Paul Hensel (politician)

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Not to be confused with Paul Hensel.
Paul Hensel
Paul Hensel, M.d.R..JPG
Prussian Landtag
In office
1913–1918
Constituency Allenstein 3
Reichstag
In office
1921–1928
Constituency Allenstein 3
Personal details
Born (1867-10-03)3 October 1867
Gehsen, East Prussia, Prussia
Died 8 January 1944(1944-01-08) (aged 76)
Kolberg, Pomerania, Prussia
Political party Conservatives
DNVP
Occupation Theologian
Religion Lutheran

Paul Hensel (3 October 1867 – 8 January 1944) was a German Lutheran theologian and politician.

Biography[edit]

Hensel was born in Gehsen (today Jeże, Poland) and visited school in Lyck. In 1886 he began to study Theology at the University of Königsberg and the University of Berlin and was a member of the Burschenschaft Corps Masovia. He started to work as a Lutheran Pastor at Gehsen and Friedrichshof in Masuria, later also at the Lutheran congregation of San Remo and became the Superintendent of Johannisburg. Hensel also published several publications in masurian language.

Since 1891 he was engaged in several organisations of agricultural cooperatives and became a member of the supervisory board of the "Landwirtschaftliche Zentraldarlehenskasse für Deutschland" in Berlin in 1920–24.

In 1913 Hensel was elected for the Conservative Party as the deputy of the district Allenstein 3 (Oletzko/Lyck/Johannisburg) at the Prussian Landtag until 1918 and in 1921–28 Hensel, now a member of the DNVP, was the deputy of Allenstein 3 at the Reichstag.[1]

East Prussian plebiscite[edit]

After World War I according to the Treaty of Versailles a plebiscite in East Prussia was organized by the League of Nations to determine whether Masuria should remain as part of Weimar German East Prussia or belong to Poland. Hensel soon started to support the German side and, as Superintendent of Johannisburg, travelled to Versailles already in March 1919 to hand over a collection of 144.447 signatures to the Allied Powers to protest against the planned cession.[2]

Hensel appealed to the foundation of the pro-German Masurenbund and the Arbeitsausschuß Allenstein gegen die Polengefahr, which both joined the Masuren- und Ermländerbund in July 1919 under the presidency of Max Worgitzki. Hensel was active in the Ostdeutscher Heimatdienst and the head of the Committee of Lutheran parishes in Masuria.[1]

The plebiscite turned out a majority of over 97% to remain in East Prussia.

Hensel died in Kolberg in 1944.

Publications[edit]

  • Die evangelischen Masuren in ihrer kirchlichen und nationalen Eigenart, Königsberg 1908
  • Die Polengefahr für die masurische Bevölkerung, Berlin 1911
  • Kalendarz Królewsko-Pruski Ewangelicki, Johannisburg

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reichstags-Handbuch, III. Wahlperiode 1924
  2. ^ Andreas Kossert: Ostpreußen. Geschichte und Mythos. München 2005, S. 219