Paul Graener (11 January 1872, Berlin – 13 November 1944) was a German composer and conductor.
Graener was born in Berlin and orphaned as a young child. A boy soprano, he taught himself composition and in 1896 moved to London, where he gave private lessons and served briefly as conductor at the Haymarket Theatre. Before the move, he had married Maria Elisabeth Hauschild, who was to bear him three children in London. Graener is recorded in the United Kingdom Census of 1901 as a "musical director (theatre)" living at 3 Poplar Grove in Hammersmith together with Maria (born in Kiel), their first two children (Heinz and Paul, aged 4 and 2) and Graener's author cousin, George.
In around 1910 Graener moved to Vienna, where he took up a teaching post at the Neues Wiener Konservatorium. He moved several times in the 1910s, living in Salzburg, Dresden, and Munich, eventually accepting the position of professor of composition at the Leipzig University of Music and Theatre which had previously been held by Max Reger. In 1925 he quit the post in order to focus on composition.
Returning to Berlin in 1930, he directed the Stern'sches Konservatorium and, from 1935 to 1941, served as vice-president of the Reichsmusikkammer. This position, previously held by Wilhelm Furtwängler, was a major governmental post within an arm of the Nazi Propaganda Ministry, although the extent to which Graener sympathized with Nazi ideals may be a subject of debate. In the late 1920s Graener had joined the Militant League for German Culture and on 1 April 1933 he became a member of the Nazi Party. During World War II, Graener's Berlin apartment was bombed and he moved with his family to, successively, Wiesbaden, Munich, Vienna, and Salzburg. Graener died in Salzburg at the age of 72 in 1944.
- The Faithful Sentry op. 1 (premiered 1899)
- Das Narrengericht op. 38 (1913)
- Don Juans letztes Abenteuer op. 42 (1914)
- Theophano op. 48 (premiered 1918, Munich)
- Schirin und Gertraude op. 51 (1920)
- Hanneles Himmelfahrt W/o Op. (1927) (after Gerhart Hauptmann's play)
- Friedemann Bach op. 90 (1931) (after Albert Emil Brachvogel's novel)
- Der Prinz von Homburg op. 100 (1935)
- 2 Stücke, op.9
- 3 Stücke, op.26
- Sinfonietta for Strings and Harp, op. 27 (1910)
- Symphony in D Minor Schmied Schmerz (1912, op. 39)
- Aus dem Reiche des Pan op. 22 (1920)
- Romantische Phantasie, op. 41
- Musik am Abend op. 44
- Variationen über ein russisches Volkslied op. 55 (from 1926)
- Waldmusik op. 60
- Divertimento in D major op. 67
- Piano Concerto, op. 72
- Juventus academica (overture), op.73
- Gotische Suite op. 74
- Concerto for Cello and Chamber Orchestra op. 78 (published in 1927)
- Die Flöte von Sanssouci op. 88 (1930)
- Comedietta op. 82
- Variationen über Prinz Eugen (1939)
- Sinfonia breve op. 96
- 3 schwedische Tänze op.98
- Violin Concerto op. 104
- Feierliche Stunde op. 106
- Turmwächterlied op. 107 (1938)
- Wiener Sinfonie op. 110 (1941, First Performance: Hans Knappertsbusch, Berlin Philharmonic)
- Flute Concerto op. 116
Chamber music 
- 4 String Quartets (incl. opp. 54, 65 and 80 published 1920-8 )
- Suite op. 63 for flute and piano (published in 1924 )
- ca. 130 songs
- Don Randel, The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music. Harvard, 1996, p. 327.
- Knut Andreas, Zwischen Musik und Politik: Der Komponist Paul Graener (1872-1944), Frank&Timme Berlin, 2008.
- "Klassika Page for Paul Graener". Retrieved 2007-12-08.
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