Paul Magloire

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Paul Magloire
Paul Magloire portrait.jpg
35th President of Haiti
In office
December 6, 1950 – December 12, 1956
Preceded by Franck Lavaud
Succeeded by Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis
Minister of Interior and Defence
In office
May 12, 1950 – August 3, 1950
President Franck Lavaud
Preceded by Louis Raymond
Succeeded by Luc E. Fouché
Member of the Government Junta of Haiti
In office
May 10, 1950 – December 6, 1950
President Franck Lavaud
Minister of Interior and Defence
In office
January 12, 1946 – August 16, 1946
President Franck Lavaud
Preceded by Vély Thébaud
Succeeded by Georges Honorat
Member of the Executive Military Committee
In office
January 11, 1946 – August 16, 1946
President Franck Lavaud
Personal details
Born Paul Eugène Magloire
(1907-07-19)July 19, 1907
Verrettes, Haiti
Died July 12, 2001(2001-07-12) (aged 93)
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Nationality Haitian
Spouse(s) Yolette Leconte
Occupation Military (Division general)

Paul Eugène Magloire (July 19, 1907 – July 12, 2001) was a Haïtian military ruler from 1950 to 1956.

Life and career[edit]

Magloire was born a general's son, and joined the army himself in 1930. Quickly rising through the ranks, he became Police Chief of Port-au-Prince in 1944.

In 1946 he participated in a successful coup against President Élie Lescot. When his successor, President Dumarsais Estimé, tried to extend his term of office in 1950, Magloire ousted him with the help of a local elite and took power.

During Magloire's rule, Haïti became a favorite tourist spot for US and European tourists. His anti-communist position also gained favorable reception from the US government. Notably, he used revenues from the sale of coffee to repair towns, build roads, public buildings, and a dam. He also oversaw the institution of women's suffrage. Magloire was very fond of having a vivid social life, staging numerous parties, social events, and ceremonies.

In 1954, when Hurricane Hazel ravaged Haïti and relief funds were stolen, Magloire's popularity fell. In 1956 there was a dispute about when his presidency would end; he fled the country amid strikes and demonstrations. When François Duvalier took the presidency, he stripped Magloire of his Haïtian citizenship.

In 1986, when Baby Doc Duvalier lost power, Magloire returned to Haïti from New York. Two years later he became an unofficial army advisor. He died in 2001.[1]

  1. ^ [1], New York Times, July 16, 2001.

Further reading[edit]

Preceded by
Franck Lavaud
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
President of Haïti

1950–1956
Succeeded by
Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis