Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize
The Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize is given every year since 1952 for investigations in medicine. The prize carries a prize money of 100.000 Euro. The prize awarding ceremony is traditionally on March 14, the birthday of Paul Ehrlich, in the St. Pauls-Church, Frankfurt.
Awarded are researchers from worldwide in medicine-sections, in which Paul Ehrlich worked. Especially this are Immunology, Cancer Research, Haematology, Microbiology and experimental und clinical Chemotherapy.
The prize is given from the Paul-Ehrlich-Stiftung and belongs to the highest endowed and international most distinguished awards in medicine in Germany.
Many of the prizewinners were later Nobel Prize winners.
 Prizewinners 1952 - 2003
- Gerhard Eißner, Tübingen
- Wolf -H. Wagner, Nonnenhorn
- Adolf Butenandt, München
- Sir Ernst Boris Chain, London
- Gerhard Domagk, Elberfeld
- Richard Johann Kuhn, Heidelberg
- Felix Haurowith, Bloomington
- Albert H. Coons, Boston
- Günther Heymann, Langen
- Otto E. Ouchterlony, Göteborg
- Jacques Oudin, Paris
- Otto Heinrich Warburg, Berlin
- Helmut Holzer, Freiburg
- Lothar Jaenicke, Köln
- Detlev Kayser, Berlin
- Tullio Terranova, Rom
- Fritz Kauffmann, Kopenhagen
- Otto Lüderitz, Freiburg
- Léon Le Minor, Paris
- Ida Orskov, Kopenhagen
- Fritz Orskov, Kopenhagen
- B.A.D. Stocker, Stanford
- Francis Peyton Rous, New York
- Wilhelm Bernhard, Villejuif
- Renato Dulbecco, San Diego
- Walter T. J. Morgan, London
- Otto Westphal, Montreux
- Hiroshi Nikaido, Boston
- Anne-Marie Staub, Paris
- Winifred M. Watkins, London
- Denis Parsons Burkitt, London / Uganda
- Jan Waldenström, Malmö
- Sir Michael Anthony Epstein, Bristol
- Kazuhiro Ishizaka, Baltimore
- Dennis H. Wright, Southampton
- James L. Gowans, Oxford
- Jacques Miller, Melbourne
- George B. Mackaness, Saranac Lake
- Avrion Mitchison, London
- Morten Simonsen, Kopenhagen
- Georges Barski, Villejuif
- Boris Ephrussi, Gif-sur Yvette
- Torbjörn Caspersson, Stockholm
- John B. Gurdon, Cambridge
- Ludwik Gross, New York
- Werner Schäfer, Tübingen
- Arnold Graffi, Berlin
- Otto Mühlbock, Amsterdam
- Wallace P. Rowe, Bethesda
- Akiba Tomoichirō, Saitama
- Hamao Umezawa, Tokyo
- Stanley Falkow, Seattle
- Susumu Mitsuhashi, Gunma-Ken
- Niels Kaj Jerne, Castillon du Gard
- Piet Borst, Amsterdam
- George A. M. Cross, New York
- Ernest Bueding, Baltimore
- Louis H. Miller, Bethesda
- Ruth Sonntag-Nussenzweig, New York
- Abner L. Notkins, Bethesda
- Jean F. Borel, Basel
- Hugh O. McDevitt, Stanford
- Felix Milgrom, Buffalo
- Peter K. Vogt, Los Angeles
- R. John Collier, Boston
- Alwin M. Pappenheimer, Jr., Cambridge (Massachusetts)
- Rino Rappuoli, Siena
- Michio Ui, Tokyo
- Robert Charles Gallo, Baltimore
- Craig Venter, Rockville, USA
For investigations of T-cell-receptors.
For his experiments of cloning mammalians.
- Craig Mello, Biochemist, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, USA.
- Andrew Z. Fire, Biologist, School of Medicine, Stanford University, USA.
For the investigations of RNA interference.
- Ada Yonath, Biochemist, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel
- Harry Noller, Biochemist, Center for Molecular Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
For their achievements respecting structure and function of Ribosomes.
For his achievements in the discovery of Th1- and Th2-cells.
- Elizabeth Blackburn, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco
- Carol W. Greider, Department of Molecular biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
For his outstanding achievements in the field of Cytokines.
For his contribution to research in the field of bacterial diseases, including tetanus, botulism, anthrax and Helicobacter pylori associated diseases.
For his outstanding contributions to research in the field of Cell Biology, especially for the discovery of signal recognizing particles.
For her outstanding research achievements in the field of human genetics. She was the first to demonstrate that there is a genetic predisposition for breast cancer.