Paul B. Coremans
|Paul B. Coremans|
April 29, 1906|
|Died||June 11, 1965
|Institutions||Royal Museums of Art and History|
|Alma mater||Free University of Brussels|
|Known for||Cultural heritage management|
Paul Bernard Joseph Marie Coremans (29 April 1908 – 11 June 1965) was a scientist who advanced the fields of cultural heritage management and curation. He is the founder and first director of the Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage.
The Institute is preparing an international symposium scheduled for June 2015 in honour of Coremans.
Coremans studied Latin and Greek at Athénée Royal Antwerp from 1920 to 1926. After completing a doctorate in analytical chemistry at the Free University of Brussels (ULB) in 1932, he stayed on as a library assistant. In 1934, Jean Capart, curator of the Royal Museums of Art and History of Brussels, invited him to assemble a laboratory and to reorganize the RMAH's system for photographic artifacts.
In his new post, Coremans used laboratory techniques to authenticate artifacts and evaluate their condition. Analysis through radiography, thermography, and ultraviolet light enabled Capart to study objects quickly; he published his results in the Bulletin des musées de France. In 1935, Coremans published his initial researches into the air conditioning of museums. All the while, Coremans took pertinent courses: metallography at ULB; spectroscopy at the University of Liège; history of Flemish painting in the fifteenth century at the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium.
World War II
During World War II, Capart asked Coremans to oversee a cultural heritage documentation project. Coremans invited volunteers to photograph monuments and public art around Belgium. After the war, Coremans helped officials return artworks stolen from Belgian citizens by the Nazis. Coremans wrote about these experiences in a book titled La protection scientifique des œuvres d'art en temps de guerre; l'expérience européenne pendant les années 1939 à 1945.
- "Symposium Paul Coremans: Call for Abstracts". kikirpa.be. Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "Coremans, Paul". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Paul B. Coremans (1908–1965)". The Monuments of Men. Monuments of Men Foundation. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage
- Dictionary of Art Historians
- Monuments men foundation
- (French) Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage, Brussels
- (Dutch) Koninklijke Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen
- (Dutch) Symposium Paul Coremans 2015