Paul Ferris (Scottish writer)
Paul John Ferris (born 10 November 1963 in Blackhill, Glasgow) is an author and criminal. His books The Ferris Conspiracy, Deadly Divisions, Vendetta and Villains led to controversy over the possibility of criminals profiting from their crimes.
Paul Ferris was born in the Blackhill district of Glasgow to a Protestant father and a Catholic mother, and was raised as a Catholic and a Celtic fan who hated Rangers. Ferris was the youngest of four children, with one older brother Billy and two sisters Carol and Cath. Billy was convicted of murder in 1977 following the death of a man stabbed during a fight in a pub; he was jailed again in 2004 for stabbing a 15-year-old boy to death. As a child, Ferris was bullied for several years by members of a local criminal family, the Welshes, which is thought to have resulted in him developing the skin disorder psoriasis.
Ferris began his life of crime as a teenager with a series of revenge knife attacks on the Welsh brothers, and was arrested aged 17 for assault and robbery and sent to Longriggend Remand Centre. He was bailed after several weeks, and while awaiting trial fled from the police after a car chase, as the car he was travelling in contained a shotgun and knives. After several weeks on the run, Ferris was captured by the police and returned to Longriggend to await trial. At his trial for the assault and robbery charges he was sentenced to three months in Glenochil Detention Centre. After his release from Glenochil he returned to court to face charges relating to the car chase, and was sentenced to a year in Glenochil Young Offenders Institution. Several weeks after the end of his sentence he was arrested while attempting to rob a jeweller's shop and returned to Longriggend. Upon his release he continued to take his revenge on the Welsh brothers, which brought him to the attention of Glasgow underworld figure Arthur Thompson, known as "The Godfather".
Ferris became involved with Thompson's crime empire aged 19, when he became an enforcer collecting debts on behalf of Thompson, and was linked to stabbings, slashings, blindings and knee-cappings. A year later Ferris was arrested following an incident where shots were fired at Devlin[clarification needed] and three of his relatives while they travelling home from a night at a pub, with Devlin's father-in-law sustaining a bullet wound to his thigh. The three relatives failed to identify Ferris at an identity parade, but Devlin picked him out as the man who fired the shots. Ferris was charged with four counts of attempted murder, and was remanded to Longriggend. At his trial several months later he was acquitted on all four counts with a not proven verdict.
Now aged 21, Ferris immediately returned to his work as an enforcer for Thompson, and was soon arrested again and charged with possession of offensive weapons after a pickaxe handle and knives were found in his car. While awaiting trial he was involved in a stabbing, and fled to Thompson's holiday home in Rothesay on the Isle of Bute. Within a day of arriving there, he was arrested by armed police and charged with various offences including attempted murder and possession of heroin with intent to supply, and was remanded to HM Prison Barlinnie. The attempted murder charge was dropped a week later and Ferris was found not guilty of the drugs charge, but he received an 18-month sentence for possession of offensive weapons. After being released from prison Ferris stopped working for Thompson and started a company named Cottage Conservatories specialising in double glazing and conservatories, but still remained active in the criminal underworld.
On 18 August 1991 Thompson's son, Arthur Jr (nicknamed "Fat Boy") died after being shot outside his home. Ferris was arrested following the killing, and was charged with murder and remanded to HM Prison Barlinnie. On the day of Thompson Jr's funeral the cortege passed a car containing the bodies of two friends of Ferris, Robert Glover and Joe "Bananas" Hanlon, who were also suspected of involvement in his death, and had been killed by gunshots to the head. At his trial in 1992 Ferris was defended by Donald Findlay, on the following charges:
- the murder of Arthur Thompson Jr, with help from Glover and Hanlon; the attempted murder of Arthur Thompson Snr by repeatedly driving a car at him in May 1990;
- threatening to murder William Gillen, and shooting him in the legs;
- conspiracy to assault John "Jonah" McKenzie on 26 May 1991;
- illegal possession of a firearm;
- supplying heroin, cocaine and ecstasy;
- breach of the Bail Act.
Over 300 witnesses were called to give evidence at a trial which lasted fifty four days and cost £4 million, at the time the longest and most expensive trial in Scottish legal history, and ended in Ferris being acquitted of all charges. After the trial Ferris returned to Glasgow and set up a car dealership named Jagger Autos, and also became a consultant for security firm Premier Security, which had a reported annual turnover of £6.2 million. He also maintained contacts in the underworld, including Paul Massey and Rab Carruthers in the north of England. In 1993 his brother Billy escaped from a prison escort after being allowed temporary release to visit his sick father, and was one of the six most wanted men in Britain until being captured in Blackpool. Later that year, Ferris accused the police of having a vendetta against his family after Billy was refused permission to attend the funeral of their father. In August 1994 Ferris received a £250 fine from a court in Manchester after being charged with possession of crack cocaine. He told the court "I'm no gangster", and claimed he used the drug to alleviate his psoriasis. In 1995 Ferris appeared in a television interview with John McVicar in which he remarked "If anyone was born into crime, it was me. Crime is in my blood", and also claimed he had "always used a weapon of sorts".
