Pau Grand Prix
|Circuit de Pau-Ville|
|Circuit length||2.760 km (1.714 mi)|
|Race length||91.1 km (56.562 mi)|
|Number of times held||71|
|Most wins (drivers)||Jim Clark (4)|
|Most wins (constructors)||Dallara (11)|
|Last race (2012):|
|Pole position|| Raffaele Marciello
|Podium||1. Raffaele Marciello
2. Carlos Sainz, Jr.
3. Jazeman Jaafar
|Fastest lap|| Raffaele Marciello
|Time zone||GMT +1 (DST: +2)|
|Major events||Formula Two, F3 Euroseries, WTCC|
|Length||2.769 km (1.721 mi)|
|Lap record||1:08.60 (Andrea Montermini, Forti Corse Reynard-Cosworth, 1992, Formula 3000)|
The Pau Grand Prix (French: Grand Prix de Pau) is an auto race held in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, southwestern France. The French Grand Prix was held at Pau in 1930, leading to the annual Pau Grand Prix being inaugurated in 1933. It was not run during World War II.
The race takes place around the centre of the city where the streets are closed to form a circuit, and its 68 runnings have variously conformed to the rules of Formula Libre, Sports cars, Grand Prix, Formula One, Formula Two, Formula three, Formula 3000 and Touring cars.
The race is run around a street circuit laid out on the French town, and is in many ways similar to the more famous Formula One Monaco Grand Prix. The race cars are set up with greater suspension travel than is typically utilised at a purpose-built racing circuit to minimize the effect of running on the typical undulating tarmac of the street circuit.
Circuit du Sud-Ouest 1900 
In 1900, the newly-created Automobile-club du Béarn held a race on a 300 km road circuit, called the Circuit du sud-ouest (Pau-Tarbes-Bayonne-Pau), the name of this race was the same as the circuit. It was won by René de Knyf.
Grand Prix du Sud-Ouest 1901 
In 1901, the Automobile-club du Béarn held the same race on the same circuit but not with the same title, the race name changed from Circuit du Sud-Ouest to Grand Prix du Sud-Ouest and this was the first event ever to be called Grand Prix in motor racing, it was the ancestor of the Pau Grand Prix. Some anglophone sources wrongly list a race called the 'Pau Grand Prix' in 1901. This may stem from a mistranslation of the contemporary French sources such as the magazine La France Auto of March 1901.
The Grand Prix du Sud-Ouest comprised four prizes for the different classes of entrants.
- The Grand Prix de Pau was awarded to Maurice Farman (Panhard 24 hp).
- The Grand Prix du Palais d’Hiver (400 à 650 kg 'Light car' class) was awarded to Henri Farman (Darracq).
- The second Grand Prix du Palais d’Hiver for the under 400 kg Voiturettesclass was awarded to Louis Renault (Renault).
- The Prix du Béarn was awarded to Osmont in a 'De Dion' tricycle.
La France Automobile, March 1901 reports the results for the 'Semaine de Pau'. There were two discrete events, the 140 km Course des touristes from Pau-Peyrehorade-Pau and the second edition of the Grand Prix du Sud-Ouest on 17 February 1901 around the same 300 km road course as 1900.
The Course des touristes was one of this meeting support race, comprised six prizes for the different classes of entrants. The Prix de la Presse was won by Barbereau (De Dietrich); the Prix du Commerce Palois was awarded to Henri Farman (Darracq); the Prix des Cercles was awarded to Rudeaux (Darracq); the Prix de l’Automobile Club Béarnais was won by 'Bergeon' (De Dietrich); the Prix de l’Automobile Club de France was awarded to Demeester (Gladiator) and Edmond (Darracq); the Prix de Palmarium was awarded to Cormier (De Dion).(Autosport, The Nostalgia Forum, Robert Dick quoting (translating) from La France Automobile, March 1901
In L’Histoire de l’Automobile/Paris 1907 Pierre Souvestre described the 1901 event as : “... dans le Circuit du Sud-Ouest, à l’occasion du meeting de Pau... ” (...in the Circuit du Sud-Ouest, at the meeting in Pau...)
