Patriarchate of Karlovci
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Metropolitanate of Karlovci. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2015.|
|This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (January 2015)|
|Patriarchate of Karlovci
Coat of Arms
|Headquarters||Karlovci, Habsburg Monarchy (today Sremski Karlovci, Serbia)|
The Patriarchate of Karlovci (Serbian: Карловачка патријаршија or Karlovačka patrijaršija) was a patriarchate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1848 and 1920. It was formed in 1848, when former Metropolitanate of Karlovci was elevated to the rank of patriarchate. The Patriarchate of Karlovci existed until 1920, when it was merged with Metropolitanate of Belgrade to form the Patriarchate of Serbia. The seat of the Patriarchate was in Karlovci (today Sremski Karlovci, Serbia).
At the May Assembly in Karlovci in 1848, the Serbs living in the Habsburg Monarchy proclaimed the creation of the Serbian Vojvodina, a Serb autonomous region within the Monarchy. The metropolitan of Karlovci, Josif Rajačić, was also proclaimed a patriarch, thus the Metropolitanate of Karlovci became a Patriarchate. The title of Serb patriarch given to Rajačić was confirmed by the emperor Franz Joseph I the same year.
This confirmation of Rajačić, as the Serb Patriarch, and Stevan Šupljikac, as Vojvoda, was a political move made by Franz Joseph I. He was confronted with revolution in his country and had difficulties subduing the Hungarians under Kossuth. Šupljikac and his Croatian counterpart, Jelačić supported the Emperor against the Hungarians.
In the same year when the Patriarchate of Karlovci was created, the Romanians that were previously under jurisdiction of the Metropolitanate of Karlovci proclaimed their separation from the Serbian church, and creation of their own. However, this was not recognized in that time, thus the separate Romanian church was created in 1864, by the emperor's decree.
The last patriarch, Lukijan Bogdanović, was murdered in 1913. After his death, patriarchal throne remained vacant for the last seven years of its existence.
In 1920, the Patriarchate of Karlovci was merged into the newly formed Patriarchate of Serbia.
It included following eparchies:
- Archeparchy of Karlovci
- Eparchy of Budim
- Eparchy of Pakrac
- Eparchy of Upper Karlovac
- Eparchy of Bačka
- Eparchy of Temišvar
- Eparchy of Vršac
|Name||Start of Reign||End of Reign||Birth Name||Title|
|1848||1861||Josif Rajačić||Patriarch of Karlovci
41st Patriarch of Serbs
(1st Patriarch of Karlovci)
|1861||1870||Sava Maširević||Patriarch of Karlovci
42nd Patriarch of Serbs
(2nd Patriarch of Karlovci)
|1874||1879||Prokopije Ivanković||Patriarch of Karlovci
43rd Patriarch of Serbs
(3rd Patriarch of Karlovci)
|1881||1888||German Anđelić||Patriarch of Karlovci
44th Patriarch of Serbs
(4th Patriarch of Karlovci)
|1890||1907||Georgije Branković||Patriarch of Karlovci
45th Patriarch of Serbs
(5th Patriarch of Karlovci)
|1908||1913||Lukijan Bogdanović||Patriarch of Karlovci
46th Patriarch of Serbs
(6th Patriarch of Karlovci)
- List of heads of the Serbian Orthodox Church
- Serbian Orthodox Church
- Metropolitanate of Karlovci
- Religion in Serbia
- Religion in Vojvodina
- Barbara Jelavich: History of the Balkans, Cambridge University Press, Jul 29, 1983 page 316
"In May 1848 Serbian national assembly attended by several thousand people met in Sremski Karlovci. The delegates chose Josip Rajačić as patriarch and Stephen Supljikac as vojvoda."
- Aidan Nichols: Theology in the Russian Diaspora: Church, Fathers, Eucharist in Nikolai Afanasyev (1893-1966) CUP Archive, 1989 pages 49, 242
- Živko M. Marinković - Jevrem Igumanović, Istorija opštehrišćanske i Srpske pravoslavne crkve sa hronologijom, Banja Luka - Beograd, 2002.
- Vojislav Stoja, Istorija Srpske pravoslavne crkve - kratak pregled, Novi Sad, 2000.
- Dr Dušan Popov, Karlovačka mitropolija, Enciklopedija Novog Sada, sveska 10, Novi Sad, 1998.
- About Metropolitanate and Patriarchate of Karlovci (Serbian)
- Poslednji karlovački patrijarh - feljton (Serbian)