Patrophilus of Scythopolis
Patrophilus was the Arian bishop of Scythopolis in the early-mid 4th century AD. He was an enemy of Athanasius who described him as a πνευματόμαχος or "fighter against the Holy Spirit". When Arius was exiled to Palestine in 323 AD, Patrophilus warmly welcomed him.
In 354-5 AD he acted together with Acacius of Caesarea to depose the bishop of Jerusalem, Maximus, who supported the Nicene Creed, and replaced him with Cyril, who they thought was also an Arian. He also supervised the exile of Eusebius of Vercelli to Scythopolis - Eusebius calls him his "jailer".
- Athanasius, adv. Serap. iv. 7, p. 360
- Sozomen, HE, i. 15
- Philostorgius, Ecclesiastical History, book 1, section 8a; fragment from Nicetas, Thes. 5.7: in Philip Amidon, Philostorgius: Church History, p.11
- Socrates, Church History, book 2, chapter 9
- Theophanes, 60B-61B, in Philip Amidon, Philostorgius: Church History p.221; also Sozomen; and also Socrates, HE 2, ch. 38. Theodoret does not mention the incident.
- Philostorgius, book 4, section 10; Amidon p.69.
- Amidon, p.227
- Wace, Dictionary of Christian Biography article.