANVT|
|12326||Nangal Dam- Kolkata Express||SF||ER||Nangal Dam/NLDM|
|12351||Howrah- Danapur Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12318||Akal Takht Express||SF||ER||Amritsar Junction/ASR|
|12316||Ananya Express||SF||ER||Udaipur City/UDZ|
|18184||Danapur – Tatanagar Express||Exp||SER||Danapur/DNR|
|13008||Udyan Abha Toofan Express||Exp||ER||Shri Ganganagar/SGNR|
|28624||Barkakana Rajendranagar Slip Express||Exp||SER||Barkakana Junction/BRKA|
|22213||Kolkata Shalimar – Patna Duronto Express||Drnt||SER||Kolkata Shalimar/SHM|
|12368||Vikramshila Express||SF||ER||Delhi Anand Vihar Termina.../ANVT|
|13111||Lal Quila Express||Exp||ER||Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA|
|12394||Sampoorna Kranti Express||SF||ECR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|23226||Danapur-Saharsa InterCity Link...||Exp||ECR||Danapur/DNR|
|12355||Archana Express||SF||ECR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|12392||Shramjeevi Superfast Express||SF||ECR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|12388||Anand Vihar(T) Rajendra Nagar ...||SF||ECR||Delhi Anand Vihar Termina.../ANVT|
|63242||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|12304||Poorva Express||SF||ER||New Delhi/NDLS|
|53231||Danapur Rajgir Passenger||Pass||ECR||Danapur/DNR|
|73261||Islampur Patna Passenger||DEMU||ECR||Islampur/IPR|
|63217||Mokama Danapur Passenger||MEMU||ECR||Mokama Junction/MKA|
|53208||Buxar Islampur Passenger||Pass||ECR||Buxar/BXR|
|73213||Patnaghat Digha Passenger||DEMU||ECR||Patna Ghat/PTG|
|53229||Rajgir Danapur Passenger||Pass||ECR||Rajgir/RGD|
|63244||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|12295||Sanghamitra Express||SF||SWR||Bangalore City Junction/SBC|
|13202||Mumbai LTT-Patna RajendraNagar...||Exp||ECR||Mumbai Lokmanya Tilak Ter.../LTT|
|53654||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||Pass||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|12578||Bagmati SF Weekly Express||SF||ECR||Bangalore City Junction/SBC|
|16359||Ernakulam-Patna Weekly Express||Exp||SR||Ernakulam Junction (South.../ERS|
|12331||Himgiri Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|13244||Dehri on Sone Patna InterCity ...||Exp||ECR||Dehri on Sone/DOS|
|15281||Kosi Express||Exp||ECR||Saharsa Junction/SHC|
|63232||Buxar Patna Passenger||MEMU||ECR||Buxar/BXR|
|12391||Shramjeevi Superfast Express||SF||ECR||Rajgir/RGD|
|15635||Okha Guwahati Dwarka Express||Exp||NFR||Okha/OKHA|
|11106||Pratham Swatantrata Senani Express||Exp||NCR||Jhansi Junction/JHS|
|15667||Gandhidham-Kamakhya Express||Exp||NFR||Gandhidham Bg/GIMB|
|12142||RajendraNagar Patna- Mumbai CS...||SF||CR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|12567||Saharsa Patna Rajya Rani SF Express||SF||ECR||Saharsa Junction/SHC|
|53660||Sasaram-Patna Passenger||Pass||ECR||Sasaram Junction/SSM|
|19314||Rajendranagar-Indore Express||Exp||WR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|19322||Indore – Rajendra Nagar Via. Faizabad Express||Exp||WR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|12402||Magadh Express||SF||NR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|63207||Jhajha Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Jhajha/JAJ|
|53227||Darbhanga-Patna Kamala Ganga F...||Pass||ECR||Darbhanga Junction/DBG|
|12741||Vasco Patna Express||SF||SWR||Vasco-da-Gama/VSG|
|13424||Ajmer-Bhagalpur Weekly Express||Exp||ER||Ajmer Junction/AII|
|15713||Katihar-Patna InterCity Express||Exp||NFR||Katihar Junction/KIR|
|12336||Mumbai LTT – Bhagalpur SF Express||SF||ER||Mumbai Lokmanya Tilak Ter.../LTT|
|15645||Mumbai LTT-Guwahati Express||Exp||NFR||Mumbai Lokmanya Tilak Ter.../LTT|
|15647||Mumbai LTT-Guwahati Express||Exp||NFR||Mumbai Lokmanya Tilak Ter.../LTT|
|14004||New Delhi-New Farakka Express||Exp||NR||New Delhi/NDLS|
|5653||Guwahati – Varanasi (Weekly) S...||Exp||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|15646||Guwahati-Mumbai LTT Express||Exp||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|63209||Jhajha Patna MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Jhajha/JAJ|
|63246||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|53204||Buxar Patna Passenger||Pass||ECR||Buxar/BXR|
|15648||Guwahati-Mumbai LTT Express||Exp||NFR||Guwahati/GHY|
|8293||Bilaspur – Patna (Weekly) Summ...||Exp||SECR||Bilaspur Junction/BSP|
