Patrind Hydropower Plant

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Patrind Dam
Patrind Hydropower Plant is located in Pakistan
Patrind Hydropower Plant
Location of Patrind Dam
Official name Patrind Dam
Location On the border of Abbottabad District of KPK and Muzaffarabad city, of AJK, Pakistan
Coordinates 34°20′38.32″N 73°25′43.73″E / 34.3439778°N 73.4288139°E / 34.3439778; 73.4288139Coordinates: 34°20′38.32″N 73°25′43.73″E / 34.3439778°N 73.4288139°E / 34.3439778; 73.4288139
Status Under construction
Construction began January 2009
(under construction)
Opening date expected 2016
Owner(s) Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA)
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Run of the river
Impounds Kunhar River
Height 26 m (85 ft)
Length 114.5 m (376 ft)
Power station
Commission date e xpected 2016
Hydraulic head 687 m (2,254 ft)
Turbines 3 x 50 MW (67,000 hp) Vertical Francis Turbine Units
Installed capacity 150 MW (200,000 hp)
Annual generation 632.5 GWh (2,277 TJ)

Patrind Hydropower Plant is a run-of-the-river, high head project of 757 metres (2,484 ft), located on Kunhar River near Patrind Village right on the border of Abbottabad District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and Muzaffarabad city of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is approximately 138 kilometres (86 mi) from Rawalpindi and Islamabad and about 76 kilometres (47 mi) from Abbottabad city.[1][2]

Design and construction[edit]

The Korean construction company Star Hydro Power Limited (SHPL), an Independent Power Producer (IPP), is setting up the 150 megawatts (200,000 hp) Patrind Hydropower Plant, which will be the second private hydro power project in Pakistan.[3][4][5] Project is being financed by IFC, ADB and K-Exim Bank. The company will complete the project in a period of three-and-a-half years at an estimated cost of $400 million. The project would generate 150 megawatts of electricity which would not only help improve the electricity voltage in Abbottabad and Mansehra districts but also boost economic activities in the region.[6]

Since the project is being developed by SHPL as an IPP, the SHPL has entered into a 30 year Power Purchase Agreement with National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC), Pakistan's grid system operator, for the sale of electricity generated from the Project. [7]

The first independent hydro power project in the private sector – New Bong Escape Hydropower Project of 84MW – has already been completed and started commercial operation on March 2013.[8]

The total electricity generation capacity of the Patrind Hydropower Plant is 150 MW.[9][10] A surface type powerhouse to accommodate three Vertical Francis Turbine Units, each of 50 MW capacity, is proposed on the right bank of Jehlum River. The powerhouse site is about 8.52 kilometres (5.29 mi) upstream of the Kunhar – Jhelum confluence. The crest elevation is 757 m which is approximately 26m high from the river bed. There will be four radial type crest gates each 13 by 10 metres (43 ft × 33 ft) in size.[11]

See also[edit]