Patriarch Timothy II of Constantinople

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Timothy II
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Church Church of Constantinople
Installed Oct/Nov 1612
Term ended 3 September 1620
Predecessor Neophytus II
Successor Cyril Lucaris
Personal details
Previous post Archbishop of Patras

Timothy II Marmarinos (Greek: Τιμόθεος Β´ Μαρμαρηνός) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1612 to 1620.

Contents

Life[edit]

Timothy II Marmarinos was born in Bandırma,[1] on the southern shore of the Sea of Marmara. On 28 February 1601 he became metropolitan of Patras, an office he maintained till he became Patriarch of Constantinople. Actually after the deposition of Neophytus II in October 1612, the Church of Constantinople was temporally left in the care of Cyril Lucaris as locum tenens because of his position as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria. Cyril Lucaris was close to being appointed as patriarch but four bishops opposed and obtained the election as Patriarch of one of their number, Timothy, thanks to a promise to the Ottoman Sultan to increase the annual fee paid by the Patriarchate to 8000 kuruş.[2] Thus after 21 days of interregnum Lucaris gave up and at end October or in November 1612 Timothy became the Patriarch of Constantinople.

Timothy remained a fierce opponent of Lucaris, whom he forced to retire on Mount Athos. Timothy obtained an arrest warrant against Lucaris, but the latter fled back to Alexandria in Egypt.[3] Timothy also denounced Lucaris as a Lutheran.

The reason of Timothy's opposition to Lucaris did not originate with any alignment with the latter's main enemies, i.e. the Catholics, who opposed Lucaris' pro-Protestant attitude. Actually Timothy too maintained an anti-Catholic attitude,[2] even if in 1615 he wrote a deferential letter to Pope Paul V.[4]

In 1614, Timothy rebuilt and expanded the small Church of St. George in the Fanar, that since 1601 had become the See of the Patriarchate.[5]

Timothy II died on 3 September 1620,[6] or in March 1621 according to other sources.[2] At the time rumors spread that he had been poisoned at a dinner given by the Dutch ambassador,[4] a supporter of Lucaris, but no proof exists.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Τιμόθεος Β´". Ecumenical Patriarchate. Retrieved 7 Sep 2011. (Greek)
  2. ^ a b c d Moustakas Konstantinos. "Timotheos II of Constantinople". Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor. Retrieved 7 Sep 2011. 
  3. ^ C. Emerau (1926). "Lucar Cyrille". Dictionnaire de Theologie Catholique 9. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. 1005. 
  4. ^ a b Runciman, Steven (1985). The Great Church in captivity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 232, 269. ISBN 978-0-521-31310-0. 
  5. ^ Varvounis, M. C. (2006). Το Οικουμενικό Πατριαρχείο. Athens: Chelandion. p. 23. ISBN 960-87087-5-3. (Greek)
  6. ^ Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.