Patricia Arquette

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Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette at Heart Truth 2009 (cropped 2).jpg
Arquette at the 2009 Heart Truth fashion show
Born Patricia T. Arquette
(1968-04-08) April 8, 1968 (age 46)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1987–present
Spouse(s) Nicolas Cage
(m. 1995–2001; divorced)
Thomas Jane
(m. 2006–2011; divorced)
Children 2
Parents Lewis Arquette (father)
Relatives

Patricia Arquette (born April 8, 1968)[1] is an American actress. She made her film debut in Chuck Russell's A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors (1987) and following roles included Tony Scott's True Romance (1993), Tim Burton's Ed Wood (1994), David O. Russell's Flirting with Disaster (1996), David Lynch's Lost Highway (1997), Stephen Frears's The Hi-Lo Country (1998), Martin Scorsese's Bringing Out the Dead (1999), Rupert Wainwright's Stigmata (1999), and the Disney film Holes (2003).

In 2014, she played the mother in Richard Linklater's Boyhood, which was filmed over twelve years. For her performance, she received widespread praise and won the Academy Award, BAFTA, Critics' Choice, Golden Globe, SAG Award, and Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Actress.

On television, she played real life psychic Allison DuBois in the supernatural drama series Medium for seven seasons (2005–11) for which she received three Golden Globe nominations and two Emmy Award nominations, winning the Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama in 2005. Starting in March 2015, Arquette will play the leading role of Special Agent Avery Ryan in the CSI spinoff series CSI: Cyber.[2]

Early life and family[edit]

Arquette was born in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of Lewis Arquette (1935–2001), an actor, and Brenda Olivia "Mardi" (née Nowak; 1939–1997), who was also involved in the arts.[3] Arquette's father was a convert from Catholicism to Islam; through him, Patricia is distantly related to explorer Meriwether Lewis.[4][3][5][6] Arquette's mother was Jewish (from a family that immigrated from Poland and Russia).[7][8][9][dead link] Her paternal grandfather was comedian Cliff Arquette; and her siblings are actors Rosanna, Alexis, Richmond, and David Arquette. As a child, her parents offered to get her braces for her teeth; but she refused, telling them she wanted to have flaws because it would help her with character acting.[10]

Career[edit]

Early career (1987–1996)[edit]

In 1987, Arquette's first starring roles included pregnant teenager Stacy in the television film Daddy,[11] boarding school student Zero in Pretty Smart, and the shrill, flighty Kristen Parker in A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors. She was set to appear in the sequel, A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master, but she had to drop out due to pregnancy with her son Enzo, which also caused her to leave the role of Tralala in Last Exit to Brooklyn. In 1988, Arquette played the daughter of Tess Harper in Far North. Her roles in the early 1990s were in low budget and independent films, including Prayer of the Rollerboys (1990), The Indian Runner (1991), which was the directorial debut of Sean Penn, the drama Inside Monkey Zetterland, and in 1992, she won a CableACE Award for Best Lead Actress in a Mini-Series for her portrayal of a deaf girl with epilepsy in Wildflower, directed by Diane Keaton and also starring Reese Witherspoon. She received perhaps the most recognition in her early career for her role as Alabama Whitman, a free spirited, kind hearted prostitute in Tony Scott's True Romance (1993). The film was a moderate success, although some critics were deterred by the graphic violence. One scene in particular involves a bloodied fight, which calls on Arquette to put up a strong physical struggle which her character ultimately wins. Arquette's performance received generally unanimous praise from critics. Janet Maslin of the New York Times remarked that Arquette played her role with "surprising sweetness", while Peter Travers remarked that "Arquette delivers sensationally".[12][13] TV Guide noted that the film blends and recycles elements from the story of Bonnie and Clyde and Terrence Malick's Badlands (1973), while giving True Romance overall a favourable review for blending aforementioned earlier works with "enough energy and verve to create something entirely fresh and infectiously entertaining".[14] Richard Corliss of Time Magazine echoed similar sentiments, also likening the film to the story of Bonnie and Clyde.[15]

