Patrick Ali Pahlavi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Patrick Ali
Ali-Patrick-Pahlavi.jpg
Spouse Sonja Lauman
Issue Davoud Pahlavi
Houd Pahlavi
Muhammad Younes Pahlavi
Full name
English: Patrick Ali
Persian: پاتریک علی
Dynasty Pahlavi dynasty
Father Prince Ali Reza Pahlavi
Mother Christiane Cholewski
Born (1947-09-01) 1 September 1947 (age 67)
Paris, France
Iranian Imperial Family
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg

HIM Empress Farah


HIH Prince Gholam Reza
HIH Princess Manijeh

  • HIH Prince Bahram
    HIH Princess Iman
    • HIH Prince Romil Goger
  • HIH Prince Bahman
    HIH Princess Shohreh
    • HIH Princess Nazbanoo
  • HIH Princess Maryam
  • HIH Princess Azardokht

  • HIH Prince Patrick Ali
    HIH Princess Sounia Maryam
    • HIH Prince Davoud
      • HIH Princess Solvène
    • HIH Prince Houd
    • HIH Prince Muhammad Yunes

HIH Princess Ashraf

  • HH Prince Shahram Pahlavi Ghavam
    HH Princess Naz Pahlavi
    • HH Prince Cyrus Pahlavi
    • HH Prince Amir Pahlavi

Prince Patrick Ali Pahlavi (born 1 September 1947) is a member of the deposed Pahlavi dynasty of Iran and was heir presumptive from 1954 to 1960.[1] According to the former constitution of Iran, he would currently be second in the line of succession to the throne; his cousin Prince Reza Pahlavi would be first in the line.

Early life[edit]

Born in Paris, Patrick Ali Pahlavi is the son of Prince Ali Reza Pahlavi and his wife Christiane Cholewski, a Frenchwoman,[1] although no record of his parents' 1946 wedding in the 16th arrondissement of Paris of Paris, France is on official record there.[2] His father chose for him a French name, 'Patrick,' and his mother chose for him an Iranian name, 'Ali,' which made 'Patrick Ali' his full given name.[3] On his birth he was baptized.[4] An older half-brother was born on 15 September 1941 to his mother and a prior relationship, adopted by his father, and named "Joachim Christian Philippe Pahlavan-Nassab" then "Joachim Christian Philippe Pahlavi".[2]

Prince Ali Patrick's father was the second son of Reza Shah, founder of the Pahlavi dynasty making Ali Patrick a nephew of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[2] His father was the heir presumptive to his sonless brother's throne and following his death in a plane crash in 1954, Patrick Pahlavi succeeded him as heir presumptive.

In February 1955, Pahlavi was at the center of a dispute between his mother and uncle, the Shah of Iran. As heir to the throne, his uncle wanted him enrolled at the Maria Jose School in Switzerland to receive a "proper court education" while his mother wanted to take him to Paris so he would be closer to her.[5] Because of the dispute, he was placed in "protective custody" with policemen guarding his suite at the Hotel Excelsior in Italy until his mother gave into the Shah's demands and he was enrolled at the school.[6] In March, Pahlavi's mother took him from his school without the Iranian embassy or the Swiss authorities knowing.[5]

In 1960, with the birth of a son for his uncle, Pahlavi lost his place as first in the line of succession to the Iranian throne.[2]

Criticism of his uncle and exile[edit]

No longer heir, since the late 1960s Pahlavi studied and practiced for some forty years a number of religions and spiritualities, including Taoism, Buddhism (Zen), Hinduism (Advaita), Judaism, Christianity and Islam.[4] He also studied the Quran for some twelve years. During the 1970s his public criticism of his uncle's regime culminated in his arrest and imprisonment in the Evin prison and, after his release, a period during which he was placed under house arrest.

Following the Iranian revolution and overthrow of the Shah in early 1979, Pahlavi remained in Iran. He served further sentences in the Evin prison before leaving for exile three days before he was due to go on trial that would have sentenced him to death.[4]

In exile he teaches spirituality.[4]

Family[edit]

Eslami was married in 1972 to Sonja Lauman; together they have three sons:[2][7]

  • Davoud Eslami (born 7 December 1971)
  • Houd Eslami (born 14 November 1972)
  • Muhammad Younes Eslami (born 17 May 1977)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ali Pahlavi. About, Biography Facebook
  2. ^ a b c d e Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1980). Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East. p. 149. ISBN 0-85011-029-7. 
  3. ^ Sorbi with people, MardomTV (Persian) on YouTube. 21 November 2012
  4. ^ a b c d Patrick Ali Pahlavi. "Patrick Pahlavi". Writers.net. 
  5. ^ a b "Iranian Prince Absent". New York Times. 22 March 1955. p. 2. 
  6. ^ "Mother Drops Fight Over Iranian Prince". New York Times. 19 February 1955. p. 3. 
  7. ^ Predecessors and short history members.iinet.net

External links[edit]

Patrick Ali Pahlavi
Born: 1 September 1947
Iranian royalty
Preceded by
Reza Pahlavi
Line of succession to the Iranian throne
1st position
Succeeded by
Prince Davoud Pahlavi