Paul Cézanne University
|Paul Cézanne University
|Université Paul Cézanne
|Active||December 9 1409–January 1 2012|
|Location||Aix-en-Provence and Marseille, France|
|Affiliations||Aix-Marseille University, Mediterranean Universities Union (UNIMED), Association of MBAs (AMBA), European University Association (EUA), European Quality Improvement System (EQUIS)|
|Website||www.univ-cezanne.fr (in French)|
Paul Cézanne University (also referred to as Paul Cézanne University Aix-Marseille III) (French: Université Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III) was a public research university located in the heart of Provence (South East of France), in both Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. It was one of the three Universities of Aix-Marseille and was part of the Academy of Aix and Marseille. Its weight was considerable in the French university landscape. The University bore the name of Paul Cézanne, a prominent French artist and Post-Impressionist painter, who attended its law school from 1858 to 1861.
The University was founded on 9 December 1409 as a studium generale by Count of Provence Louis II of Anjou, and subsequently recognized by Papal Bull issued by Pope Alexander V. It enrolled 22,500 students, including more than 3,000 international students from 128 different countries. It was a multidisciplinary university offering a range of more than 210 national diploma programmes and 150 university degrees in the humanities, law, political science, economics, management, environmental studies, and science and technology.
On 1st January 2012 it merged with the University of Provence and the University of the Mediterranean to become Aix-Marseille University, the youngest, but also the largest in terms of students, budgets and staff in France.
The University of Aix-Marseille III had an established reputation as one of the oldest and most respected academic institutions in France. Many prominent government leaders have studied at the University's Institute of Political Studies (Institut d'études politiques d'Aix-en-Provence), also known as Sciences Po Aix. Established in 1956, it is one of a network of 9 world-famous IEPs (Instituts d’Etudes Politiques) in France. The IEP is a Grande école in political science and its primary aim is to train senior executives for the public, semi-public, and private sectors. Although the IEP offers a multitude of disciplines, its main focus is on politics, including related subjects such as history, law, economics, languages, international relations, and media studies.
The law school at the University of Aix-Marseille III dates back to the University's foundation in 1409. The school had far-reaching influence, since written law, which in France originated in Aix-en-Provence, spread from there, eventually replacing the common law practiced throughout the rest of Northern Gaul. It is one of the largest law schools in France today, and is considered to be one of the nation's leading centres for legal research and teaching. The school is unique among French law schools for the breadth of courses offered and the extent of research undertaken in a wide range of fields. Other than Pantheon-Assas University, the school has attracted the most prestigious law faculty in France. The teaching faculty comprises 155 professors and 172 adjunct lecturers, the latter drawn from private practice, the civil service, the judiciary and other organizations. Much of the legal research at the University is done under the auspices of its many research institutes – there is one in almost every field of law. Research activity is buttressed by a network of libraries. The University library holds an impressive collection of monographs and periodicals, including an important collection of sixteenth century manuscripts. Moreover, the libraries have several specialized rooms dedicated to specific fields of law, in particular in International and European Law and Legal Theory.
The University of Aix-Marseille III is composed of teaching and research faculties. Its 42 recognized research laboratories make it a centre of international excellence in social and natural sciences. With more than 230 international agreements, the University takes part in the construction of European area of education and research. A policy in the direction of developing countries in Asia has led to increase its enrolments of excellent international students. The share of international students represents 12 percent of the total number. Programmes in French and/or English have been organized in order to favour the welcome and the integration of international students, in particular thanks to the presence within the University of the Institute of French Studies for Foreign Students (Institut d'Etudes Françaises Pour Etudiants Etrangers (IEFEE)). The IEFEE was founded in 1953 and is regarded as one of the best French-language teaching centres in the country. About a thousand students from 65 countries attend the institute throughout the academic year. The institute is also a notable centre for teachers of French as a foreign language, and its function is to provide training and perfecting of linguistic abilities in French as a scientific and cultural means of communication.
