Patrick Magee (Irish republican)
Patrick Joseph Magee (born 1951) is a former Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteer, best known for planting a bomb in the Brighton's Grand Hotel, targeting Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet, which killed two men and three women. He is sometimes referred to as the Brighton bomber.
Early life and IRA career
In June 1973, he was interned during Operation Demetrius. He was released in November 1975.
Brighton hotel bombing
The plot to bomb the Grand Hotel had started in 1981 as an act of revenge for the stance Thatcher had taken over the death of Bobby Sands and other hunger-strikers who had demanded political status in prison.
Magee had stayed in the hotel under the false name of Roy Walsh four weeks previously, during the weekend of 14–17 September 1984, when he planted the bomb, with a long-delay timer, in the bathroom wall of his room, number 629. The bomb exploded at 2:54 a.m. on 12 October 1984, killing five people and injuring 34. He was arrested in the Queen's Park area of Glasgow on 22 June 1985 with other members of an active service unit, including Martina Anderson, while planning other bombings. At his trial in September 1986 he received eight life sentences, with the judge branding him "a man of exceptional cruelty and inhumanity." While in prison, he completed a PhD examining the representation of Irish republicans in "Troubles" fiction. In August 1997, he married for a second time.
Magee was released from prison in 1999, having served 14 years in prison, under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement. Originally he was sentenced to 8 life sentences and a minimum tariff of 35 years Jack Straw, the then Home Secretary, attempted to block Magee's release, but this was overturned by the High Court.
He continues to defend his role in the blast, but he has expressed remorse for the loss of innocent lives. One of the victims of the bombing was Sir Anthony Berry, whose daughter Jo Berry publicly met Magee in November 2000 in an effort at achieving reconciliation as envisioned in the wake of the Good Friday Agreement. They have met publicly on more than one hundred occasions since that date.
Harvey Thomas, a senior adviser to Thatcher who survived the bombing, forgave Magee in 1998. Thomas has since developed a friendship with Magee, including hosting him in his own home. Thomas cited his Christian faith as the reason why he felt compelled to forgive. Norman Tebbit, whose wife was paraylsed in the Brighton Bomb, has asserted he could only forgive Magee if he went to the police and provided them with the names of anyone else who was responsible for the bombing. He has argued that giving up violence is insufficient, stating: "If Dr. Shipman had announced he was not going to murder any more of his patients, I don't think we would have felt that was a case for going 'good old Shipman' and giving him a slap on the back and a special award from the BMA."
- Patrick Magee, Gangsters or Guerrillas? Representations of Irish Republicans in 'Troubles Fiction' (2001) ISBN 1-900960-14-1
- "Brighton bomb: Filming forgiveness". BBC News. 13 December 2001. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- "Patrick Magee: The IRA Brighton bomber". BBC News. 22 June 1999. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- Gerard Gilbert (10 May 2003). "Staying in: The night they bombed the Grand". The Independent. Retrieved 2007-04-30.[dead link]
- Gareth Parry (10 June 1986). "Patrick Magee convicted of IRA terrorist attack". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- "1984: Tory Cabinet in Brighton bomb blast". BBC News. 12 October 1984. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- Taylor, Peter (2001). Brits. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 157–159. ISBN 0-7475-5806-X.
- "Outrage as Brighton bomber freed". BBC News. 22 June 1999. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- "Brighton bomber's regrets". BBC News. 11 October 2002. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- "Brighton bomb victim: Why I forgive". BBC News. 8 August 2001. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Love Thy Enemy". Huffington Post. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Freedom for the Brighton bomber 23 June 1999
- Coming to terms: Brighton bomber's story 3 September 2000
- Brighton bomber thinks again 28 August 2000
- The Brighton bomb – no impact? 2004
- Book review, with full Appendix A: Troubles Fiction bibliography September 2007