A patronymic surname is a surname originated from the name of the father.
Different cultures have different way of producing patronymic surnames.
For example, early patronymic Welsh surnames were the result of the Anglicizing of traditional Welsh naming system, which may have included references to several generations: e.g., Llywelyn ap Gruffydd ap Morgan (Llywelyn son of Gruffydd son of Morgan), and which gave rise to a quip "as long as a Welshman's pedigree". The names Llywelyn ap Gruffydd and such were turned into the kind of Llywelyn Gruffydds, i.e., the "ap" meaning "son of" was replaced by the genitive suffix "-s". Some Welsh surnames, such as John or Howell did not acquire the suffix "-s", in some other cases the suffix was affixed to the surname not until much later: 18th or 19th century. Likewise, in some cases the "ap" coalesced into the name in some form, as in Broderick (ap Rhydderch) and Upjohn (ap John).
- David Hey (2006). Family Names and Family History, pp.92-93. ISBN 1852855509.
- Charles P. G. Scott, "English words which hav gaind or lost and initial consonant by attraction", Transactions of the American Phililogical Society, vol. 25, pp. 82-139 (esp. pp. 91-106).
- P. H. Reaney, Dictionary of English Surnames, 3rd ed., Routledge, 1991, pp. 462, 3213.
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