|19048||Bhagalpur Surat Express||Exp||WR||Bhagalpur/BGP|
|13133||Sealdah-Varanasi Express||Exp||ER||Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH|
|14056||Brahmaputra Mail||NR||Old Delhi/DLI|
|63248||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|12350||NewDelhi-Bhagalpur Weekly SF Express||SF||ER||New Delhi/NDLS|
|63250||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|18626||Hatia-Patna Super Express||Exp||SER||Hatia/HTE|
|13134||Varanasi- Sealdah Express||Exp||ER||Varanasi Junction/BSB|
|9409||Ahmedabad – Patna (Weekly) Spe...||Exp||WR||Ahmedabad Junction/ADI|
|12362||Mumbai CST-Asansol SF Express||SF||ER||Mumbai CST/CSTM|
|12317||Akal Takht Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH|
|12303||Poorva Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12325||Kolkata- Nangal Dam Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA|
|19313||Indore - Patna Express||Exp||WR||Indore Junction BG/INDB|
|19321||Indore – Rajendra Nagar Via. Faizabad Express||Exp||WR||Indore Junction BG/INDB|
|12387||Rajendra Nagar Anand Vihar(T) ...||SF||ER||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|53206||Buxar Patna Passenger||Pass||ECR||Buxar/BXR|
|13040||Janata Express||Exp||ER||Old Delhi/DLI|
|13331||Dhanbad Patna Express||Exp||ECR||Dhanbad Junction/DHN|
|13240||Patna – Kota Express||Exp||ECR||Kota Junction/MTJ|
|13238||Patna – Kota Express||Exp||ECR||Kota Junction/MTJ|
|12393||Sampoorna Kranti Express||SF||ER||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|12370||Kumbh Express / HW HWH S F EXP||SF||ER||Haridwar Junction/HW|
|63252||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|63220||Raghunathpur Patna MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Raghunathpur/RPR|
|11105||Pratham Swatantrata Senani Express||Exp||NCR||Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA|
|14003||New Farakka-New Delhi Express||Exp||NR||New Farakka Junction/NFK|
|53207||Islampur Buxar Passenger||Pass||ECR||Islampur/IPR|
|53230||Danapur Rajgir Passenger||Pass||ECR||Danapur/DNR|
|73214||Dighaghat Patnaghat Passenger||DEMU||ECR||Digha Ghat/DGHT|
|63218||Danapur Mokameh passenger||MEMU||ECR||Danapur/DNR|
|73205||Mokameh-Patna Passenger DEMU||DEMU||ECR||Mokama Junction/MKA|
|18183||Tatanagar – Danapur Express||Exp||SER||Tatanagar Junction/TATA|
|12395||RajendraNagar-Ajmer Ibadat Exp...||SF||ER||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|22405||Bhagalpur – Delhi AnandVihar T...||GR||NR||Bhagalpur/BGP|
|12569||Jaynagar-Delhi AnandViharT Gar...||GR||ECR||Jaynagar/JYG|
|12791||Secunderabad-Patna SF Express||SF||SCR||Secunderabad Junction/SC|
|12309||Rajendra Nagar-New Delhi Rajdhani Express||Raj||ECR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|13112||Lal Quila Express||Exp||ER||Old Delhi/DLI|
|83112||Danapur Giridih Express||Exp||ECR||Danapur/DNR|
|23225||Saharsa-Dnapur InterCity Link ...||Exp||ECR||Saharsa Junction/SHC|
|63226||Buxar Patna Passenger||MEMU||ECR||Buxar/BXR|
|12577||Bagmati SF Weekly Express||SF||ECR||Darbhanga Junction/DBG|
|73263||Islampur Patna Passenger||DEMU||ECR||Islampur/IPR|
|13288||South Bihar Express||Exp||ECR||Danapur/DNR|
|16309||Ernakulam-Patna Express||Exp||SR||Ernakulam Junction (South.../ERS|
|13414||Farakka Express||Exp||ER||Old Delhi/DLI|
|13484||Farakka Express||Exp||ER||Old Delhi/DLI|
|13007||Udyan Abha Toofan Express||Exp||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12352||Danapur- Howrah Express||SF||ER||Danapur/DNR|
|12327||Upasana Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12369||Kumbha Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12305||Howrah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express||Raj||ER||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|53232||Rajgir Danapur Passenger||Pass||ECR||Rajgir/RGD|
|18623||Patna Rajendra Nagar-Hatia Express||Exp||SER||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|63254||Gaya Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Gaya Junction/GAYA|
|18623-Slip||Patna Rajendra Nagar-Hatia Express||Exp||ECR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|13006||Amritsar Howrah Mail||ER||Amritsar Junction/ASR|
|22423||Guwahati-New Delhi Rajdhani Express||Raj||NR||Guwahati/GHY|
|12423||Dibrugarh- New Delhi Rajdhani Express||Raj||NR||Dibrugarh Town/DBRT|
|12315||Ananya Express||SF||ER||Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH|
