Patrick Grant

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For other people named Patrick Grant, see Patrick Grant (disambiguation).
Sir Patrick Grant
Patrick Grant.jpg
Sir Patrick Grant
Born (1804-09-11)11 September 1804
Auchterblair, Invernessshire
Died 28 March 1895(1895-03-28) (aged 90)
Royal Hospital, Chelsea, London
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Raj Red Ensign.svg Indian Army
Years of service 1820 - 1877
Rank Field Marshal
Commands held Madras Army
Indian Army
Battles/wars
Awards

Field Marshal Sir Patrick Grant, GCB GCMG (11 September 1804 – 28 March 1895) was a senior Indian Army officer. He fought at the Battle of Maharajpore during the Gwalior Campaign, at the Battle of Mudki, the Battle of Ferozeshah and the Battle of Sobraon during the First Anglo-Sikh War and at the Battle of Chillianwala and the Battle of Gujrat during the Second Anglo-Sikh War. During the Indian Mutiny, as acting Commander-in-Chief, India, he directed the operations against the mutineers, sending forces under Henry Havelock and James Outram for the relief of Cawnpore and Lucknow. He later became Governor of Malta.

Military career[edit]

Born the second son of Major John Grant of the 97th Regiment of Foot and Anna Trapaud Grant, Grant joined the Bengal Native Infantry as an ensign on 16 July 1820 and was promoted to lieutenant on 11 July 1823 and to captain on 14 May 1832.[1] He became a brigade major in Oudh in 1834 and, having raised the Hariana Light Infantry in 1836, he became second assistant in the adjutant-general's department of the Bengal Presidency in 1838.[1]

Grant served under Sir Hugh Gough as deputy assistant adjutant-general at the Battle of Maharajpore in December 1843 during the Gwalior Campaign.[2] Promoted to brevet major on 30 April 1844,[3] he served as acting adjutant-general of the army at the Battle of Mudki in December 1845 (where he was twice wounded), at the Battle of Ferozeshah also in December 1845 and at the Battle of Sobraon in February 1846 during the First Anglo-Sikh War.[2] He became deputy adjutant-general of the Bengal Army in March 1846 and was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel on 3 April 1846.[4]

The Battle of Gujrat, at which Grant saw action, during the Second Anglo-Sikh War

Grant also took part in the Battle of Chillianwala in January 1849 and the Battle of Gujrat in February 1849 during the Second Anglo-Sikh War.[2] He later served under Sir Charles Napier in operations against the Pathan tribes in Kohat in 1850.[5] Appointed aide-de-camp to the Queen[6] and promoted to brevet colonel on 2 August 1850, he was further promoted to brevet major-general on 28 November 1854[7] before becoming commander-in-chief of the Madras Army with the local rank of lieutenant-general on 25 January 1856.[8]

When General George Anson died of cholera on his march against the mutineers in May 1857, Grant, as senior commander in India, was summoned to Calcutta to become acting Commander-in-Chief, India.[5] From Calcutta he directed the operations against the mutineers, sending forces under Henry Havelock and James Outram for the relief of Cawnpore and Lucknow.[5] Although the Viceroy of India, Lord Canning, had recommended that Grant be confirmed in the role of commander-in-chief, Sir Colin Campbell had already been nominated as Anson's successor.[5] So on the arrival of Campbell from England in August 1857, Grant returned to command the Madras Army again.[5]

Grant returned to England in January 1861 and was promoted to the substantive rank of colonel on 14 November 1861[9] and to lieutenant-general on 24 October 1862.[10] In February 1864 he was appointed to a Royal Commission formed to inquire into the best mode of realizing the value of booty of war.[11] He became Governor of Malta in 1867 and was promoted to full general on 19 November 1870.[12]

Grant was also colonel of the 104th Regiment of Foot,[13] of the 78th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot[14] and then of the Royal Horse Guards.[15] He was placed on the retired list on 1 October 1877[16] and promoted to field marshal on 24 June 1883.[17]

Grant also served as governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea from February 1874[18] until his death there on 28 March 1895.[19] He is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.[5]

Honours[edit]

Grant's honours included:

Family[edit]

In 1832 Grant married Jane Anne Fraser-Tytler; they had two children, Alexander Charles Grant and then Aldourie Patrick Grant.[1] Following the death of his first wife, he married Frances Maria Gough, daughter of Field Marshal Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, in 1844: they had five sons.[1]

Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Sir Patrick Grant". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Heathcote, p. 150
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20339. p. 1454. 30 April 1844. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20591. p. 1236. 3 April 1846. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Heathcote, p. 151
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21123. p. 2133. 2 August 1850. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21658. p. 431. 6 February 1855. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21842. p. 280. 25 January 1856. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22597. p. 724. 11 February 1862. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22714. p. 1357. 6 March 1863. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22816. p. 553. 5 February 1864. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23683. p. 5419. 29 November 1870. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22677. p. 5242. 4 November 1862. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22788. p. 5361. 13 November 1863. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25536. p. 5870. 4 December 1885. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24508. p. 5455. 2 October 1877. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25281. p. 5046. 23 October 1883. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24075. p. 1645. 13 March 1874. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26618. p. 2354. 23 April 1895. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22485. p. 1006. 1 March 1861. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21955. p. 12. 2 January 1857. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20592. p. 1279. 7 April 1846. Retrieved 17 November 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals, 1736–1997: A Biographical Dictionary. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-696-5. 
Military offices
Preceded by
George Anson
C-in-C, Madras Army
1856
Succeeded by
Himself
Preceded by
George Anson
Commander-in-Chief, India
1856–1857
Succeeded by
The Lord Clyde
Preceded by
Himself
C-in-C, Madras Army
1857–1861
Succeeded by
Sir James Grant
Preceded by
The Lord Strathnairn
Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards
1885–1895
Succeeded by
The Viscount Wolseley
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Storks
Governor of Malta
1867–1872
Succeeded by
Sir Charles van Straubenzee
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Sydney Cotton
Governor, Royal Hospital Chelsea
1874–1895
Succeeded by
Sir Donald Stewart