Following True Romance, Arquette appeared in the television film Betrayed by Love (1994), and the well-received biopic Ed Wood, directed by Tim Burton, where she portrayed Johnny Depp's girlfriend. Her next role was as Laura Bowman in Beyond Rangoon (1995), which drew mixed critical reviews, but was a success internationally. In France, it was the official selection at the 1995 Cannes Film Festival, where it became one of the most popular hits of the event.[16] Despite lacklustre reviews for the film itself, Arquette's performance as an American tourist in Burma during the 8888 Uprising was regarded as one of the film's strong points. Michael Sragow, writing for The New Yorker, stated "Arquette gives the kind of mighty physical performance usually delivered by men in existential action classics like "The Wages of Fear," but she suffuses it with something all her own-she's bulletproof yet vulnerable."[17] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post remarked that the film was "odd, brilliant in places, but frustrating all the same", further commenting that "Arquette shows real grit when the chips are down".[18]

Arquette appeared in three films in 1996, the first being the comedy film Flirting with Disaster (1996), about a young man's cross-country pursuit to find his parents. Critical reception was largely positive, with Todd McCarthy of Variety Magazine praising the film and the authenticity of Arquette's performance, highlighting that "Arquette [is] very believably distracted and infuriated".[19] Flirting with Disaster grossed $14 million at the American box office and was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival.[20] Her second film of the year was the period drama The Secret Angel, an adaptation of Joseph Conrad's 1907 novel of the same name. The film received average reviews.[21] Her final film appearance in 1996 was in Infinity, a biographical drama about the early life of physicist Richard Feynman. The film received mixed to positive reviews,[22] although Emmanuel Levy of Variety remarked of Arquette as being "miscast", further stating that she "registers more credibly in the first part of the film, when she plays an adolescent".[23]

Independent film work and further critical success (1997–2003)[edit]

In 1997, Arquette starred in David Lynch's neo-noir psychological thriller Lost Highway, in a dual role as Renee Madison and Alice Wakefield. The film, with its ambiguous narrative, polarised critics upon its release but established a strong cult following. Arquette played an elusive femme fatale in a critically revered performance that enabled her to draw on her sexuality more than any other previous role. Owen Gleiberman, writing for Entertainment Weekly noted that "Arquette, with her ’40s-style curves, is certainly a spellbinding temptress". Roger Ebert, of the Chicago Sun-Times, disliked the film, saying there was "no sense to be made of it" and voiced his distaste over a scene in which Arquette's character is asked to disrobe at gunpoint.[24] Other critics were more favourable: Andy Klein of the Dallas Observer called it a "two-hour plus fever dream",[25] Michael Sragow of The New Yorker called the film a "compelling erotic nightmare",[26] and Edward Guthman of the San Francisco Gate wrote a glowing review praising Arquette's performance, calling it the "strongest, most memorable performance [of the film]" and favourably comparing her double role to Kim Novak's in Vertigo (1958).[27] That same year, Arquette appeared in Nightwatch, a horror-thriller film directed by Ole Bornedal. The film is a remake the Danish film Nattevagten (1994), which was also directed by Bornedal. Nightwatch was not a box office success and received poor reviews by critics, many of whom considered it an unnecessary, inferior retelling of the original film.[28][29]

1998 saw Arquette perform in two films: Goodbye Lover, a comedic neo-noir directed by Roland Joffé and The Hi-Lo Country, a period Western directed by Stephen Frears. The former received a poor critical reception while the latter received a more appreciative response, widely cited as a "classic Western".[30] Stephen Holden of the New York Times said, "In its best moments the movie feels like an epic hybrid of Red River and The Last Picture Show."[31] In 1999, Arquette returned to familiar territory with the genre that began her career, in Stigmata, a horror film, in the lead role. Produced on a budget of $29 million, the film was a box office success, grossing $50,046,268. Internationally the film earned $39,400,000 for a total world wide gross $89,446,268.[32] Critics were not as receptive of the film as audiences, with Roger Ebert remarking "possibly the funniest movie ever made about Catholicism — from a theological point of view."[33] Arquette then appeared in Martin Scorsese's Bringing out the Dead, based on the novel by Joe Connelly.[34][35] The film united her with then-husband Nicolas Cage and received highly favourable critical reviews, but was a box office flop. Janet Maslin of the New York Times wrote that "Arquette's quietly credible performance helps center Frank's experiences; one of the film's most honest scenes is one in which they share an ambulance ride without sharing a word".[36]

Her next role was in the light-hearted comedy Little Nicky (2000), alongside Adam Sandler. Despite being a box office hit, the film received negative reviews, although Roger Ebert called it Sandler's best film to date.[37] Following this, she starred in French-American comedy drama Human Nature (2001), written by Charlie Kaufman and directed by Michel Gondry. The film was met with mixed reviews and was screened out of competition at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival.[16] Roger Ebert, in a three-star (out of a possible four) review, lauded the film's "screwball charm".[38] The following year, she appeared in the small-scale mystery film The Badge, playing the widowed victim of a murdered transexual. In 2003, she portrayed the controversial pornographic film star Linda Lovelace in the little known Deeper than Deep, which was followed with the more family orientated Disney produced Holes, as Kissin' Kate Barlow. Based on the 1998 novel of the same title by Louis Sachar, Holes grossed $16,300,155 in its opening weekend, making #2 at the box office, behind Anger Management's second weekend.[39] Holes would go on to gross a domestic total of $67,406,173 and an additional $4 million in international revenue, totaling $71,406,573 at the box office against a $20 million budget, making the film a moderate financial success. Arquette's next film, Tiptoes, was released straight-to-DVD in the United States, despite a screening at the Sundance Film Festival.[40]

Medium, widespread recognition and award success with Boyhood (2005–present)[edit]

After the humdrum reception of Tiptoes, Arquette did not appear in another film until 2006's Fast Food Nation, directed by Richard Linklater. Her three-year absence was largely spent working on the 12 year epic Boyhood, released eight years later, in July 2014. Fast Food Nation marked her second collaboration with Linklater and is based on the bestselling 2001 non-fiction book of the same name. Fast Food Nation received mixed to positive critical reviews, with some vocal admiration. Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film three out of four stars and added, "It's less an expose of junk-food culture than a human drama, sprinkled with sly, provoking wit, about how that culture defines how we live ... The film is brimming with grand ambitions but trips on many of them as some characters aren't given enough screen time to register and others vanish just when you want to learn more about them."[41] A. O. Scott of The New York Times also gave a commendable review, writing "It's a mirror and a portrait, and a movie as necessary and nourishing as your next meal."[42]

In January 2005, Arquette made her first transition to television with NBC's Medium. Her role as (a fictionalized version of) psychic medium Allison DuBois won her an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in 2005, as well as nominations for a Golden Globe in 2005, 2006 and 2007, a SAG Award in 2006, 2007 and 2010, and an Emmy Award in 2007. In 2009 NBC cancelled Medium, then CBS picked the show up and it lasted another two seasons.[43] Arquette played the role of Allison DuBois until the final episode of Medium aired on January 21, 2011.[44] In 2008, she provided voice work for A Single Womnan, which was panned.[45] She did not appear in another film until 2012. Girl in Progress, a drama directed by Patricia Riggen, marked her return but was met with negative reviews.[46] In 2013, she returned to television, appearing on Boardwalk Empire as Sally Wheet. Also in 2013, Arquette filmed the true crime drama Electric Slide, which is still awaiting release.

