|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 20th district
January 3, 1961 – January 3, 1983
|Preceded by||Edna O. Simpson|
|Succeeded by||Dick Durbin|
|Born||June 23, 1921|
|Alma mater||Illinois College|
Paul Findley (born June 23, 1921) is a former United States Representative from Illinois, who represented its 20th District. A Republican, he was first elected in 1961. Findley lost his seat in 1982 to current United States Senator Dick Durbin. Findley attended Illinois College and is a member of Phi Alpha Literary Society. He is a cofounder of the Council for the National Interest, a Washington, D.C. advocacy group, and a board member of If Americans Knew. He resides in Jacksonville, Illinois.
Findley served 11 terms in Congress, but lost to Dick Durbin, in his bid for reelection in 1982. He was known in Congress as an advocate of the farmers of his district and as a strong proponent of the Palestinians and the Palestine Liberation Organization.
According to the New York Times, in 1982 Findley narrowly lost his bid for re-election for a number of reasons: "a competent opponent, redistricting, the economic recession, and pro-Israel groups support to his challenger," which allowed Findley's challenger to match him in spending. During the campaign, "a former AIPAC [American Israel Public Affairs Committee] president called him 'a dangerous enemy of Israel.'" Findley confirmed that his 1982 campaign raised "almost exactly the same sum" as that of his opponent.
United States foreign policy 
A year after the September 11 attacks in 2001, Findley published an article saying that this attack would never have occurred were it not for the United States' uncritical support of Israel. In that same article, he wrote that "U.S. policy on the Mideast is made in Israel, not in Washington," and that "once beloved worldwide, the U.S. government finds itself reviled in most countries because it provides unconditional support of Israeli violations of the United Nations Charter, international law, and the precepts of all major religious faiths."
Criticism of US-Israel relations 
Findley is a frequent critic of U.S. foreign policy regarding Israel. In 1985, Findley wrote the best selling book "They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby" in which he states that the pro-Israel lobby, notably AIPAC, has vast undue influence over the United States Congress. He refers to the lobby as "the 700-pound gorilla in Washington". He closes his book with this plea:
The government of the United States must assert, at long last, its own national interests in the Middle East.... The world views our nation - accurately - as Israel's essential partner in its military adventurism and its suppression of human rights. America must clear its good name of this complicity.... The next logical U.S. steps: declare that the people in occupied territories have the right to self-determination and, if they choose, independent statehood; demand that Israeli forces cease the detention of Palestinians without due process, as well as halt the beatings of Palestinians, the destruction of their homes and the use of plastic bullets and other lethal weapons against them; demand that new Israeli settlements in the occupied territories be prohibited. The United States has ample leverage with which to force compliance with these demands. At some point - the sooner the better - the United States must issue a clear ultimatum: notify the Jewish state that all U.S. aid will cease unless Israel, in exchange for border guarantees, withdraws its forces from Arab territories."
The Washington Post reviewing "They Dare to Speak Out" said: "Stripped of all the maudlin martyrdom, former congressman Paul Findley's message is straightforward and valid: Israeli influence in the United States, including in the inner sanctums of government, is very strong."  The New York Times review by Adam Clymer, described the book as "an angry, one-sided book that seems often to be little more than a stringing together of stray incidents ... [it] does not really accept the idea that people of any political point of view are entitled to organize, support their friends and try to defeat the people they think are their enemies".
Findley lists the Israeli lobby as one of the factors contributing to his narrow defeat in 1982, alongside the serious national recession of 1982 and the substantial change of his district's boundaries after the 1980 census. "In seeking gains for Israel, they rigorously stifled dissent and intimidated the entire Congress. They still do. They defeat legislators who criticize Israel. Senators Adlai Stevenson III and Charles H. Percy, and Representatives Pete McCloskey, Cynthia McKinney, Earl F. Hilliard, and myself were defeated at the polls by candidates heavily financed by pro-Israel forces. McKinney alone was able to regain her seat in Congress." (McKinney lost her seat again two years later.)
Findley spoke to NPR about the publication of Mearsheimer and Walt's controversial 2006 working paper, The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy : "You can't imagine how pleased I was [...] I think I can pose as a foremost expert on the lobby for Israel, because I was the target the last three years I was in Congress."