The University’s Institute of Business Administration (Institut d'Administration des Entreprises), commonly known as IAE Aix-en-Provence, was the first Graduate School of Management in the French public university system. IAE Aix is “a prestigious, double-accredited institution, with an international approach to business combining both classic and innovative teaching methods”, according to The Independent. The school offers graduate level programmes in general management, international management, internal audit of organisations, service management, internal and external communications management, management and information technologies, international financial management and applied marketing. In 2011, the M.Sc. in General Management was ranked 2nd in France along with the M.Sc. in Services Management and Marketing being ranked 3rd and the M.Sc. in Audit and Corporate Governance also being ranked 3rd in the country by SMBG. In 1990, IAE Aix and the École supérieure des sciences économiques et commerciales (ESSEC) signed an agreement to unite and offer a joint Doctorate Programme, allowing ESSEC professors to teach in the Research Oriented Master programme in Aix-en-Provence. Furthermore, after Research Oriented Master graduation, students can attend the ESSEC Doctorate seminars and have an ESSEC Research Advisor (Directeur de Recherche). In the same way, ESSEC students can enroll in the IAE Aix's Research Oriented Master and Doctorate programmes. In both cases, the members of the thesis juries come from both IAE Aix and ESSEC. The Doctorate title is awarded by the University of Aix-Marseille III.
The total budget volume of the University is equal to 44.93 m €, the main funding resources being the Ministry of Higher Education, fees and investment revenues. This amount does not include the civil servant salaries that are directly paid by the Trésor public. There are 1,329 civil servants including 678 faculty members. Their salaries roughly amount to the initial budget figure to give a total budget of 100 m €. The University is split in 16 sites located in five cities. The overall area occupied by the University is equal to 225,000 square meters.
There are eight major components in the University of Aix-Marseille III which benefit from financial autonomy:
- Faculty of Law and Political Science
- Aix-en-Provence, Schuman
- Aix-en-Provence, Poncet
- Aix-en-Provence, Montperrin
- Arles, Espace Van Gogh
- Marseille, Space Canebière
- Faculty of Applied Economics
- Aix-en-Provence, Schuman
- Aix-en-Provence, Forbin
- Marseille, Canebière
- Faculty of Science and Technology
- Aix-en-Provence, Montperrin
- Marseille, Saint-Jérôme
- Marseille, Europôle of Arbois
- Institute of Business Administration – IAE Aix
- Puyricard, Clos Guiot
- Institute of French Studies for Foreign Students
- Aix-en-Provence, Cours Gambetta
- Institute of Public Management and Territorial Governance
- Aix-en-Provence, Gaston de Saporta
- Marseille, Liberation
- University Institute of Technology
- Marseille, Saint-Jérôme
- Institute of Political Studies – Sciences Po Aix
- Aix-en-Provence, Gaston de Saporta
- Jean Aicard – a French poet, dramatist and novelist
- Paul Alexis – a French novelist, dramatist and journalist
- Joseph d'Arbaud – a French poet
- Ali Bach Hamba – a Tunisian lawyer, journalist and politician
- Isabelle Arvers – a French media art curator, critic and author, specializing in video and computer games, web animation, digital cinema, retrogaming, chip tunes and machinima
- Édouard Balladur – Prime Minister of France: 1993–1995; Minister of the Economy, Finance and Privatization of France: 1986–1988
- Victor Barthélemy – a French political activist
- Dominique Bénard – former Deputy Secretary-General of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM)
- Léon de Berluc-Pérussis – a French poet and historian
- Carole Bienaimé – a French film and television producer
- Roland Blum – a French conservative politician, member of the National Assembly of France and member of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP)
- Philippe Bourguignon – Member of the Board of Directors of eBay, former co-Chief Executive Officer of the World Economic Forum (WEF)
- Marcel Brion – a French essayist, literary critic, novelist and historian
- Emmanuel Brunet Jailly – a Canadian politics and public policy scholar
- René Cassin – the French Minister of Justice: 1941–1943; President of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR): 1965–1968; the 1968 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
- Paul Cézanne – a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter
- Raphaël Confiant – a French writer
- Gaston Crémieux – a French lawyer, journalist and writer
- Gaston Defferre – Minister of the Interior of France: 1981–1984; Mayor of Marseille: 1944–1946; 1953–1986
- Alexandre del Valle – an Italo-French political scientist and geopolitician
- Blaise Diagne – a French political leader, the first black African elected to the National Assembly of France