Ferris was arrested in London in 1997 following a two year surveillance operation by MI5 and Special Branch. At his trial at the Old Bailey in July 1998 he was sentenced to ten years imprisonment after being convicted of conspiracy to sell or transfer prohibited weapons, conspiracy to deal in firearms and possessing explosives, although the sentence was reduced to seven years at the Court of Appeal in London in May 1999. While in prison Ferris co-authored his biography The Ferris Conspiracy with Reg McKay, which sold 20,000 copies while he was imprisoned. Ferris was released from Frankland Prison, County Durham in January 2002 pledging to give up his life of crime, and released a second book with McKay, a novel titled Deadly Divisions, in April 2002. In May of the same year he was sent back to prison for breaching the conditions of his parole after being involved in a knife fight with Tam McGraw, and an alleged connection with a £900,000 shipment of cannabis. Ferris was released again in June 2002, and returned to Scotland.
Ferris started a new security company named Frontline Security after being released from prison. In December 2003 his brother Billy was convicted of murder for a second time. He had been released in 1999 after serving 22 years of a life sentence, but was convicted of the February 2003 murder of a 15-year old boy, Jason Hutchison, after mistaking him for the boy's older brother, David Hutchison, whom he suspected of having assaulted his wife. In January 2004 Frontline Security were criticised when it was revealed the company were guarding the Rosepark nursing home, where 14 pensioners had died in a fire. Relatives of the victims demanded to know why a company linked to Ferris had been hired. Three months later it emerged that Frontline Security had won a contract to protect speed cameras on the M8 motorway, with a police source stating "The fact this firm have been handed this speed camera contract is just plain ridiculous". Later the same year it emerged that the company had been paid taxpayers' money to protect Dumbarton Sheriff Court, and court bosses said they would not use the firm again.
Ferris caused more controversy when it emerged he was being filmed for a fly-on-the-wall television show to be aired on Five. TV bosses were accused of glamourising his life of crime, with a Glasgow detective stating "Now we have Ferris the TV star - it makes you sick. He can try to become a Z-list celebrity all he wants, but he is a career criminal and no matter how many times he tries to reinvent himself, we will always know the truth". In April 2005 police in Edinburgh began investigating Ferris over concerns he was attempting to invest in the taxi trade in the city, and a month later details of a planned film about Ferris' life emerged, starring Scottish actor Robert Carlyle and Oasis singer Liam Gallagher. Ferris released his third book Vendetta in October 2005, and followed that with an appearance at the Festival of Scottish Writing in Edinburgh in May 2006. This was followed by the release of his fourth book Villains in October 2006. In January 2007 Scottish Minister for Justice Cathy Jamieson announced a planned initiative to prevent convicted criminals from profiting from the publication of their memoirs, although Reg McKay has previously stated Ferris did not profit from the sale of the first book and that his motivation is not financial.
- The Ferris (12 March 2001, with McKay)
- Deadly Divisions: The Spectre Chronicles (8 April 2002, with Reg McKay)
- Vendetta: Turning Your Back on Crime Can Be Deadly... (October 2005, with Reg McKay)
- Villains: It Takes One to Know One (1 October 2006, with Reg McKay)
- Nicola Stow (22 April 2005). "Fears gangland enforcer Ferris moving in on Capital cab trade". Edinburgh Evening News. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- McKay, Reg & Ferris, Paul (2001). The Ferris Conspiracy. Mainstream Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 1-84018-388-8.
- "Life for 'mistaken identity' murder". BBC. 11 December 2003. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- Hannibal hacked two to death during dinner News of the World; May 30, 2010
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 31-34.
- Dan McDougall (3 May 2002). "It’s all over, big man". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- McKay, Reg (2006). The Last Godfather: The Life and Crimes of Arthur Thompson. Black and White Publishing. pp. 113–117. ISBN 978-1-84502-086-6.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 61-62.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 69-72.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 75-76.
- Mary Riddell (23 April 2006). "Even Michael Howard would blush at these reforms". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 78-79.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 84-85.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 86-91.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 101-103.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 144-145.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 153-156.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, pp. 181-184.
- Morton, James (1994). Gangland Volume 2. Warner Books. pp. 114–120. ISBN 0-7515-1406-3.
- Jeffrey, Robert (2006). Glasgow's Hard Men. Black & White Publishing. pp. 152–153. ISBN 1-84502-132-0.
- The Last Godfather: The Life and Crimes of Arthur Thompson, pp. 266-271.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, p. 211.
- "From crime fact to crime fiction". BBC. 18 April 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- The Ferris Conspiracy, p. 218.
- "GUNS, DRUGS & JAIL: HIS LIFE AND CRIMES". The Sunday Mirror. 3 October 2004. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- Glasgow's Hard Men, p. 154.
- Glasgow's Hard Men, p. 164.
- "Gun-running trio jailed". BBC. 23 July 1998. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Ex-gangster out of jail". BBC. 21 January 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Ferris heads back to jail". BBC. 3 May 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- William McIlvanney (5 May 2002). "Gangs grab a piece of the consumer society". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Gunrunner out of jail". The Scotsman. 14 June 2002.
- Simon Houston (3 October 2004). "FURY OVER FERRIS TV STARDOM". The Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- Jack Mathieson (14 April 2004). "FERRIS PULLS A FAST ONE". Daily Record. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Liam set for gang film role". The Sunday Mirror. 15 May 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- Brian Ferguson (21 April 2006). "Underworld king Ferris to hold court at festival". Edinburgh Evening News. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Criminal memoirs to be outlawed". BBC. 28 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- Juliette Garside (11 March 2001). "Ferris social worker brought him to book". Sunday Herald. Retrieved 2007-06-05.