Paul Cézanne University

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Paul Cézanne University
Aix-Marseille III
Université Paul Cézanne
Aix-Marseille III
Active 9 December 1409 (9 December 1409)–1 January 2012 (1 January 2012)
Type Public
Endowment 100 million
President Marc Pena
Academic staff 760
Admin. staff 930
Students 22,500
Location Aix-en-Provence and Marseille, France France
Affiliations Aix-Marseille University, Mediterranean Universities Union (UNIMED), Association of MBAs (AMBA), European University Association (EUA), European Quality Improvement System (EQUIS)
Website www.univ-cezanne.fr (in French)

Paul Cézanne University (also referred to as Paul Cézanne University Aix-Marseille III) (French: Université Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III) was a public research university based in the heart of Provence (South East of France), in both Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. It was one of the three Universities of Aix-Marseille and was part of the Academy of Aix and Marseille.[1] Its weight was considerable in the French university landscape.[2] The University bore the name of Paul Cézanne, a prominent French artist and Post-Impressionist painter, who attended its law school from 1858 to 1861.[3]

The University was founded on 9 December 1409 as a studium generale by Count of Provence Louis II of Anjou, and subsequently recognized by Papal Bull issued by Pope Alexander V.[4][5] It enrolled 22,500 students, including more than 3,000 international students from 128 different countries. It was a multidisciplinary university offering a range of more than 210 national diploma programmes and 150 university degrees in the humanities, law, political science, economics, management, environmental studies, and science and technology.[6]

On 1 January 2012 it merged with the University of Provence and the University of the Mediterranean to become Aix-Marseille University, the youngest, but also the largest in terms of students, budgets and staff in France.

Activity[edit]

The University of Aix-Marseille III had an established reputation as one of the oldest and most respected academic institutions in France.[7] Many prominent government leaders have studied at the University's Institute of Political Studies (Institut d'études politiques d'Aix-en-Provence),[8] which is now associated with Aix-Marseille University. Established in 1956, it is one of a network of 9 world-famous IEPs (Instituts d’Etudes Politiques) in France. The IEP is a Grande école in political science and its primary aim is to train senior executives for the public, semi-public, and private sectors.[9] Although the IEP offers a multitude of disciplines, its main focus is on politics, including related subjects such as history, law, economics, languages, international relations, and media studies.

The law school at Paul Cézanne University, which is currently part of Aix-Marseille University, dates back to the University's foundation in 1409. The school had far-reaching influence, since written law, which in France originated in Aix-en-Provence, spread from there, eventually replacing the common law practiced throughout the rest of Northern Gaul.[10] It is one of the largest law schools in France today, and is considered to be one of the nation's leading centres for legal research and teaching.[11][12] The school is unique among French law schools for the breadth of courses offered and the extent of research undertaken in a wide range of fields. Other than Panthéon-Assas University, the school has attracted the most prestigious law faculty in France.[13] The teaching faculty comprises 155 professors and 172 adjunct lecturers, the latter drawn from private practice, the civil service, the judiciary and other organizations. Much of the legal research at the University is done under the auspices of its many research institutes – there is one in almost every field of law. Research activity is buttressed by a network of libraries. The University library holds an impressive collection of monographs and periodicals, including an important collection of sixteenth century manuscripts. Moreover, the libraries have several specialized rooms dedicated to specific fields of law, in particular in International and European Law and Legal Theory.[14]

The University’s Institute of Business Administration (Institut d'Administration des Entreprises), commonly known as IAE Aix-en-Provence, now part of Aix-Marseille University, was the first Graduate School of Management in the French public university system.[15][16] IAE Aix is "a prestigious, double-accredited institution, with an international approach to business combining both classic and innovative teaching methods", according to The Independent.[17] The school offers graduate level programmes in general management, international management, internal audit of organisations, service management, internal and external communications management, management and information technologies, international financial management and applied marketing. In 2011, the M.Sc. in General Management was ranked 2nd in France[18] along with the M.Sc. in Services Management and Marketing being ranked 3rd[19] and the M.Sc. in Audit and Corporate Governance also being ranked 3rd in the country by SMBG.[20] In 1990, IAE Aix and the École supérieure des sciences économiques et commerciales (ESSEC) signed an agreement to unite and offer a joint Doctorate Programme, allowing ESSEC professors to teach in the Research Oriented Master programme in Aix-en-Provence. Furthermore, after Research Oriented Master graduation, students can attend the ESSEC Doctorate seminars and have an ESSEC Research Advisor (Directeur de Recherche). In the same way, ESSEC students can enroll in the IAE Aix's Research Oriented Master and Doctorate programmes. In both cases, the members of the thesis juries come from both IAE Aix and ESSEC. The Doctorate title is awarded by Aix-Marseille University.[21][22]

The total budget volume of the University was equal to 44.93 m €. This amount did not include the civil servant salaries that were directly paid by the Trésor public. There were 1,329 civil servants including 678 faculty members. Their salaries roughly amounted to the initial budget figure to give a total budget of 100 m €. The University was split in 16 sites located in five cities. The overall area occupied by the University was equal to 225,000 square meters.