- Toussaint-Bernard Émeric-David – a French archaeologist and writer on art
- Bruno Étienne – a French sociologist and political analyst
- Roger Excoffon – a French graphic designer
- Charles Annibal Fabrot – a French jurisconsult
- Pierre Falcone – a French businessman, the Chairman of Pierson Capital Group
- Christopher Fomunyoh – Senior Associate for Africa and Regional Director at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI)
- José Frèches – a French historical novelist
- Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, PC – a British politician, the Leader of the House of Lords, the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and the Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
- Antoine Marc Gaudin – a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE)
- Félix Gouin – President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic: 1946; Co-Prince of Andorra: 1946; President of the Constituent National Assembly of France: 1945–1946
- Élisabeth Guigou – the French Minister of Justice: 1997–2000; the French Minister of Social Affairs: 2000–2002
- Malek Haddad – an Algerian poet and writer
- Peter Hambro – founder of Peter Hambro Mining and a Non-Executive Director of the Private Banking Division of Société Générale
- Maryse Joissains-Masini – Member of the National Assembly of France; Mayor of Aix-en-Provence: 2001–present
- Pravind Jugnauth – Vice Prime Minister of Mauritius: 2010-2011; Minister of Finance of Mauritius: 2003-2005; 2009–2011
- Roger Karoutchi – the French Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD): 2009–present
- Christine Lagarde – Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF): 2011–present; Minister of the Economy, Industry and Employment of France: 2007–2011
- Raphaël Liogier – Director of the Observatoire du religieux
- Jean-Charles Marchiani – a French prefect and politician
- Jean-François Mattéi – a French philosopher
- Paul Meurisse – a French actor
- François Mignet – a French journalist and historian
- Stoyan Mihaylovski – a Bulgarian writer and social figure
- Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau – President of the National Constituent Assembly of France: 1791
- Iulia Motoc – Member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee and a judge of the Constitutional Court of Romania
- Prince Norodom Ranariddh – the second son of former king Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia and a half brother of the current king Norodom Sihamoni
- Patrick Ollier – President of the National Assembly of France: 2007; Vice-President of the National Assembly of France: 1998–2002
- Joseph Louis Elzéar Ortolan – a French jurist and former Chair of Comparative Criminal Law at the Sorbonne University
- Benoît Pelletier – Minister of Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs: 2003–2008; Leader of the Government in Parliament: 2007–2008
- Terry Phillips – a journalist, author and media consultant
- Richard Pollock – a Canadian lawyer and politician
- Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis – a French jurist and politician in time of the French Revolution and the First Empire
- François Juste Marie Raynouard – a French dramatist and academic
- André de Richaud – a French poet and writer
- Maurice Rouvier – Prime Minister of France: 1887; 1905–1906; Minister of Foreign Affairs of France: 1905–1906
- Ambroise Roux-Alphéran – a French historian
- Philippe Séguin – President of the National Assembly of France: 1993–1997; President of the Court of Financial Auditors of France: 2004–2010
- Adolphe Thiers – 2nd President of France: 1871–1873; Co-Prince of Andorra: 1871–1873; Minister of the Interior of France: Oct–Dec 1832; Apr–Nov 1834; 1834–1836; Minister of Foreign Affairs of France: Feb–Sep 1836; Mar–Oct 1840; Prime Minister of France: Feb–Sep 1836; Mar–Oct 1840
- Colin Tyre, Lord Tyre CBE – a Scottish lawyer, former President of the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe, and a Senator of the College of Justice, a judge of the Supreme Courts of Scotland
- Albert Jan van den Berg – the Arbitration Chair at Erasmus University Rotterdam and the President of the Netherlands Arbitration Institute
- Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem – Prime Minister of Angola: 1991–1992; 1996–1999; President of the National Assembly of Angola: 1992–1996
- Nicolas Vatomanga – a saxophonist, flutist, bandleader and composer
- Jens Weidmann – 8th President of the Deutsche Bundesbank: 2011–present; Member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB): 2011–present; Governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF): 2011–present
Notable Faculty 
- Sami A. Aldeeb – Head of the Arab and Islamic Law Department at the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law, and Director of the Center of Arab and Islamic Law
- Boudewijn Bouckaert – a Belgian law professor, a member of the Flemish Movement, and a libertarian conservative thinker and politician