|12506||North East Express||SF||NFR||Delhi Anand Vihar Termina.../ANVT|
|12366||Ranchi Patna Jan Shatabdi Express||JShtb||ER||Ranchi Junction/RNC|
|12023||Howrah-Patna Jan Shatabdi||JShtb||ECR||Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH|
|12349||Bhagalpur-NewDelhi Weekly SF Express||SF||ER||Bhagalpur/BGP|
|12334||Vibhuti Express||SF||ER||Allahabad City/ALY|
|12356||Archana Express||SF||ECR||Jammu Tawi/JAT|
|73211||Patnaghat Patna Passenger||DEMU||ECR||Patna Ghat/PTG|
|12396||Ajmer-RajendraNagar Ziyarat Express||SF||ECR||Ajmer Junction/AII|
|13235||Sahibganj-Danapur InterCity||Exp||ECR||Sahibganj Junction/SBG|
|14083||Sikkim Mahananda Express||Exp||NR||Alipur Duar Junction/APDJ|
|12488||Seemanchal Express||SF||NR||Delhi Anand Vihar Termina.../ANVT|
|63228||Baxur Patna Passenger MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Buxar/BXR|
|63211||Jhajha Patna MEMU||MEMU||ECR||Jhajha/JAJ|
|13201||Patna RajendraNagar-Mumbai LTT...||Exp||ECR||Rajendra Nagar Bihar/RJPB|
|12295||Sanghamithra Express||Exp||SWR||Bangalore City/SBC|
The nearest airport to Patna Junction are
- Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
- Gaya International Airport 108 kilometres (67 mi)
Patna travel guide from Wikivoyage
- "Route relay interlocking system now operational at Patna junction". The Times of India. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- Intra Urban Market Geography. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 35–. GGKEY:H0N03P8ZTPB. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "History of Electrification". information published by CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- Kumod Verma (17 December 2013). "Patna Junction to get two escalators by Jan-end". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Kory Goldberg; Michelle Dcary (9 November 2009). Along the Path – The Meditator's Companion to the Buddha's Land. Pariyatti. pp. 200–. ISBN 978-1-928706-56-4. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- Tom Woodhatch (1999). Nepal handbook. Footprint Travel Guides. pp. 435–. ISBN 978-1-900949-44-6. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Rlys to build 5 deluxe toilets". The Times of India. 14 October 2011.
- "Danapur Division". Background. Official Website of the East Central Railway, Gov of India. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Indian Railway History Time line". Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Several trains rescheduled, cancelled from Feb 7 to 12". The Times of India. 5 February 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "India's longest rail-cum-road bridge to come up in Bihar". Hindustan Times. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "Digha bridge cost likely to jump by Rs 3,000 cr". The Times of India. 3 July 2011.
- "Railways to set up body to develop stations". The Times of India. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "List of Locations (Irrespective of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Official website of the Indian Railways. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "Patna Railway station". Travel, Indian Railways. makemytrip.com. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- Sarina Singh; Lindsay Brown; Mark Elliott; Paul Harding, Abigail Hole, Patrick Horton (1 September 2009). Lonely Planet India. Lonely Planet. pp. 573–. ISBN 978-1-74179-151-8. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Speech: Railway Budget 2005–06". Press Information Bureau, Govt of India. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "8 more stations to be made models". The Times of India. 12 May 2002. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Rly catering services to be privatised". The Times of India. 28 November 2004. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Patna Metro
- "'Stampede' on Patna Junction FOB". The Times of India. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Patna Junction to have Automatic Escalators for Passengers". Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Trains at Patna Junction". India Rail Info. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Patna Junction Railway Station Details". indiantrains.org. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Patna Railway Station". onefivenine.com. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Patna.|