French Grand Prix 1930 
The French Grand Prix was held at Pau in 1930, leading to the Pau Grand Prix being inaugurated in 1933.
Starts of the Grand Prix de Pau 
In 1933, the Grand Prix de Pau is held in the snow (february) on a circuit in the streets of the city, the race was won by Marcel Lehoux on a Formula Libre.
There is no Grand Prix in 1934, and in 1935, the event returns to a modified route that bypasses the Beaumont Park - route that will remain the same until today - and the pits are moved. In 1937, the categories of motorsport specify and Grand Prix cars is restricted to 4500 cm3. In 1938, the Pau Grand Prix was the scene of a symbolic duel between French René Dreyfus (Delahaye) and the German Rudolf Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz). In 1939, another duel takes place between two teammates Mercedes, between Hermann Lang and Manfred von Brauchitsch, it is ultimately Lang will win the race.
The race takes place regularly with a race almost every year, except for the duration of the World War II, with a return to the calendar in 1947. 1947 and 1948 editions were successful because they take the public in suspense from start to finish. In 1948, the young Nello Pagani win to many famous drivers of the time, such as Raymond Sommer, Philippe Etancelin and Jean-Pierre Wimille.
1950s and early 1960s 
In 1949, Juan Manuel Fangio won by dominating the Grand Prix de Pau, he repeated obtaining, as the last year, the pole position, fastest lap and victory in 1950 which saw the creation of FIA Formula One World Championship which Pau isn't in the calendar. In 1950 is alternatively a Formula 2 and non-championship Formula One. The French Jean Behra win in 1954, before a record crowd on a Simca-Gordini as a result of a duel with Ferrari driver Maurice Trintignant while many French manufacturers were no longer present at the GP. During this decade, many Italian manufacturers such as Ferrari, Maserati or Scuderia Lancia races both in Formula 1 and Formula 2.
On 11 April 1955, the Italian Mario Alborghetti died in a racing accident, the Maserati driver is an all-right corner of the station that will be fatal, his death will be announced spectators after the race.
The 1956 edition was cancelled following the tragic accident of 1955 Le Mans disaster that causes the cancellation of any racing in 1956. Safety arrangements are made for the 1957 edition, due to the increased power and speed of vehicles, the circuit lined with trees and homes, must resolve to accommodate the categories of race less demanding. However, limiting the capacity to 1500 cm3 Formula 1 in 1961 allows the Grand Prix de Pau back on the spotlight ahead of the Monaco Grand Prix. Although off-fought championship, the event dedicated to the glories of Pau time: Jack Brabham, Maurice Trintignant and especially in 1961, Jim Clark that it is his first victory in Formula 1.
Formula Two period (1964-1984) 
In 1964, after Formula 1, Formula 2 stayed and Jim Clark won the Grand Prix for the second consecutive time before relapse the following year. In 1967, drivers like Jean-Pierre Beltoise or Henri Pescarolo make their debut at Pau, in the year Jochen Rindt won his first Grand Prix de Pau before beating again 1969 and 1970. In 1968, Jackie Stewart wins with Matra Sports.
This time show severals former and future world champions like Jim Clark, Graham Hill, Jackie Stewart, Jochen Rindt, Jack Brabham, Denny Hulme, Ronnie Peterson, Emerson Fittipaldi and young French drivers like Johnny Servoz-Gavin, Henri Pescarolo, Jean-Pierre Beltoise, Jean-Pierre Jarier, Jean-Pierre Jabouille, Patrick Depailler, François Cevert and foreign pilots known as Reine Wisell and Peter Gethin .
In 1973, the Pau race is threatened by problems of homologation of the circuit is immediately brought up to standard by the personal intervention of the mayor André Labarrère, in office since 1971. François Cevert wins on the route from Pau.