In 2014, Boyhood was released, a project that Arquette shot for 12 years beginning in 2002. The film was directed by Richard Linklater. Arquette plays Olivia Evans, a single mother whose plight to raise her two children alone, with the sometimes assistance of their father (played by Ethan Hawke), is explored. The film details the progression of her character's son, Mason, from ages 8 to 18. The film has received universal praise, with many critics calling it a "landmark film".[47][48][49][50][51] Arquette herself received widespread acclaim for her performance. Critic Katie McDonahugh, writing for Salon, states "the role gave [Arquette] space to be all of these messy things at once, and her performance was a raw, gutsy meditation on those profoundly human contradictions".[52] Margaret Pomeranz, writing for ABC Australia, called Arquette's performance "stunning" and praised the film, further remarking that "the elision from one time to another is subtle and seamless. It's just a fabulous movie experience".[53] Arquette went on to win the Academy, BAFTA, Critics' Choice, Golden Globe, Independent Spirit, and SAG Awards for Best Supporting Actress.

Personal life[edit]

Arquette became pregnant around the time she turned 20 with her son Enzo Rossi (born January 3, 1989), with then-boyfriend musician Paul Rossi.[12][54]

In April 1995, Arquette married Nicolas Cage (with whom she would later co-star in Bringing Out the Dead in 1999). They separated after nine months, but acted as a couple in public until Cage filed for divorce in February 2000.[55] The divorce petition was withdrawn, but Arquette filed again in November 2000.[56]

Arquette and actor Thomas Jane became engaged in 2002 and have a daughter, Harlow Olivia Calliope Jane (born February 20, 2003). Arquette and Jane subsequently married on June 25, 2006, at the Palazzo Contarini in Venice, Italy.[57] In January 2009, Arquette filed for divorce from Jane on the grounds of irreconcilable differences,[58] but the couple soon reconciled and Arquette requested to abandon the divorce petition on July 9, 2009.[59] However, on August 13, 2010, Jane's representative announced that Arquette and Jane had decided to proceed with a divorce due to "irreconcilable differences". The divorce was finalized on July 1, 2011. The pair were granted joint custody of their child.[60]

Charity work[edit]

After the Haiti earthquake in 2010, Arquette and childhood friend Rosetta Millington-Getty formed GiveLove,[61] a non-profit organization supporting ecological sanitation and composting, community development projects and housing construction in Haiti.[62] She has also worked with Eracism Foundation, Libby Ross Foundation, The Art of Elysium, and The Heart Truth.[63] Most recently, she is doing a commercial for ABC on behalf of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals for homeless dogs and cats.[64]

