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Historical map of the Neo-Hittite states, c. 800 BC with approximate border lines

Pattin (also known as Pattina, Patina and Unqi), was an ancient western Aramaean Syro-Hittite state at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. It was known to the Assyrians as Unqi.

It was located at the north-western cost of ancient Syria, associated with the modern-day Sanjak of Alexandretta. The capital of the state was Kinalua (Kunalua, Kalneh, or Kinaluwa), which has been tentatively associated with Tell Tayinat[1] in modern-day Turkey.

The state was formed in the 9th century BC towards the end of the dark age period, and shared a north-western border with the Syro-Hittite state of Quwê. Khazazu (modern-day Azaz) was one of Pattin's dependencies which was invaded by Assyria around 870 BC. The frontier fortress of Aribua (associated with the modern-day region of Idlib) within the land of Lukhuti to the immediate south of Pattin was also ravaged.[2][3]


  1. ^ See the Tayinat Website by the Department of Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations at the University of Toronto
  2. ^ Syria-Hittite, Pattin
  3. ^ History files:Aleppo