Patrick Garland

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Patrick Garland
Patrick Garland Garland Allan Warren.jpg
Patrick Garland by Allan Warren
Born Patrick Ewart Garland
10 April 1935
England, UK
Died 19 April 2013 (aged 78)
Worthing, England, UK
Occupation Actor, director and writer
Years active 1963–2013
Spouse(s) Alexandra Bastedo (1980–2013, his death)
Parents Ewart James Garland[1]
Rosalind Beatrice Fell[2]


Patrick Ewart Garland (10 April 1935 – 19 April 2013)[3] was a British director, writer, and actor.[4]

Career[edit]

Garland was educated at St Mary's College, Southampton, and St Edmund Hall, Oxford.[5] where he studied English and was Literary Editor of Isis, President of the Oxford University Poetry Society and President of the Oxford University Dramatic Society.[6] His poetry had appeared in John Lehmann's The London Magazine and the annual PEN anthology during his teens.[7]

His maternal grandfather was an artist and editor of Connoisseur Magazine, Herbert Granville Fell.[8]

His appearances as an actor included An Age of Kings, where he played Prince John in Henry IV, Part 2 and Clarence in Richard III, among others.

Garland started Poetry International in 1963 with Ted Hughes and Charles Osborne.[9] He was a director and producer for the BBC's Music and Arts Department (1962–1974), and worked on its Monitor series. In 1964, he directed the Monitor film, "Down Cemetery Road", about Philip Larkin, in which John Betjeman also appeared.[10] His work with the BBC arts department also included interviews with Noël Coward (1969), Stevie Smith, and Marcel Marceau.[11] His television film of The Snow Goose (1971) won a Golden Globe for "Best Movie made for TV", and was nominated for both a BAFTA and an Emmy.

Meanwhile his career in the theatre had begun to develop. In 1967 he created a one man show based on John Aubrey's Brief Lives with Roy Dotrice (and Michael Williams in a later revival) and the following year directed the original production of Alan Bennett's Forty Years On with John Gielgud[9] as the headmaster of a decaying public school called Albion House. In the mid-1970s, the musical Billy, based on Billy Liar, with Michael Crawford in the lead was performed at Drury Lane, He served as the Artistic Director for the Chichester Festival Theatre twice, 1981–1985 and 1990–1994, where he directed over 20 productions. He also raised money to build and open the theatre's second auditorium, the Minerva Theatre, Chichester.[11] He was the only director to have had four plays running in the West End of London at the same time.

In 1978 Patrick directed Under the Greenwood Tree at Salisbury Playhouse. This production transferred to the Vaudeville Theatre in the Strand London West End in the spring of 1979. In 1980, Garland was responsible for the York Mystery Plays. He directed the revival of My Fair Lady on Broadway in the early 1980s with Rex Harrison (about whom he wrote The Incomparable Rex) and Don Giovanni and in Japan, Handel's opera Ottone. He also directed Eileen Atkins in his own adaptation of Virginia Woolf's book A Room of One's Own.

In 2000, he directed Simon Callow in The Mystery of Charles Dickens by Peter Ackroyd,[12] followed by a tour that culminated in Australia and Broadway (the 2012 revival did not directly involve Garland),[13] and Joan Collins in Full Circle by Alan Melville. He also worked with Alan Bennett again, directing Patricia Routledge in the second Talking Heads and Bennett himself in Telling Tales.

He directed the film of Ibsen's A Doll's House (1973) with Claire Bloom, Anthony Hopkins and Ralph Richardson, and his 1971 television film of The Snow Goose won Golden Globe: "Best Movie made for TV" and was nominated for both a BAFTA award and an Emmy. He directed Fanfare for Elizabeth at Covent Garden on Queen Elizabeth II's 60th Birthday, and in 1986 at Westminster Abbey Celebration of a Broadcaster of the late Richard Dimbleby. 1989 he directed the Thanksgiving Service in Westminster Abbey for Lord Olivier. In 1998 Garland devised 'A Christmas Glory' for the 300th anniversary of St Paul's Cathedral. He has also devised and presented several performances for the Charleston Festival.

Garland had been working on his memoirs as well as a book about Corsica. Both remained unfinished at the time of his death. It was announced that his memoirs will be completed by Simon Callow.[14]

Garland was married to the actress Alexandra Bastedo from 1980. The wedding took place at Chichester Cathedral.[4] He was awarded Honorary D Litt at the University of Southampton 1994 and an Honorary Fellow of St Edmund Hall, Oxford in 1997. His wife died on 12 January 2014 from cancer at the age of 67.

