Patna district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Patna.
Patna district
पटना जिला,ضلع پٹنہ
District of Bihar
Location of Patna district in Bihar
Location of Patna district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Patna division
Headquarters Patna
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Patna Sahib, Pataliputra
 • Assembly seats 14
Area
 • Total 3,202 km2 (1,236 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,772,804
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,961,532 (41.6 per cent) (2,001)
Demographics
 • Literacy 72.47 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 892
Major highways NH 30, NH 83
Website Official website

Patna district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, with Patna as the district headquarters. Patna district is a part of Patna division. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Bihar (out of 39).[3]

History[edit]

In 1976, Nalanda district was split from Patna.[4]

Today, it is one of the fastest growing district of India.

Geography[edit]

Patna district occupies an area of 3,202 square kilometres (1,236 sq mi),[5] comparatively equivalent to the Solomon Islands' Makira Island.[6]

Blocks: Patna Sadar, Phulwari sharif, Sampatchak, Fatuha, Khusrupur, Daniyawaan,Bakhtiyarpur, Barh, Belchi, Athmalgola, Mokama, Pandarak, Ghoswari, Bihta, Maner, Danapur, Naubatpur, Masaurhi, Dhanarua, Punpun.

Sub-divisions[edit]

Patna district comprises 6 Sub-divisions:

  • Patna Sadar
  • Patna City,
  • Barh
  • Danapur
  • Masaurhi,
  • Paliganj

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Patna district has a population of 5,772,804,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Nicaragua[7] or the US state of Maryland.[8] This gives it a ranking of 15th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,803 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,670/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.34%.[3] Patna has a sex ratio of 892 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 72.47%.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Patna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
26.5
(79.7)
32.6
(90.7)
37.7
(99.9)
38.9
(102)
36.7
(98.1)
33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.5
(88.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
31.53
(88.75)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
9.9
(49.8)
19.65
(67.37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
8
(0.31)
33
(1.3)
134
(5.28)
306
(12.05)
274
(10.79)
227
(8.94)
94
(3.7)
9
(0.35)
4
(0.16)
1,130
(44.49)
Source: worldweather.org[9]


Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Patna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[10] It is one of the 38[11] districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Agricultural products include: Paddy, Maize, Pulses and Wheat. Also oil seeds. Roughly one third of the area sown is under rice (paddy). Cash crops such as vegetables and water-melons are also grown in Diara belt. Major industries include leather, handicrafts, and agro processing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  6. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Makira 3,190km2 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Nicaragua 5,666,301 July 2011 est. 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Maryland 5,773,552 
  9. ^ "Climatological Information for Patna". World Weather. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  11. ^ By: Manav Saurav : Government of Bihar website :gov.bih.nic.in/Profile/Districts.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°25′N 85°10′E / 25.417°N 85.167°E / 25.417; 85.167