- Sadok Chaabane – Minister of Justice of Tunisia: 1992–1997; Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Tunisia: 1999–2004
- Barry E. Friedman – an American academic with an expertise in federal courts, working at the intersections of law, politics and history
- Bernard Harcourt – the Chair of the Political Science Department, professor of political science and the Julius Kreeger Professor of Law at the University of Chicago
- Leonard Liggio – a classical liberal author, research professor of law at George Mason University, and executive vice president of the Atlas Economic Research Foundation in Fairfax, Virginia
- John Loughlin – Director of the Von Hügel Institute, and a Senior Fellow and Affiliated Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge
- Joseph Jérôme, Comte Siméon – Minister of the Interior of France: 1820–1821; President of the Court of Financial Auditors of France: 1837–1839
- Ronald Sokol – an American lawyer and writer
- William H. Starbuck – an organizational scientist who held professorships in social relations (Johns Hopkins University), sociology (Cornell University), business administration (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee), and management (New York University)
- Michael Tigar – an American criminal defense attorney
- Philippe Van Parijs – a Belgian philosopher and political economist
- John Waterbury – an American academic, professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
- 1973–1977: Charles Debbasch
- 1977–1982: Louis Favoreu
- 1982–1994: Lucien Capella
- 1994–1999: Christian Louit
- 1999–2000: Gilbert Peiffer
- 2000–2005: Jacques Bourdon
- 2005–2008: Philippe Tchamitchian
- 2008–2011: Marc Pena
- Academy of Aix and Marseille
- Francesco Longo, Daniela Cristofoli, “Strategic Change Management in the Public Sector”, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2007, p. 83
- "Paul Cézanne". Biography. 22 October 1906. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Universities of Aix-Marseille I, II, and III". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "9 décembre 1409: il était une fois l'université à Aix". Laprovence.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- Paul Cézanne University Aix-Marseille 3
- "Study Abroad in Aix-en-Provence, France – Overview". Abroadco.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "University of Aix-Marseille III". Abroadco.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Loyola University Chicago – Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Loyola Exchange Program". Luc.edu. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- Ferne Arfin, “Adventure Guide to Provence & the Côte d'Azur”, Hunter Publishing Inc, 2009, p. 149
- SMBG - Master Fiscalité et Droit Fiscal
- SMBG - Master Droit des Affaires
- USA. "University of Connecticut – European and Civil Law in Aix-en-Provence, France". Law.uconn.edu. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "University of Ottawa – About l'Université Paul-Cézanne (Aix-Marseille III)". Llmphd.uottawa.ca. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "CEA Global Education – The University Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III". Gowithcea.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "QS Top Universities – IAE Aix-en-Provence Graduate School of Management". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "BI Norwegian Business School – IAE Aix-en-Provence Graduate School of Management". Bi.no. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- The Independent – IAE Aix-en-Provence Graduate School of Management, Université Paul Cezanne Aix-Marseille III
- SMBG - M.Sc. in General Management
- SMBG - M.Sc. in Services Management and Marketing
- SMBG - M.Sc. in Audit and Corporate Governance
- "Doctoral Programme – IAE AIX". .viadeo.com. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "IAE AIX Graduate School of Management". Mbapursuit.com. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- http://www.aixmarseille-universite.fr/ Official website of Aix-Marseille University
- http://www.univ-provence.fr/ (Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I)
- http://www.univmed.fr/ (Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II)
- http://www.univ-cezanne.fr/ (Université Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III)
- http://www.facdedroit.fr/ (Faculty of Law and Political Science)
- http://www.fea-upcam.fr/ (Faculty of Applied Economics)
- http://www.fst.univ-cezanne.fr/ (Faculty of Science and Technology)
- http://www.iae-aix.com/fr/ (Institute of Business Administration – IAE Aix)
- http://www.iefee.univ-cezanne.fr/ (Institute of French Studies for Foreign Students)
- http://www.managementpublic.univ-cezanne.fr/ (Institute of Public Management and Territorial Governance)
- http://iutmrs.univ-cezanne.fr/ (University Institute of Technology)
- http://www.sciencespo-aix.fr/ (Institute of Political Studies – Sciences Po Aix)