Patrick Manning

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For other people named Patrick Manning, see Patrick Manning (disambiguation).
The Honourable
Patrick Manning
MP
Patrick Manning 2008.jpg
4th & 6th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
In office
24 December 2001 – 26 May 2010
President Arthur Robinson
George Maxwell Richards
Preceded by Basdeo Panday
Succeeded by Kamla Persad-Bissessar
In office
17 December 1991 – 9 November 1995
President Noor Hassanali
Preceded by Arthur Robinson
Succeeded by Maxwell Richards
Leader of the Opposition
In office
6 November 1995 – 24 December 2001
Preceded by Basdeo Panday
Succeeded by Basdeo Panday
In office
1986–1991
Preceded by Basdeo Panday
Succeeded by Basdeo Panday
Leader of the People's National Movement
In office
19 December 1986 – 26 May 2010
Preceded by George Chambers
Succeeded by Keith Rowley
6th Chairperson-in-office of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
27 November 2009 – 25 May 2010
Head Elizabeth II
Preceded by Yoweri Museveni
Succeeded by Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Personal details
Born (1946-08-17) 17 August 1946 (age 67)
San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago
Political party People's National Movement
Spouse(s) Hazel Manning
Alma mater University of the West Indies
Website Official website

Patrick Augustus Mervyn Manning (born 17 August 1946) is a Trinidadian politician who was the fourth Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago from 17 December 1991 to 9 November 1995 and again from 24 December 2001 to 26 May 2010.[1] He was also Political Leader of the People's National Movement (PNM) from 1987 to 2010.[1] A geologist by training, Manning has served as Member of Parliament for the San Fernando East constituency since 1971 and is currently the longest-serving member of the House of Representatives.[2] He was the Leader of the Opposition from 1986 to 1990 and again from 1995 to 2001.

Manning was born in San Fernando and received his secondary education at Presentation College, San Fernando, and his Bachelor's Degree from the University of the West Indies at Mona, in 1969. After graduation he returned to Trinidad where he worked as a geologist for Texaco. He entered Parliament in 1971 representing the San Fernando East constituency.[2]

Life[edit]

Early career[edit]

After graduating from the University of the West Indies, Manning worked as a geologist with Texaco Trinidad Ltd., until he ran for Parliament in 1971. Between 1971 and 1978 he served as Parliamentary Secretary in various Ministries before being appointed junior Minister in the Ministry of Finance. In 1979 he was given the additional position of junior Minister in the Office of the Prime Minister. In 1981 he was given a full Cabinet position of Minister of Information and Minister of Industry and Commerce. Between 1981 and 1986 he served as Minister of Energy and Natural Resources.[2]

The 1986 general elections saw the ruling PNM suffer an almost total defeat. Only three candidates won their seats; the Prime Minister, George Chambers, was among the losing candidates. As one of the three successful PNM candidates, Manning was appointed Leader of the Opposition. In 1987, he was elected political leader of the PNM. A split in the ruling National Alliance for Reconstruction in 1988 left the PNM as the minority Opposition party, and, in 1990, Basdeo Panday requested that he be appointed Leader of the Opposition.[3]

Second term as Prime Minister[edit]

In 1995, Manning called a General Election one full year before it was constitutionally due. In this election both the PNM and the UNC won 17 seats each and the NAR won 2 seats. The UNC and the NAR united in a coalition and formed the government; Basdeo Panday replaced Manning as Prime Minister. Manning served as Leader of the Opposition once again, also losing the 2000 elections. The 2001 elections ended in a tie, with both the Opposition PNM and the governing United National Congress winning 18 seats. President A. N. R. Robinson appointed Manning as Prime Minister. Unable to elect a Speaker of the House of Representatives, Manning proceeded to rule without Parliament until the need to pass a Budget forced him to call elections in October 2002. His party won this election with 20 seats to 16 for the UNC and formed the new government.

United States Deputy Secretary of Defense Gordon R. England, left, talks with Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago Patrick Manning during a closed-door meeting inside The Pentagon 23 June 2008.

Under the PNM administration, income taxes were substantially reduced and the Corporation Tax reduced from 35% to 25% of profits for most companies. The Government also instituted free university education. The economy grew a pace, primarily due to high natural gas and oil prices and to significant increases in natural gas production.[4] In September 2007, Manning received an honorary doctorate from Medgar Evers College, CUNY.