Drivers such as Jacques Laffite, Patrick Depailler and René Arnoux wins in Pau but many F1 drivers at the time continue to engage in Formula 2 on this occasion, just to compete in the Grand Prix which has a solid reputation. In 1980, the 40th edition of the Grand Prix was won by the French Richard Dallest. At that time, the Formula 2 is neglected by the media in favor of Formula 1 and the increased costs will change the situation.
Formula 3000 (1985–1998) 
In 1985, the Formula 3000 replaces the old Formula 2 and less popular in Europe as the "second-divison" championship of Formula 1 and the Grand Prix de Pau continues to be part of the European championship. That same year, Alain Prost becomes co-organizer of the race.
In 1987, a little hurricane located on the paddock falls on stands facilities and a tree falls in the middle of the paddock that place anyway. In 1989, Jean Alesi took his first victory in Formula 3000 after a turbulent start (the starting procedure is executed 4 times because of successive problems on the grid, with a spectacular crash).
In 1994, French driver Nicolas Leboissetier is victim of an spectacular accident spectacular on the Virage de la gare ("train station corner") into a tense following the death of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger in Imola during the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.
The Pau-born driver David Dussau participated in the race in 1996, well positioned on the grid, it will be forced to abandon because of an crash.
Colombian Juan-Pablo Montoya won the race twice, in 1997 and 1998.
At the end of 1998, it was decided that the races will now be organized exclusively as the curtain-raiser of Formula 1 European Grand Prix.
Formula 3 (1999-2006) 
Following the disappearance of the Formula 3000 race in Pau, the FIA organizes the new European Formula Three Cup in 1999. Formula 3 was, however, already come to Pau with the French championship as a support race of F3000. The Grand Prix format changes completely: the race is shorter (40 minutes instead of 1 hour and a half in F3000).
The start of the F3000 for less discipline raises an outcry from the passionate spectators because at that time the European Cup Formula 3 is not sufficiently recognized in the middle of motorsport. The first edition of the European Cup is won by Benoît Tréluyer. This race also included the commitment French Formula Three Championship, and served as a non-championship race.
In 2003, the European Cup is stopped and replaced by the new championship Formula 3 Euro Series, fusion of French and German championships. The Grand Prix became over the years, a very important race in the calendar of Formula 3. The 2005 edition saw the victory of the young Lewis Hamilton, world champion in Formula 1 three years later.
Changing category with the WTCC (2007-2009) 
From 2007 to 2009, the Grand Prix discipline changes for touring cars by hosting the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) for the Race of France. F3 Euro Series returns to WTCC support during the 2008 edition which sees the Brazilian driver Augusto Farfus (WTCC) be part of a crash in the Foch Chicane.
In 2009, during the second race, some incident forced the race to involve the safety car, which the driver, not very talented, put in front of the race leader at full speed in a curve, causing a collision and the abandonment of the German Franz Engstler.
Following a decision taken by the municipality for financial reasons, the Grand Prix was suspended in 2010, is returning in 2011 with a change of date and return of open-wheel single seaters at the main event. The WTCC leave the race.
The return of Formula Three (2011-2012) 
The event was revived in 2011 with the return of Formula 3 with the International Trophy. However, the only race of the weekend is short and tedious because of the small number of drivers involved (fifteen on the entry list) about the lack of overtaking and entertainment. In addition, the only French driver initiated, Tom Dillmann, abandons the fourth lap of the race won by the German Marco Wittmann.
One of the most important support race of the weekend is the first Grand Prix with electric cars with Andros Trophy cars. The category includes mostly French drivers as Soheil Ayari, Franck Lagorce and Olivier Panis.
In 2012, the organizers announced that in addition to International Trophy will be played also a meeting of the British Formula Three Championship round. But on March 9, 2012, the World Motor Sport Council of the FIA valid replacement by a new European Championship which reborn from his ashes.
