Patrick Hume, 1st Earl of Marchmont

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The Earl of Marchmont
Patrick Hume, 1st Earl of Marchmont.jpg
Portrait by Godfrey Kneller.
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
In office
1696–1702
Monarch William II
Preceded by The Marquess of Tweeddale
Succeeded by The Earl of Seafield
Personal details
Born 13 January, 1641
Polwarth, Berwickshire, Scotland
Died 2 August, 1724 (aged 83)
Berwick-on-Tweed, Great Britain
Resting place Canongate Kirkyard, Edinburgh
Spouse(s) Grizel Ker
Children 4 sons
5 daughters
Alma mater University of Paris
Religion Presbyterian
Military service
Battles/wars The Argyll expedition
Glorious Revolution

Patrick Hume, 1st Earl of Marchmont (13 January 1641 – 2 August 1724), known as Sir Patrick Hume, 1st Baronet from 1648 to 1690 and as Lord Polwarth from 1690 to 1697, was a Scottish statesman. His grandfather was the poet and courtier Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth and Redbraes who died in 1609.

Born at Polwarth, Berwickshire, he was raised as a strict Presbyterian, and after a term of law study at Paris he represented his native country in Parliament,[clarification needed] where he at once took a foremost place as defender of the Covenanters. He went so far as to bring imprisonment upon himself, and on being freed was suspected of complication in the Rye House Plot, so that he was forced to remain in hiding until he could escape in disguise to the Continent. There he joined Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll and embarked with him on the unsuccessful 1685 expedition to Scotland. Hume became a refugee with a price set upon his head; but he once more escaped abroad and lived at Utrecht under the name "Dr. Wallace," professing to be a Scottish surgeon. He returned with William of Orange at the Revolution of 1688.

With estates restored, he was now a Scottish peer, Lord Polwarth; was made Lord Chancellor in 1696 and Earl of Marchmont in 1697. He strenuously opposed in Parliament the claims of the Old Pretender to the crown and voted for the union of Scotland with England, though he was not above the suspicion of having received a reward for so doing. Too dogmatic to be popular, he did not hold office in the United Kingdom till the reign of George I, when he was given some minor charges, but shortly retired.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Tweeddale
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1696–1702
Succeeded by
The Earl of Seafield
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Marchmont
1697–1724
Succeeded by
Alexander Hume-Campbell
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
Patrick Hume
Baronet
(of Polwarth)
1648–1724
Succeeded by
Alexander Hume-Campbell