Patrick Egan (land reformer and diplomat)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Patrick Egan

Patrick Egan (August 31, 1841 – 1919) was an Irish and American political leader.

Egan was born in Ballymahon, Co. Longford, Ireland. His family later moved to Dublin and at the age of fourteen he entered the office of an extensive grain and milling firm, the North City Milling Company, in Dublin, and before he was twenty had been promoted to the post of chief bookkeeper and confidential man. Later he was elected managing director of this, as a stock company, it being the most extensive one in Ireland. He was, at the same time, senior partner in the most extensive bakery establishment in the county. He had been an industrious learner before going into business, and all this time took evening lessons of various instructors, and particularly of a brilliant young Episcopal minister of Dublin named Porte."[1]

Egan became involved with the Irish Republican Brotherhood soon after its establishment. He and others (including John O'Connor Power, Joseph Biggar and John Barry) resigned from the Irish Republican Brotherhood in August 1877 over the condemnation by its leaders of the use of politics within a revolutionary organisation.

In 1873, Egan was treasurer of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and with the IRB's supported, participated in the establishment of the Home Rule League with fellow IRB Supreme Council members John O'Connor Power, Joseph Biggar and John Barry.

At its foundation in 1879, he was elected treasurer of the Irish Land League. He was a close associate of Michael Davitt and Charles Stewart Parnell. At the end of 1880, he, with twelve others, including Parnell, Dillon, Bigger, Sexton, Sullivan, Sheridan, and Matt Harris, were singled out by the government for prosecution for alleged conspiracy. After a costly trial of sixteen days the jury stood ten for acquittal and two for conviction. The government did not dare arraign them again, but brought in a bill to suspend the habeas corpus act, and to permit the arrest of any one obnoxious to the government, intending to proscribe all members of the league.

"A very mischievous Boy", by Egan; he wanted to provoke a war against Chile (Harper's Weekly, Noviembre 14 de 1891).

Following the arrest of Parnell, in his function as Treasurer of the Land League he signed the No Rent Manifesto of 18 October 1881. This led to proscription of the League by the British government. This led Egan to flee to Paris with the organisation's funds in order to prevent their confiscation by the authorities.[2] He remained in Paris from February 1881 to the end of 1882.[1]

Between 1880 to 1882, Egan was nominated a number of times for election to parliament, and was twice unanimously nominated, once for Queen's County and again for Meath, but he declined because he could not take the oath of allegiance to England required by the government.[1]

Learning that the government was conspiring to arrest him and colleagues, and make him the victim of a pretended trial, he quietly fled to the Netherlands, and later fled to the United States, settling in Lincoln, Nebraska, where he continued to work strenuously for the Irish Land League and Irish home rule. In 1881 he was elected, at its convention in Boston, president of the National Executive Committee of the Irish National League of America.[1][3]

Egan was instrumental in exposing the Piggott forgeries.[1] He gave an interview to the New York Times in October 1888, predicting that the Times' case would be demolished:

Nothing new has developed yet to talk about. What has been said so far is simply a rehash of charges, without proof, that has been made for the last five years. But wait until the evidence for Parnell is produced. The whole Times' case will be exploded and indisputable evidence produced which will show Parnell guiltless and the true character of the allegations against him. You may expect some sensational testimony ... I have no doubt of the complete vindication of Parnell and all his associates and this will greatly injure the government.[4]

He subsequently became involved in American politics and was a minor power in the Republican Party until he left it for William Jennings Bryan and the Democratic Party in 1896.

As United States Minister to Chile (1889–93), he represented the United States when relations were strained during the revolt against President José Manuel Balmaceda. He caused the Baltimore Crisis.[citation needed] The general Chilean attitude was probably best expressed by Eduardo Phillips, Chief of the Diplomatic Section of the Ministry of Foreign Relations, who described Egan in a letter to one of the newspapers as a person "utterly lacking in all elements of culture and courtesy, and ever-ready to descend to the level of invective and calumny".[5]

Egan supported John Redmond and the Irish Volunteers in his final years.[6] In an interview with the New York Times, following the executions of the leaders of the Easter Rising, he declared:

Ninety-eight per cent of all Irishmen were not in sympathy with the revolt, and England had nothing to gain by shooting people after it is over ... If anyone were shot it should have been John Devoy who hatched the whole nefarious scheme here in New York and was personally responsible for it.[7]

Egan was the father of fourteen children, nine of whom survived childhood. His residence in Lincoln was located at 1447 Q street.

In literature[edit]

"In gay Paree he hides, Egan of Paris, unsought by any save me. Making his day's stations, the dingy printing case, his three taverns, the Montmartre lair, rue de la Goutte d'Or, damascened with flyblown faces of the gone." From James Joyce's, Ulysses.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e 1889 HISTORY  OF LINCOLN  NEBRASKA  - Chapter Twenty at www.memoriallibrary.com
  2. ^ The Life of Henry George at www.questia.com
  3. ^ RootsWeb: FENIANS-L Re: (Fwd: 1884 Irish National League of America) at archiver.rootsweb.com
  4. ^ NYT, 25 October 1888. See That Irishman: The Life and Times of John O'Connor Power, Jane Stanford, Part Four, Taking a Stand, May 2011, ISBN 978-1-84588-698-1
  5. ^ "Chile and the United States, 1880-1962, The Emergence of Chile's Social Crisis and the Challenge to United States Diplomacy", Frederik B. Pike, University of Notre Dame Press, 1963, page 81
  6. ^ Patrick Egan at Ricorso
  7. ^ Entry Patrick Egan, A New Dictionary of Irish History from 1800, D J Hickey & J.E Doherty, Gill and Macmillan, 2003
  • Goldberg, Joyce S. (1979). "Patrick Egan: Irish-American minister to Chile, 1889-93". Éire-Ireland 14 (3): pp. 83–95. ISSN 0013-2683. OCLC 55223988. 

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
William R. Roberts
United States Minister to Chile
9 August 1889–4 July 1893
Succeeded by
James D. Porter