Paul Baynes (Bayne, Baines) (c.1573–1617) was an English clergyman. Described as a “radical Puritan”, he was unpublished in his lifetime, but more than a dozen works were put out in the five years after he died. His commentary on Ephesians is his best known work; the commentary on the first chapter, itself of 400 pages, appeared in 1618.
He went to school at Wethersfield, Essex. A pupil and follower of William Perkins, he graduated B.A. in 1593/4, M.A. in 1597, and was elected a Fellow of Christ's College Cambridge in 1600, a position he lost in 1608 for non-conformity. He was successor to Perkins as lecturer at the church of St Andrew the Great in Cambridge, opposite Christ's; they were considered the town's leading Puritan preachers.
Baynes was an important influence on the following generation of English Calvinists, through William Ames, a convert of Perkins, and Richard Sibbes, a convert of Baynes himself. This makes Baynes a major link in a chain of "Puritan worthies": to John Cotton, John Preston, Thomas Shepard and Thomas Goodwin. Ames quoted Baynes: "Beware of a strong head and a cold heart", an idea that would be repeated by Cotton Mather, who was grandson to John Cotton.
- A Counterbane against Earthly Carefulnes (1619)
- The Diocesans Tryall (1621)
- Nicholas Tyacke, Aspects of English Protestantism, C. 1530-1700 (2001), p. 116.
- Nicholas Tyacke, Aspects of English Protestantism, C. 1530-1700 (2001), p. 119.
- "Baynes, Paul (BNS590P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Sargent Bush (editor), The Correspondence of John Cotton (2001), p. 327.
- Kelly M. Kapic, Randall C. Gleason, The Devoted Life: An Invitation to the Puritan Classics (2004), p. 41.
- Francis J. Bremer, The Puritan Experiment: New England Society from Bradford to Edwards (1995), p. 22.
- Leland Ryken, Worldly Saints: The Puritans as They Really Were (1991), p. 17.
- Andrew Atherstone, The Silencing of Paul Baynes and Thomas Taylor, Puritan Lecturers at Cambridge, Notes and Queries (2007) 54, pp. 386–389.