Paul Magriel in the 2005 World Series of Poker
|Residence||Las Vegas, Nevada|
|World Series of Poker|
Main Event finish
|World Poker Tour|
Paul was New York State Junior Chess Champion at the age of 19, while a student at New York University.
Known as X-22 on the backgammon circuit, Magriel has arguably won more major backgammon tournaments than any other player in the world. He is widely considered the world's premier backgammon teacher, an original and clear-thinking theorist and one of its best players.
The sobriquet X-22 originates from Magriel's simulation of a real backgammon tournament (compare simultaneous exhibition in chess) with 64 boards, designated X-1 through x-64, in which the player designated "X-22" has eventually won.
Paul Magriel and Renee Magriel (his first wife) have written two books, Backgammon, widely considered to be the bible of the game, and an abridgement for beginning players, An Introduction to Backgammon: A Step-by-Step Guide.
Magriel features in the commentary in the televised backgammon series, High Stakes Backgammon, produced from the 2005 World Backgammon Championships held in Monte Carlo. It was the pilot series that led to the World Series of Backgammon and showcased Magriel's extraordinary oratory skills.
Magriel had several notable finishes in poker tournaments from the mid-1990s in Europe, playing in London, Paris and Vienna in Omaha, hold'em and seven-card stud events. He won the €2,000 no limit hold'em event at the Aviation Club de France in September 2002, defeating a field including Pascal "Triple P" Perrault, Patrick Bruel and Simon "Aces" Trumper on the way to the €48,600 first prize.
Magriel has finished in the money eight times at the World Series of Poker (WSOP), which includes one cash in the Main Event in 2010, he has also made the final table on the Professional Poker Tour and Ultimate Poker Challenge.
Magriel created the "M Principle" (better known since as the M-ratio) - a theory elaborated on at great length in the book Harrington on Hold'em Volume II by former WSOP Champion "Action" Dan Harrington and Bill Robertie. The theory explains at which stages of tournaments expected value exists to make moves on other players, depending on the ratio between chip stack sizes and antes.
Whilst playing poker, Magriel often shouts "Quack quack!" whilst making a bet, usually to declare a bet which has a numerical value beginning in 22 (e.g.: 2200, 22000.) This is a reference to a pair of 2's being known in backgammon as "double ducks" and poker as ducks.
As of 2010, his total live tournament winnings exceed $490,000.
Family and Miscellaneous
Magriel is the son of Paul Magriel Sr., an art collector and author, and Christine Fairchild Magriel. His younger brother is the sarangi player and teacher Nicolas Magriel. He has one son, Louis Fairchild Magriel (Louis being the name of all four grandfathers) by his wife, French poker player Martine Oulés.
After receiving perfect College Board scores, he became, while an undergraduate, a fellow of the Courant Institute at New York University and later a National Science Foundation fellow at Princeton University with a primary interest in probability.
- Chris Bray (12 August 2000). "Backgammon: Triumphing over X-22". The Independent. "Mr. Backgammon himself, Paul Magriel, known universally as X-22."
- "The Giants of Backgammon, a Biannual Survey". flintbg.com. "There is no Internationally recognized system by which rankings are determined. However, Yamin A. Yamin from Illinois has created a system by which the tournament directors around the world calculate the best players and establish their ranking."
- Chuck Bower. "History of Backgammon, Part I: A Brief History of Backgammon 1920-1990". bkgm.com (originally appeared in the August 1999 issue of GammOnLine). "The US had Paul Magriel, probably the most publicized pure backgammon player in history.” “Magriel's 1976 publication of Backgammon began a trend of truly challenging advanced texts.” “In 1977 The New York Times hired Magriel to write a weekly column which eventually produced on the order of 100 articles.” “Magriel was featured in articles of the top magazines, the most noteworthy story being in the June 4, 1979 issue of Sports Illustrated."
- "Blindfold Backgammon:". The New Yorker. 1977. "once I had a private tournament with sixty-four imaginary entrants, whom I designated X-l, X-2, and so forth, through X-64. In the final, X-22 was pitted against X-34, and X-22 won."
- Michael Crane (25 July 2000). "MindZine Backgammon News". Mind Sports Worldwide, msoworld.com. "Paul Magriel won the 'World Championship' in 1978 in the Bahamas."
- Backgammon. 1976 edition: Chicago: Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Company. ISBN 0-8129-0615-2. Backgammon. 2004 edition by Paul David Magriel Jr. and Renée Magriel Roberts. Harwich Port: Clock & Rose Press. ISBN 1-59386-027-7, ISBN 978-1-59386-027-1.
- "Paul Magriel (X-22), QUACK-QUACK". wtpfan.com The (unofficial) World Poker Tour Fan Site. "Paul is one of the most celebrated backgammon players of all time, writing a book that many consider to be the bible of backgammon."
- Tom Keith et al.. "Reviews of the 2004 edition of Magriel's Backgammon". bkgm.com. "This is a reprint of Backgammon by Paul Magriel (1976). The text is identical to the original except for the addition of a 10-page foreword by Renée Magriel Roberts. This is the first edition (after twenty-eight years) to list Renée Magriel Roberts as a coauthor."
- "Backgammon by Paul Magriel". Backgammon Directory. "Although written back in 1976, Backgammon by Paul Magriel is the most famous of backgammon books and is often referred to as “The Bible of Backgammon”."
- An Introduction to Backgammon: A Step-by-Step Guide. An abridged version of the 1976 edition of Backgammon. Chicago: Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Company, Inc. 1978. ISBN 0-8129-0735-3.
- "Paul Magriel. Stats". The Hendon Mob website. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- See Newark College of Engineering. (1969). Catalog of Undergraduate Day and Evening Programs: 1969-1970. Newark, NJ: The Board of Trustees of Schools for Industrial Education; Newark College of Engineering. (1970). Catalog of Undergraduate Day and Evening Programs: 1970-1971 Academic Year. Newark, NJ: The Board of Trustees of Schools for Industrial Education; Newark College of Engineering. (1971). Catalog of Undergraduate Day and Evening Programs: 1971-1972 Academic Year. Newark, NJ: The Board of Trustees of Schools for Industrial Education; Newark College of Engineering. (1972). Catalog of Undergraduate Day and Evening Programs: 1972-1973 Academic Year. Newark, NJ: The Board of Trustees of Schools for Industrial Education. .