Works[edit]

Books
  • Brief Lives (1967)
  • The Wings of The Morning (1989)
  • Oswald The Owl (1990)
  • Angels in The Sussex Air (1995), an anthology of Sussex poets
  • The Incomparable Rex (1999), a memoir of Rex Harrison
  • Abstract & Brief Chronicles (2007), a series of essays read by Patrick Garland himself

Poetry

published in:

  • The London Magazine (1954)
  • New Poems (1954)
  • Oxford Poetry, edited by Peter Ferguson and Dennis Keene, Fantasy Press (1957)
  • Encounter (February 1986)
  • Encounter (September/October 1987)
  • Sussex Seams (1996)
  • Poetry West

Short stories

published in:

  • Gemini
  • Light Blue,Dark Blue, published by MacDonald, (1960)
  • Englanderzählt, edited by Hilde Speil, published by Fischer, Frankfurt (1960)
  • Transatlantic Review "A Lull", (1970), (1971), (1976)
Selected plays

Introductions & articles

  • 15 Poems for William Shakespeare, with an introduction by Patrick Garland, John Lehmann, & William Plomer; Eric Walter White, (editor), published by Stratford-upon-Avon: The Trustees & Guardians of Shakespeare's Birthplace (1964)
  • 'These Things also are Spring's', poems by Edward Thomas, selected and with an introduction by Patrick Garland, Folio Society, 1988
  • 'Sussex Seams:A Collection of Travel Writing' by Paul Foster, introduction by Patrick Garland, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 1996
Chichester Festival Theatre Productions
Minerva Theatre Productions at Chichester Festival Theatre
  • 1992
  • 1993
  • 1996
    • Beatrix adapted from the writings of Beatrix Potter by Patrick Garland and Judy Taylor ...directed by Patrick Garland (opened at Minerva & then toured to Malvern, Plymouth, Guildford, Richmond, Bath & Windsor); Beatrix was broadcast by BBC Radio 4 on 21 February 1998
Selected other productions
Selected television & film
Television (as writer)
  • 1960 – "The Hard Case" with John Hurt
  • 1961 – "The Younger Generation"
  • 1961 – "Flow Gently Sweet Afton" with John Thaw
  • 1972 – I Spy a Stranger
  • 1980 -"Every Night Something Awful""
  • 1980 – "Chaos Supersedes E.N.S.A."
Radio
  • broadcasts of poetry read by Patrick Garland included:Ted Hughes's 'The Storm', sub-titled 'from Homer, Odyssey, Book V', commissioned by Anthony Thwaite, broadcast on BBC Radio 3,1960.
  • 1973 -"The War Between Men and Women", compiled by Patrick Garland, readers: Judi Dench & Michael Williams
  • Quote, Unquote, Patrick Garland appeared (as himself) in two episodes in 1979 & in two episodes in 1992, BBC Radio 4

References[edit]

  1. ^ IWM papers of Captain Ewart Garland
  2. ^ Geni
  3. ^ See "Patrick Garland, Alexandra Bastedo Champions Animal Sanctuary, but other sources date his death from the next day. For example: "Theatre director Patrick Garland dies", telegraph.co.uk, 20 April 2013
  4. ^ a b "Patrick Garland, theatre producer and director, dies aged 78". BBC News. 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  5. ^ . St Edmund Hall notable alumni.Retrieved 8 January 2014
  6. ^ The Times Obituary Patrick Garland. Retrieved 22 April 2013
  7. ^ Anthony Thwaite "", guardian.co.uk, 23 April 2013
  8. ^ The Independent
  9. ^ a b Michael Coveney Obituary: Patrick Garland, The Guardian, 22 April 2013
  10. ^ Garland, Patrick. "Filming with Philip Larkin", The Listener, 12 December 1985
  11. ^ a b Obituary: Patrick Garland, telegraph.co.uk, 21 April 2013
  12. ^ Darren Dalglish "The Mystery of Charles Dickens", London Theatre Archive, 6 September 2000
  13. ^ Henry Hitchings "The Mystery of Charles Dickens, Playhouse Theatre", Evening Standard, 18 September 2012
  14. ^ http://www.chichester.co.uk/what-s-on/entertainment/patrick-garland-to-be-remembered-at-chichester-cathedral-1-5469786
  15. ^ BBC Seamus Heaney interviewed by Patrick Garland

Further reading[edit]

  • Chichester Festival Theatre at Fifty by Kate Mosse, 2012

External links[edit]