Support of the Council on American-Islamic Relations 
Findley has supported the efforts of the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) to improve the image of Muslims in America. In a conference in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Findley said that "the cancer of anti-Muslim and anti-Islamic sentiments was spreading in American society and requires corrective measures to stamp out this malaise." In May 2006 Findley led a CAIR delegation to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), resulting in a UAE proposal to build a property in the United States to serve as an endowment for CAIR. This proposal amounted to tens of millions of dollars in UAE donations.
The Anti-Defamation League has criticized the Council for the National Interest, of which Findley is a founder, as an "anti-Israel organization" that "disseminates demonizing propaganda about Israel to academics, politicians, and other audiences." The Anti-Defamation League alleges that as a member of the Council for the National Interest that they have disseminated cartoons with anti-Semitic based themes by Khalil Bendib. Additionally, the Anti-Defamation League has quoted Paul Findley from an article in 2003 as blaming US support of Israel for the September 11 Attacks: "Nine-eleven would not have occurred if the U.S. government had refused to help Israel humiliate and destroy Palestinian society." Paul Findley continued in the same article stating that "America suffered 9/11 and its aftermath and may soon be at war with Iraq, mainly because U.S. policy in the Middle East is made in Israel, not in Washington." 
- "The Transparent Cabal: The Neoconservative Agenda, War in the Middle East, and the National Interest of Israel" (Foreword). 2008. Ihs Press. ISBN 978-1-932528-17-6
- "Silent No More: Confronting America's False Images of Islam". 2001. Amana Publications. ISBN 1-59008-001-7
- "They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby." 1985, 1989, 2003 editions. Lawrence Hill Books. ISBN 1-55652-482-X
- "Deliberate Deceptions: Facing the Facts About the U.S.-Israeli Relationship" 1993, 1995 editions. Lawrence Hill Books. ISBN 1-55652-239-8
- "Abraham Lincoln: The Crucible of Congress." 1979, 2004 editions. Crown. ISBN 978-1-885852-41-0
- "The Federal Farm Fable.", 1968. Arlington House. ASIN B001UCDQQW
See also 
- Adam, Clymer (14 July 1985). "IN SHORT: NONFICTION". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
- McConnell, Scott (2007-12-03) The Lobby Strikes Back, The American Conservative
- They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby, Paul Findley, Lawrence Hill Books, 1989, p. 22
- Paul Findley, Liberating America from Israel, Arab News, September 12, 2002
- Our Israel-centric Foreign Policy, Paul Findley, Huffington Post, June 09 2005
- A Strange Kind of Freedom, Robert Fisk, The Independent, July 9, 2002 reprinted in Women's World, accessed August 18, 2009
- Paul Findley Speaker Profile, Stanford University, January 16, 2005
- They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby, Paul Findley, Lawrence Hill Books, 1989, p. 359
- Measuring the Political Influence of Israel in America, Peter Grose, Washington Post, June 23, 1985, accessed April 28, 2006
- In Short: Nonfiction, Adam Clymer, New York Times, July 14, 1985
- The Peril in U.S. Middle East Policies, February 8, 2005
- Paper on Israel Lobby Sparks Heated Debate, Deborah Amos, NPR, April 21, 2006, accessed April 29, 2006
- Hassan, Javid (21 June 2006). "Media Campaign in US to Dispel Islamophobia". Arab News. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
- Americans Against Hate: CAIR Watch
- Backgrounder: The Council for the National Interest, Anti-Defamation League, October 3 2008
- Institute for Contemporary Affairs founded jointly with the Wechsler Family Foundation JERUSALEM ISSUE BRIEF Vol. 3, No. 25 3 June 2004 Wartime Witch Hunt: Blaming Israel for the Iraq War Dore Gold
- Paul Findley at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Council for the National Interest (CNI), Paul Findley is the Founding Chairman.
- Rep. Paul Findley Dares to Speak Out Paul Findley discusses the Israeli lobby in the US.
|United States House of Representatives|
Edna O. Simpson
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 20th congressional district
Richard J. Durbin