Organization[edit]

There were eight major components in the University of Aix-Marseille III which benefited from financial autonomy:

  • Faculty of Law and Political Science
    • Aix-en-Provence, Schuman
    • Aix-en-Provence, Poncet
    • Aix-en-Provence, Montperrin
    • Arles, Espace Van Gogh
    • Marseille, Space Canebière
  • Faculty of Applied Economics
    • Aix-en-Provence, Schuman
    • Aix-en-Provence, Forbin
    • Marseille, Canebière
  • Faculty of Science and Technology
    • Aix-en-Provence, Montperrin
    • Marseille, Saint-Jérôme
    • Marseille, Europôle of Arbois
  • Institute of Business Administration – IAE Aix
  • Institute of French Studies for Foreign Students
    • Aix-en-Provence, Cours Gambetta
  • Institute of Public Management and Territorial Governance
    • Aix-en-Provence, Gaston de Saporta
    • Marseille, Liberation
  • Institute of Political Studies – Sciences Po Aix
    • Aix-en-Provence, Gaston de Saporta

Alumni[edit]

René Cassin, President of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) from 1965 to 1968 & the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Maurice Rouvier, Prime Minister of France May-Dec 1887 & from 1905 to 1906
  • Jean Aicard – a French poet, dramatist and novelist
  • Paul Alexis – a French novelist, dramatist and journalist
  • Isabelle Arvers – a French media art curator, critic and author, specializing in video and computer games, web animation, digital cinema, retrogaming, chip tunes and machinima
  • Marcel Brion – a French essayist, literary critic, novelist and historian
  • Paul Cézanne – a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter
  • Pierre Falcone – a French businessman, the Chairman of Pierson Capital Group
  • Richard Pollock – a Canadian lawyer and politician

Notable Faculty[edit]

  • Barry E. Friedman – an American academic with an expertise in federal courts, working at the intersections of law, politics and history

Presidents[edit]

  • 1973–1977: Charles Debbasch
  • 1982–1994: Lucien Capella
  • 1994–1999: Christian Louit
  • 1999–2000: Gilbert Peiffer
  • 2000–2005: Jacques Bourdon
  • 2005–2008: Philippe Tchamitchian
  • 2008–2011: Marc Pena

References[edit]

  1. ^ Academy of Aix and Marseille
  2. ^ Francesco Longo, Daniela Cristofoli, "Strategic Change Management in the Public Sector", John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2007, p. 83
  3. ^ "Paul Cézanne". Biography. 22 October 1906. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Universities of Aix-Marseille I, II, and III". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "9 décembre 1409: il était une fois l'université à Aix". Laprovence.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  6. ^ Paul Cézanne University Aix-Marseille 3
  7. ^ "Study Abroad in Aix-en-Provence, France – Overview". Abroadco.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "University of Aix-Marseille III". Abroadco.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Loyola University Chicago – Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Loyola Exchange Program". Luc.edu. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Ferne Arfin, "Adventure Guide to Provence & the Côte d'Azur", Hunter Publishing Inc, 2009, p. 149
  11. ^ SMBG - Master Fiscalité et Droit Fiscal
  12. ^ SMBG - Master Droit des Affaires
  13. ^ USA. "University of Connecticut – European and Civil Law in Aix-en-Provence, France". Law.uconn.edu. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  14. ^ "University of Ottawa – About l'Université Paul-Cézanne (Aix-Marseille III)". Llmphd.uottawa.ca. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  15. ^ "QS Top Universities – IAE Aix-en-Provence Graduate School of Management". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  16. ^ "BI Norwegian Business School – IAE Aix-en-Provence Graduate School of Management". Bi.no. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  17. ^ The Independent – IAE Aix-en-Provence Graduate School of Management, Université Paul Cezanne Aix-Marseille III
  18. ^ SMBG - M.Sc. in General Management
  19. ^ SMBG - M.Sc. in Services Management and Marketing
  20. ^ SMBG - M.Sc. in Audit and Corporate Governance
  21. ^ "Doctoral Programme – IAE AIX". .viadeo.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  22. ^ "IAE AIX Graduate School of Management". Mbapursuit.com. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 

External links[edit]