Third term as Prime Minister[edit]

In 2007, Manning called for a general election to be held on 4 November. The PNM won this election with 26 of the 41 seats and Manning began his third term as Prime Minister. Since then the country has experienced a slow down in the economy. Despite this the economic ratings of the country has come in for high praises mainly from the Standards and Poor report on 15 August 2008 which raised Trinidad and Tobago from an "A-" to an "A". The Government of Trinidad and Tobago also hosted their Majesties King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia of Spain on 30 November to 2 December 2008. The purpose of the visit was to strengthen the economic ties between Spain, Latin America and the Caribbean and also to open new markets and possibility for increase trading and the opening of new markets. The country was also hosted two world summits. The 5th Summit of the Americas on 17 to 19 April 2009 as well as The Commonwealth Heads of Government on 27 to 29 November 2009.

The Chilean President Michelle Bachelet paid Prime Minister Manning and the Government of Trinidad and Tobago a visit in 2010. The purpose being to strengthen bilateral ties between the two countries and as a result a formal agreement was signed in an effort to unite the two countries. Although Trinidad and Tobago is doing well economically, the country under the leadership on Manning is plagued with problems. Crime is an example. The number of murders increased sharply from 93 in 1999 to 509 in 2009. Additionally, 2008 saw the country's highest number of murders with 550. The Prime Minister's explanation is that the crime problem in country is a result of the illegal drug and arms trade. His speech at the 5th summit of the America points to the fact that the Caribbean is situated between the narcotic producing South American continent and the narcotic consuming North American continent. Some of his crime detection and prevention methods includes the introduction of Special Anti-Crime Unit of Trinidad and Tobago (SAUTT), two surveillance airships (commonly referred to as blimps). The most recent being the inclusion of six high speed off-shore patrol vessels for better control of the country's maritime borders and coastlines on 15 February 2010. Manning has been quoted as saying that the country can expect to see a 50% decrease in crime because of this most recent effort. At present the Trinidad government is now reaping the reward of this initiative as crime as since began to fall.

2010 elections[edit]

On 9 April 2010 Prime Minister Manning advised President George Maxwell Richards to dissolve Parliament resulting in a General Election to be held 2 years sooner than was constitutionally mandated. Manning later announced 24 May 2010 as the date for general elections. On 24 May 2010 Manning, along with the PNM lost the National election to The People's Partnership (UNC, COP, TOP, NJAC, MSJ). Following the defeat, Manning officially resigned as Political Leader of the Party on 27 May 2010 but remains as the Parliamentary Representative for San Fernando East.

Manning was sent to the Privileges Committee following statements he made in Parliament on 19 November 2010, during a debate on the Interception of Communications Bill. Manning had made certain allegations about the private residence of Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar on the San Fernando/Siparia/Erin Road. On 24 November 2010, Speaker of the House Wade Mark ruled that a prima facie case of contempt or breach of privilege had been made out against Manning and referred the matter to the Committee for consideration. Manning was accordingly suspended from the service of the House of Representatives with immediate effect on 16 May 2011, as declared by House Speaker Wade Mark. During this period, Manning wouldn't be able to represent his San Fernando East constituency in Parliament. Manning is the second Prime Minister to be suspended from the House of Representatives in Trinidad and Tobago.

2012 health concerns[edit]

On 23 January 2012, Manning suffered a mild stroke.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Meetmanning.com
  2. ^ a b c Biographical Summary of the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, from NALIS, the National Library and Information Service of Trinidad and Tobago
  3. ^ Meighoo, Kirk (2003). Politics in a Half Made Society: Trinidad and Tobago, 1925–2002. Ian Randle Publishers, Kingston, Jamaica. ISBN 976-637-079-6. 
  4. ^ Guardian.co.uk
Party political offices
Preceded by
George Chambers
Leader of the People's National Movement
1986–2010
Succeeded by
Keith Rowley
Political offices
Preceded by
Basdeo Panday
Leader of the Opposition
1986–1980
Succeeded by
Basdeo Panday
Preceded by
Duane Dario Fabian Justin Dixon
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
1991–1995
Preceded by
Arthur Robinson
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
1991–1995
Preceded by
Basdeo Panday
Leader of the Opposition
1995–2001
Preceded by
Basdeo Panday
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago
2001–2010
Succeeded by
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Preceded by
Gerard Yetming
Minister of Finance
2001–2007
Succeeded by
Karen Nunez Tesheira
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Yoweri Museveni
Commonwealth Chairperson-in-Office
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Kamla Persad-Bissessar