In 1997, after her mother died of breast cancer, Arquette worked to raise awareness about the disease. She has run in the annual Race for the Cure, and in 1999 was the spokesperson for Lee National Denim Day, which raises millions of dollars for breast cancer research and education. In April 2010, she teamed-up with welding students of the Robert Morgan Educational Center, in Miami, Florida, to build shelters in earthquake-ravaged Haiti from 20 used shipping containers.[65]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1987 Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors, AA Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors Kristen Parker
1987 Pretty Smart Zero
1987 Daddy Stacy Television movie
1988 Time Out Lucy
1988 Far North Jilly
1989 Edge, TheThe Edge Raped Woman Television movie
1990 Prayer of the Rollerboys Casey
1991 Indian Runner, TheThe Indian Runner Dorothy
1991 Dillinger Polly Hamilton Television movie
1991 Wildflower Alice Guthrie Television movie
CableACE Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie
1992 Inside Monkey Zetterland Grace
1993 Trouble Bound Kit Califano
1993 Ethan Frome Mattie Silver
1993 True Romance Alabama Whirley Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss (shared with Christian Slater)
Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress
1994 Betrayed by Love Deanna Television movie
1994 Holy Matrimony Havana
1994 Ed Wood Kathy O'Hara
1995 Beyond Rangoon Laura Bowman
1996 Flirting with Disaster Nancy Coplin
1996 Infinity Arline Greenbaum
1996 The Secret Agent Winnie
1997 Lost Highway Renee Madison / Alice Wakefield
1997 Nightwatch Katherine
1998 Goodbye Lover Sandra Dunmore
1998 Hi-Lo Country, TheThe Hi-Lo Country Mona Birk
1999 Stigmata Frankie Paige Nominated—Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress – Horror
1999 Bringing Out the Dead Mary Burke
2000 Little Nicky Valerie Veran Nominated—Razzie Award for Worst Supporting Actress
2001 Human Nature Lila Jute
2002 Badge, TheThe Badge Scarlett
2003 Deeper Than Deep Linda Lovelace
2003 Holes Miss Katherine 'Kissin' Kate' Barlow
2003 Tiptoes Lucy
2006 Fast Food Nation Cindy
2008 Single Woman, AA Single Woman Storyteller
2012 Girl in Progress Ms. Armstrong
2012 Glimpse Inside the Mind of Charles Swan III, AA Glimpse Inside the Mind of Charles Swan III Izzy
2013 Vijay and I Julia
2013 Electric Slide
2014 Boyhood Olivia Evans Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
AACTA International Award for Best Supporting Actress
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cast
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Supporting Actress
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
Detroit Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female
International Online Film Critics' Poll Award for Supporting Actress
Iowa Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
London Film Critics' Circle Award for Supporting Actress of the Year
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nevada Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
New York Film Critics Online Award for Best Supporting Actress
North Carolina Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
North Texas Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role
Seattle International Film Festival Award for Best Actress
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Village Voice Film Poll – Best Supporting Actress
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Ensemble Cast
Nominated—Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble
Nominated—Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Acting Ensemble
Nominated—Dublin Film Critics' Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Cast
Nominated—Georgia Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble
Nominated—Georgia Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Gotham Independent Film Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated—San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1990 CBS Schoolbreak Special Dana MacCallister Episode: "The Girl with the Crazy Brother"
1990 Thirtysomething Stephanie Episode: "Good Sex, Some Sex, What Sex, No Sex"
1990 Outsiders, TheThe Outsiders Rhonda Sue Episode: "The Stork Club"
1990 Tales from the Crypt Mary Jo Episode: "Four-Sided Triangle"
2005–2011 Medium Allison Dubois 130 episodes
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama (2006–08)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama
Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress on Television (2006–07)
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series (2006–07, 2010)
2012 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Jeannie Kerns Episode: "Dreams Deferred"
2013–2014 Boardwalk Empire Sally Wheet 10 episodes
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series
2014 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Avery Ryan 2 episodes
2015 CSI: Cyber Avery Ryan

Awards and nominations[edit]

Awards
Year Award Category Production Result
1993 CableACE Awards Actress in a Movie or Miniseries Wildflower Won
1994 Saturn Awards Best Actress True Romance Nominated
1994 MTV Movie Awards Best Kiss True Romance Nominated
1999 Western Heritage Awards Theatrical Motion Picture The Hi-Lo Country Won
2000 Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Favorite Actress – Horror Stigmata Nominated
2001 Razzie Awards Worst Supporting Actress Little Nicky Nominated
2005 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series Medium Won
2005 Satellite Awards Outstanding Actress in a Series, Drama Medium Nominated
2006 Saturn Awards Best Actress on Television Medium Nominated
2006 Golden Globe Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series – Drama Medium Nominated
2006 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series Medium Nominated
2007 Saturn Awards Best Actress in a Television Program Medium Nominated
2007 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series Medium Nominated
2007 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series Medium Nominated
2007 Eyegore Awards Won
2007 Golden Globe Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series – Drama Medium Nominated
2008 TV Land Awards Favorite Character from the "Other Side" Medium Nominated
2008 Golden Globe Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series – Drama Medium Nominated
2010 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series Medium Nominated
2014 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series Boardwalk Empire Nominated
2015 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Boyhood Won
2015 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Boyhood Won
2015 British Academy of Film and Television Arts BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Boyhood Won
2015 Academy Award Best Actress in a Supporting Role Boyhood Won

References[edit]

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External links[edit]