A pattern in Irish Roman Catholicism is the feast day of the patron saint of the local parish, and the devotions that take place within the parish on that date, or the nearest Sunday, called Pattern Sunday. In the case of a local folk saint from Celtic Christianity, there may be archeological remains traditionally associated with the saint, such as holy wells reputed to have healing powers. Often the parish priest will say Mass or lead prayers at such a site, sometimes processing between several locations.
The name pattern is a corruption of patron, as in "patron saint". Patterns were a common part of Irish rural tradition until the reforms of Cardinal Paul Cullen from the 1850s. They survive in some places. Examples include:
- Ardmore, County Waterford — on the eve and feast of Declán of Ardmore (July 24)
- Tuosist, County Kerry — on the feast of Saint Killian (July 8)
- Kilmovee, County Mayo — the Pattern of Urlaur on the feast of Saint Dominic (August 4)
Pattern Sunday is often a local summer festival with secular activities such as music and dance. The Brideswell Pattern Festival in County Roscommon is on Garland Sunday, the Sunday before Lughnasadh. In some parishes, Pattern Sunday coincides with Cemetery Sunday.
- Clootie well, Scots and Irish holy wells.
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (August 2013)|
- "History of the Pattern in Brideswell". Brideswell Pattern Festival. Retrieved 5 August 2013.