Patna district

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Patna district
पटना जिला =پٹنہ ضلع
District of Bihar
Location of Patna district in Bihar
Location of Patna district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Patna division
Headquarters Patna
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Patna Sahib, Pataliputra
 • Assembly seats 14
Area
 • Total 3,202 km2 (1,236 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,772,804
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,961,532 (41.6 per cent) (2,001)
Demographics
 • Literacy 72.47 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 892
Major highways NH 30, NH 83
Website Official website

Patna district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, with Patna as the district headquarters. Patna district is a part of Patna division. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Bihar (out of 39).[3]

History[edit]

In 1976, Nalanda district was split from Patna.[4]

Today, it is one of the fastest growing district of India.

Geography[edit]

Patna district occupies an area of 3,202 square kilometres (1,236 sq mi),[5] comparatively equivalent to the Solomon Islands' Makira Island.[6]

Blocks: Patna Sadar, Phulwari sharif, Sampatchak, Fatuha, Khusrupur, Daniyawaan,Bakhtiyarpur, Barh, Belchi, Athmalgola, Mokama, Pandarak, Ghoswari, Bihta, Maner, Danapur, Naubatpur, Masaurhi, Dhanarua, Punpun.

Sub-divisions[edit]

Patna district comprises 6 Sub-divisions:

  • Patna Sadar
  • Patna City,
  • Barh
  • Danapur
  • Masaurhi,
  • Paliganj

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Patna district has a population of 5,772,804,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Nicaragua[7] or the US state of Maryland.[8] This gives it a ranking of 15th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,803 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,670 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.34%.[3] Patna has a sex ratio of 892 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 72.47%.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Patna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
26.5
(79.7)
32.6
(90.7)
37.7
(99.9)
38.9
(102)
36.7
(98.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.5
(88.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
31.53
(88.75)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
9.9
(49.8)
19.65
(67.37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
8
(0.31)
33
(1.3)
134
(5.28)
306
(12.05)
274
(10.79)
227
(8.94)
94
(3.7)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
1,130
(44.49)
Source: worldweather.org[9]


Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Patna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[10] It is one of the 38[11] districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Agricultural products include: Paddy, Maize, Pulses and Wheat. Also oil seeds. Roughly one third of the area sown is under rice (paddy). Cash crops such as vegetables and water-melons are also grown in Diara belt. Major industries include leather, handicrafts, and agro processing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  6. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Makira 3,190km2" 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Nicaragua 5,666,301 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Maryland 5,773,552" 
  9. ^ "Climatological Information for Patna". World Weather. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  11. ^ By: Manav Saurav : Government of Bihar website :gov.bih.nic.in/Profile/Districts.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°25′N 85°10′E / 25.417°N 85.167°E / 25.417; 85.167