Paul Fannin

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Paul Fannin
Paul Fannin.jpg
11th Governor of Arizona
In office
January 5, 1959 – January 4, 1965
Preceded by Ernest McFarland
Succeeded by Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr.
United States Senator
from Arizona
In office
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1977
Served alongside: Carl T. Hayden, Barry Goldwater
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded by Barry Goldwater
Succeeded by Dennis DeConcini
Personal details
Born Paul Jones Fannin
January 29, 1907
Ashland, Kentucky, U.S.
Died January 13, 2002(2002-01-13) (aged 94)
Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Elma Addington
Children 4
Alma mater University of Arizona
Stanford University
Religion Methodism

Paul Jones Fannin (January 29, 1907 – January 13, 2002) was an American businessman and politician. A Republican, he served as a U.S. Senator from Arizona from 1965 to 1977. He previously served as the 11th Governor of Arizona from 1959 to 1965.

Early life and career[edit]

Paul Fannin was born in Ashland, Kentucky, to Thomas Newton and Rhoda Catherine (née Davis) Fannin.[1] His father worked as a dairy farmer and also owned a harness shop.[1] Fannin and his family moved to Phoenix, Arizona, when he was eight months old due to his father's health.[2] He received his early education at Kenilworth Elementary School, and graduated from Phoenix Union High School in 1925.[3]

Fannin attended the University of Arizona for two years before transferring to Stanford University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in business administration in 1930.[4] He then returned to Phoenix, where he joined his family's hardware business.[3] He and his brother Ernest later established the Fannin Gas and Supply Company, a gas and petroleum equipment company.[2] He served as president of the company from 1945 until 1956, when he and his brother sold the company.[1]

In 1934, Fannin married Elma Addington, to whom he remained married until her death in 2001; the couple had one daughter and three sons.[1]

Governor of Arizona[edit]

A conservative Republican,[5] Fannin was elected Governor of Arizona in 1958, defeating Attorney General Robert Morrison by nearly 30,000 votes.[2] He was sworn into office on January 5, 1959.[6] He was re-elected in 1960 and again in 1962.[4]

During his tenure, Fannin increased funding for the public school system by raising sales taxes, equalized property taxes, established the first medical school in the state, and created the Arizona-Mexico Commission to promote tourism and trade across the border.[6] He also served as chairman of the Western Governors Association, as well as a member of the Executive Committee of Council of State Governors and of the National Civil Defense Advisory Council.[4]

U.S. Senator[edit]

In 1964, when Senator Barry Goldwater declined to seek re-election in order to run for President of the United States, Fannin was elected to succeed him in the U.S. Senate. He narrowly defeated Democrat Roy Elson, an aide to Senator Carl Hayden, by a 51%-49% margin.[4] He was re-elected to a second term in 1970, receiving 56% of the vote.[5] He did not seek re-election to a third term in 1976.

During his Senate career, Fannin was a hard-line conservative, often voting with Senator Goldwater on the issues, including his vote against the Equal Rights Amendment in 1972. As the ranking Republican on the Senate Interior Committee, he was a spokesman for Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford on energy policy; he opposed new limits on strip mining and tighter reins on federal lands.[5] He also joined conservative Democratic Senators to preserve the clause of the Taft–Hartley Act that let the states decide whether to prohibit mandatory membership for workers in unionized shops. In 1968, he became the principal sponsor behind the Central Arizona Project, which diverted water of the Colorado River to central and southern Arizona.[5]

During part of his tenure in the Senate, Fannin sat at the candy desk. He continued to live in Phoenix, Arizona, until he died of a stroke on January 13, 2002. He is buried at Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery in Phoenix.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sobel, Robert; Raimo, John (1978). Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978 I. Westport, CT: Meckler Books. 
  2. ^ a b c Myers, John L. (1989). The Arizona Governors, 1912-1990. Heritage Publishers. 
  3. ^ a b "PAUL J. FANNIN". Arizona Historymakers Biography (Historical League, Inc.). 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "FANNIN, Paul Jones, (1907 - 2002)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. 
  5. ^ a b c d Saxon, Wolfgang (2002-02-17). "Paul J. Fannin, 94, Who Served In Top Elected Offices in Arizona". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ a b "Arizona Governor Paul Jones Fannin". National Governors Association. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ernest W. McFarland
Governor of Arizona
1959–1965
Succeeded by
Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr.
United States Senate
Preceded by
Barry Goldwater
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Arizona
1965–1977
Served alongside: Carl Hayden, Barry Goldwater
Succeeded by
Dennis DeConcini