The test Pau therefore incorporates this championship and a thirty minutes "sprint race" is added and held on Saturday. Despite the slowing of the discipline in 2011, the set includes more than twenty fifteen committed against the previous year, but for the first time, no french driver is engaged in the Grand Prix.
The Italian Raffaele Marciello won the Grand Prix after dominating qualifying and the race sprint. This victory made him one of the youngest winners of the Pau Grand Prix at only 18 years.
The Porsche Carrera Cup France is added to the programm and one of the drivers was Sébastien Loeb and his team Sébastien Loeb Racing. The Alsatian dominates all meetings of the weekend and impressed when he won races with ten seconds ahead of his pursuers, the first round, played under floodlights on Saturday evening.
At the second Grand Prix de Pau electric, the two races were won by the same winners as last year, but in reverse order, the first race was won by Adrien Tambay, the second by Mike Parisy. Among the participants included the canadian driver Marc-Antoine Camirand (from Quebec) who, with his car in the colors of the Grand Prix de Trois-Rivières, was present to pay tribute to the Formula 1 driver Gilles Villeneuve and to bring the electric GP in Trois-Rivières.
This edition has received between 22,000 and 23,000 spectators, 10 to 15% of viewers more than in 2011.
The arrival of Formula Renault (2013) 
The 2013 edition takes place on 18, 19 and 20 May at the Whit Monday (holiday, historical tradition of Pau Grand Prix), the headliner of this year should have been the British Formula Three Championship, but this series, with a lot of conccurence with the European Formula Three Championship, was forced to reduce its 4 events calendar and cancel the race which ends Pau therefore take place within a non-championship "special" race from Formula Renault 2.0 open to several European championships teams and drivers: The Formula Renault 2.0 Pau Trophy.
Support Races 
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2013)|
Historic Grand Prix 
Since 2001, historical cars races are held one week before or after the "modern" Grand Prix. The plateau consists, among others, former Formula 1 in the 1960s.
Notable racing Grand Prix Historique de Pau since 2001:
- Trophée Argentin (Formula 2 for years 1950 and 1960, named in honor of Juan Manuel Fangio).
- Trophée de Pau (F1 of 1950 and 1960).
- Trophée Junior (Formula Junior).
- Trophée des Pyrénées (Formula 3, Formula Ford and Formula France).
- Trophée Légende (Grand Prix cars before world war II).
- Trophée Phil Hill (Grand Touring Endurance 1950 and 1960).
- Trophée Mini Classic (Touring, monotype reserved to Mini Cooper).
- Trophée Flat4 (Touring, monotype reserved to the old Porsche with Flat 4 engines).
- By the turn of the 19th to 20th century the term Grand Prix had become common parlance in France, having been used since the Grand Prix de Paris horse race in 1886 (e.g. the Grand Prix de Paris for Cyclists in 1895) (New York Times, July 18, 1895, Grand Prix de Paris for Cyclists). Thus in the anglophone world the main winner's prize (Grand Prix de Pau) subsequently became synonymous with the event.(Leif Snellman (2002-05-27). "The first Grand Prix". 8W. FORIX. Retrieved 2011-01-28.)
- Le palmarès du Grand Prix de Pau - grandprixhistorique.com
- "Track Reveal #4:Pau". atari.com. n.d. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Autosport, The Nostalgia Forum, Robert Dick quoting (translating) from La France Automobile, March 1901
- domination Italian Grand Prix: 1947-1959 - grandprixhistorique.com
- [F3000 http://www.grandprixhistorique.com/05_historique/historique_05.htm Generation: 1985-1998]-grandprixhistorique.com
- Le Grand Prix de Pau, qui a connu sa Template:69e édition cette année en accueillant notamment la manche française de WTCC, sera suspendu en 2010. - Auto Hebdo, 15 octobre 2009
- "F3 : 2011 Pau - Marco Wittmann wins FIA Formula 3 International Trophy race". F1SA.com. FOSA cc. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pau Grand Prix|