Patriotic Front (Zambia)

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Patriotic Front
Leader Michael Chilufya Sata
Deputy leader Hon Dr. Guy Scott
Founded 2001 (2001)
Headquarters Farmer House, Cairo Road, Lusaka
Ideology Democratic socialism
Political position Left-wing
International affiliation Socialist International (consultative)
Colours Green and white
National Assembly
60 / 157
Pan African Parliament
2 / 5
Website
www.patriotic-front.com
Coat of Arms of Zambia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Zambia

The Patriotic Front (abbreviated PF) movement is the Zambian ruling political party.[1] It is currently (2011) the most widely supported political party in Zambia.[2] The Party was formed by Michael Sata as a breakaway party of the MMD in 2001.[1] This was after the then-president Frederick Chiluba nominated Levy Mwanawasa as the MMD's presidential candidate for 2001 elections. In the presidential election held on 27 December 2001 Sata won 3.4% of the vote. In the legislative elections on the same day the party won 2.8% of popular votes and 1 out of 158 seats. In the 2006 elections, the patriotic front came second winning 46 Constituencies out of the 158 Constituencies. The Patriotic Front swept local government seats in Copperbelt and Lusaka, and a large number of the urban constituencies in the Northern and Luapula provinces.[3]

Formation[edit]

The Patriotic Front was formed as a political party in 2001. In 2000, after Chiluba lost a bid to change the constitution to allow him to stand for third term, Michael Sata thought he would be endorsed as the MMD presidential candidate. The answer was given in 2001 when Chiluba noted that none of those (including Sata) who were in his government at the time were capable of winning the elections. At a secret ballot, Chiluba personally nominated Mwanawasa and voted for him to be the presidential candidate.[4] "The choice of Mwanawasa upset Sata who had supported Chiluba’s third term bid so much that he left the MMD to form his own political party, the PF".[5] At the same time, notable figures like the late Christon Tembo, Godfrey Miyanda and Edith Nawakwi formed the Forum for Democracy and Development Party(FDD). Michael Sata became the PF president, and as such contested the 2001 presidential election but did not do well, winning only 3.4% of the vote.

In the 2006 presidential election, Sata declared himself the winner before the vote counting process was over. The final official results placed him in second place, a situation that caused civil unrest among his supporters.

Policies[edit]

Party discipline[edit]

Elections and Results[edit]

2001 elections[edit]

2001 elections results

2006 elections[edit]

Sata was again the party's candidate for the presidential election held on September 28, 2006. He came in second place to incumbent Mwanawasa with 29% of the vote. In the parliamentary elections the PF gained 46 out of 158 seats.

2008 elections[edit]

In the 2008 presidential by-elections, Sata came second. Rupiah Banda won the elections with 41% against Mr. Sata who got 38%.

Merging/working with other political parties[edit]

in 2009, The PF signed a memorandum of understanding to work with the United Party for National Development and contest elections together.

The PF was admitted into the Socialist International as a consultative member at the SI's spring congress on 4-5 February 2013.[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]